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Centre comes to Kerala’s aid
Rajnath announces ₹ 100 crore as immediate relief, terms situation serious Special Correspondent
Move is seen as counter to the demonstration in London
‘Quash suspension of telecom services rules’ NEW DELHI
Congress Rajya Sabha MP Husain Dalwai has moved a statutory motion to quash the Temporary Suspension of Telecom Services Rules, 2017, which allow for temporary shutdown of Internet services in case of “public emergency or public safety”. DELHI METRO A PAGE 1 DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD
‘Rising drug abuse among women in Punjab’ CHANDIGARH
The problem of drug abuse in Punjab over the years has largely been focused on men, but experts and studies point out that the number of women addicted to drugs is rising “alarmingly” in the State. NEWS
A PAGE 11
Farmers’ agitation in Bhangar ends KOLKATA
The farmers’ agitation in the Bhangar area in South 24 Parganas district virtually ended on Saturday with the main leadership’s decision to enter into an agreement with the West Bengal government. EAST
A PAGE 3
Union Home Minister Raj nath Singh on Sunday con ducted an aerial survey of ﬂ oodravaged Kerala and an nounced an immediate relief of ₹ 100 crore as the State braced for another spell of heavy rain after a fresh low pressure area developed in the Bay of Bengal. State authorities said the death toll in the recent mon soon rain rose to 38 and more than 1,00,000 people had been shifted to 1,026 re lief camps. The Union Minister’s an nouncement of aid came as the ﬁ rst response to the State’s plea for ₹ 1,220 crore from the National Disaster Response Fund. The Centre had earlier sanctioned ₹ 80 crore and another ₹ 18.24 crore assistance to the State. ‘Unprecedented ﬂ oods’ Mr. Singh called the ﬂ ood sit uation serious and unprece dented in the history of the State. He was accompanied by Chief Minister Pinarayi Vi jayan, Union Minister of State for Tourism K.J. Al phons and senior govern ment oﬃ cials.
Kallol Bhattacherjee NEW DELHI
Taking stock: Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh and Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan during an aerial survey of the ﬂ oodaﬀ ected areas in Kerala on Sunday. PTI
Hours ahead of the proKhal istan rally in London, Exter nal Aﬀ airs Minister Sushma Swaraj announced on Sun day that all Indian diplomat ic missions would celebrate the 550th birth anniversary of the founder of Sikh faith Guru Nanak. The move is seen as a counter to the rally, organ ised by a U.S.based group. Last month, India issued a démarche over the ‘Khalista ni rally,’ intended to drum up support for a nonbind ing referendum on a Sikh homeland in 2020.
Later, Mr. Singh told the media that the Centre was convinced about the losses Kerala had suﬀ ered. Accord ing to him, it was the worst ﬂ oods the State had expe rienced since 1924. The tou rism and agriculture sectors had suﬀ ered badly. Large tracts of paddy and cash crops and banana planta tions were damaged. The in frastructure sector, includ
ing roads and buildings, were damaged and power lines had snapped, he said. The rainrelated calami ties, he said, had rendered hundreds homeless and around 1,00,000 people had to be sheltered in relief camps. Oﬀ ering all support, Mr. Singh said the government would consider the de mands for additional relief
assistance after a detailed evaluation by an interminis terial team. A highlevel team, headed by him, would evaluate the report of the in terministerial team. More men from the National Disas ter Response Force would be deployed in Kerala, if re quired, he added. RED ALERT AS STORM LOOMS A PAGE 5
Right to gather The British government, ho wever, said people had a right to gather and express their views, provided they did so within the law.
Sir Vidia bids adieu
Mystery over death of 2 Patna home inmates Amarnath Tewary Patna
A woman (21) and a girl (17), both inmates of Aasra, a go vernmentfunded shortstay home here, have died under mysterious circumstances. They were taken to the Patna Medical College and Hospital (PMCH) on Friday night with complaints of
vomiting, diarrhoea, and high fever, but the hospital authorities declared them “brought dead.” Earlier on Friday, four in mates of the home at Nepali Tola of Chandra Vihar colo ny under the Rajiv Nagar police station had tried to run away but when the local people raised an alarm they
were caught and brought back. The Social Welfare De partment had also conduct ed a surprise check at the home on Friday and had found several irregularities there. It had also recommended that the home be shifted from the area.
On Friday night the two inmates reportedly fell ill and were taken to the PMCH. “When they were brought to the hospital they were already dead”, Rajiv Ranjan, superintendent of PMCH said. But the police were informed about the deaths on Sunday. CONTINUED ON A PAGE 10
London show: Participants gather for the proKhalistan rally, in London on Sunday. VIDYA RAM *
The proKhalistan rally, and a counterrally to sup port India, took place in Tra falgar Square on Sunday, amid tight security. The Khalistan rally was organ ised by the Sikhs for Justice and supporters from outﬁ ts
across the U.K. participated in it. Around 200 people at tended the counterrally held on the other side of the Square. CONTINUED ON A PAGE 10 RALLIES IN LONDON A PAGE 12
Address AIIMS manpower shortage, says panel
PRESS TRUST OF INDIA LONDON
EDGE A 4 PAGES DELHI METRO A 6 PAGES
Ahead of ‘Khalistan rally’, India announces Guru fete
Vidiadhar Surajprasad Nai paul, the Trinidadborn In dianorigin author and No bel laureate known for his critical commentary on co lonialism, religion and pol itics, died aged 85 on Saturday. “He was a giant in all that he achieved and he died surrounded by those he loved, having lived a life full of wonderful creativity and endeavour,” his wife Lady Nadira Naipaul said. Naipaul was born on Au gust 17, 1932, in Trinidad in to an Indian Hindu family. DISPLACEMENT A PAGE 12 COMPLICATED MAN A EDITORIAL
245 vacancies in the faculty in Delhi Staff Reporter NEW DELHI
Despite eﬀ orts by the All In dia Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, to ﬁ ll up vacancies in the past one year, resulting in the re cruitment of 300 additional faculty members and 1,000 nurses, a parliamentary pa nel has asked the Union Mi nistry of Health and Family Welfare to formulate a per sonnel policy, covering op timum staﬀ ratio. The direction comes even as the Health Ministry has announced the opening and setting up of new AIIMS
in several parts of the country. 2,025 vacancies The committee on subor dinate legislation on rules/ regulations framed under the AIIMS Act, 1956, ex pressed disappointment ov er the submission of the go vernment that there were 245 vacancies in the faculty and 2,025 vacancies in the nonfaculty staﬀ strength of AIIMS, New Delhi. There are 1,303 vacancies in the faculty of six new AIIMS es tablished in the country. CONTINUED ON A PAGE 10
Press Trust of India New Delhi
A policeman takes cover near the site of a gunﬁ ght in Srinagar on Sunday. One member of the Special Operations Group was killed and four, including three CRPF men, were injured in the ﬁ ght with militants at Batamaloo. NISSAR AHMAD (REPORT ON PAGE 10) *
After Telecom Regulatory Authority of India chief ’s Aadhaar dare ignited a de bate on the security of the 12digit number, theU nique Identiﬁ cation Auth ority of India (UIDAI) is planning a user outreach to sensitise people to the dos and don’ts of sharing their biometric identiﬁ er. “It is necessary to in form people that they should use Aadhaar freely, without fear, and a de tailed FAQ (frequently asked questions) will be is sued,” Ajay Bhushan Pan dey, the CEO of UIDAI, said. DETAILS ON A PAGE 11
How a cricket buddy brought ‘junoon’ to Imran party Salman Ahmad hopes Khan’s tenure as Prime Minister will lead to better ties with India Suhasini Haidar NEW DELHI
Cricket brought musician Salman Ahmad and Imran Khan, now Pakistan’s Prime Ministerdesignate, together more than 35 years ago, when Mr. Ahmad was picked by Mr. Khan to join the national team, along with players like Wasim Akram and Rameez Raja, on its historic ﬁ rst tour of Bangladesh in 1985.
Going long back: Imran Khan, left, at the wedding of former team mate Salman Ahmad. SPECIAL ARRANGEMENT *
‘Like older brother’ “Ever since the 1980s, IK [Imran Khan] has been like an older brother, mentor and guide. We have shared a common junoon (passion) for cricket and music, and a strong desire for social welfare and justice,” Mr. Ahmad says. The two then moved CM YK
away to other ﬁ elds, with Mr. Ahmad abandoning his cricket and medical careers to set up the famous rock band Junoon, while Mr. Khan went on to join politics. But they remained close. As he prepares to attend Mr. Khan’s swearingin on
Saturday, Mr. Ahmad says he had had no regrets about not having joined the electoral fray with his friend and former captain, whose party, the Pakistan Tehreek eInsaaf (PTI), won the largest number of seats in the election held on July 25. The party anthem, Naya
Pakistan, and several campaign songs were performed by Mr. Ahmad, who emphasises that he has not joined the PTI. “My music is my politics,” he told The Hindu in an interview conducted over email and telephone from Islamabad. “Junoon’s music and message has always been very socially conscious. In 1996, I wrote a song called Ehtesaab [accountability], which has become an anticorruption anthem in Pakistan.” In 1998, the band’s musical tour of India coincided with the Pokhran blasts, and when he returned to Pakistan, Mr. Ahmad was handed a notice by the Ministry of Culture, which accused him of being a traitor.
Nevertheless, Junoon brought out a new album, Azaadi, which had equally politically charged lyrics. Mr. Ahmad’s journey will come full circle this week, as he and his group will perform as a band again, to mark the 20th anniversary of the song Azaadi, on Pakistan’s Independence Day on August 14. Mr. Ahmad says he hopes Mr. Khan’s tenure will see better IndiaPakistan ties, and particularly that artists and sportsmen can resume exchanges that have been stopped for several years. “We need to allow our respective artists to communicate, collaborate and travel regularly,” he said, adding that he hopes to travel with a new album, Dosti, to India soon. A ND-NDE
AAP CM candidate to contest from Bhopal Bhopal (SouthWest) Assembly constituency is considered a BJP stronghold Correspondent Bhopal
The Aam Aadmi Party’s chief ministerial candidate in Madhya Pradesh will contest from the Bhopal (South West) constituency in the coming Assembly elections in the State. The seat is con sidered a BJP stronghold. “Alok Agrawal will contest from Bhopal DakshinPash chim Assembly seat,” party’s
Rajya Sabha member Sushil Gupta announced in Bhopal on Sunday. Mr. Gupta was in the State capital to attend the party’s State Lok Sabha unit meeting. The former Narmada Ba chao Andolan activist, Mr. Agrawal is an IITKanpur alumnus who joined the AAP ahead of the 2014 elections. He was ﬁ elded as an AAP candidate for the Khandwa
Lok Sabha seat, where he got 16,800 votes. Since 2008, the seat is re presented by Madhya Pra desh Minister Uma Shankar Gupta. In the State, the Op position Congress is in a di rect faceoﬀ with the ruling BJP government, led by Shiv raj Singh Chouhan. The party has decided to contest all the 230 Assembly seats in the State, he added.
The AAP contested the Guja rat, Karnataka and Goa As sembly elections, but was unable to open its account. However, the party emerged as the second strongest par ty in Punjab’s 117member Assembly. The party won 20 As sembly seats by contesting in 112 seats, under a tacit un derstanding with the ruling Congress in the State.
Appointment of forest research institute’s V-C challenged In contravention of UGC rules; incumbent did not have ‘requisite qualiﬁ cation’: plea Soibam Rocky Singh New Delhi
The appointment of a bu reaucrat as the ViceChancel lor of the country’s premier Forest Research Institute Deemed to be University (FRIDU) in Dehradun has been challenged before the Delhi High Court by a plea claiming that it was in con travention of the University Grants Commission (UGC) rules. IFS oﬃ cer The petition has sought to quash the appointment of Dr. Savita, an Indian Forest Service (IFS) oﬃ cer, as the ViceChancellor of FRIDU, claiming that she did not have the ‘requisite qualiﬁ cation’. The plea ﬁ led by Hilalud din, a former scientist with the Indian Council of Fores try Research and Education (ICFRE), has claimed that the
Woman held for killing son over loan repayment BAREILLY
A woman has been arrested for allegedly killing her younger son in December last year by conniving with his elder brother over not wanting to repay a loan taken from a grocery shop owner, the police said on Sunday. PTI
Appointment < > illegally regularised through a resolution on March 30, 2016, by the FRIDU Board of Management which included Dr. Savita Hilaluddin Petitioner
UGC’s minimum academic qualiﬁ cation for the post of ViceChancellor is a Ph.D de gree and the candidate should have spent a mini mum of 10 years as professor in a university. ‘Not a scientist’ It added that Dr. Savita, also the Director of FRI, Dehra dun, has never held the post of a professor at any univer sity nor was she posted as scientist in any academic institution.
During the hearing on the petition last month, the counsel appearing for the FRIDU Chancellor and VC told the High Court that “there is no post of Vice Chancellor of the Forest Re search Institute, a deemed university and only the Di rector, Forest Research Insti tute is designated as a ViceChancellor”. Next hearing on Oct. 16 The High Court has asked the counsel to bring the doc uments which showed that there is no post of VC before the next date of hearing on October 16. Mr. Hilaluddin, in a peti tion ﬁ led through advocate Gyanant Kumar Singh, has claimed that the appoint ment of Dr. Savita as the ViceChancellor in violation of UGC regulations was “ille gally regularised through a resolution on March 30,
BJP resorting to divisive politics in Haryana: Hooda ‘Party made tall promises to farmers, soldiers; did not fulﬁ l any’ SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT CHANDIGARH
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2016, by the FRIDU Board of Management, which includ ed Dr. Savita”. The petition claimed that the Board’s resolution stood vitiated with the participa tion of Dr. Savita as Member Secretary in the meeting which was considering her case. It further alleged that “prior permission of the UGC was not obtained by the authorities of FRIDU before diluting academic qualiﬁ ca tion of the ViceChancellor and altering structure of its Board of Management as mandated by the UGC (Insti tutions Deemed to be Un iversity) Regulations 2010”. The plea has sought direc tion for termination of ap pointment of Dr. Savita from the post of ViceChancellor of FRIDU and ﬁ lling up the post in a timebound man ner in accordance with the UGC regulations.
Former Chief Minister Bhu pinder Singh Hooda on Sun day hit out at the ruling Bha ratiya Janata Party government in Haryana, ac cusing it of resorting to cheap politics, causing divi sions in society. “Unity and social harmo ny is our biggest strength and I appeal to all sections to defeat the divisive forces by staying united and maintain social harmony,” the former CM said at a public meeting at the start of the ﬁ fth leg of his ‘Jankranti Yatra’ in Ma hendragarh. “The BJP made tall pro mises to farmers and sol diers before the elections. But after coming to power the BJP has not fulﬁ lled any of the promises. Farmers were promised 50% proﬁ t for their crops but the BJP has betrayed their trust. The soldiers were promised One Rank One Pensions but they continue to agitate as they are not getting the same on the formula promised to them by the Congress go vernment,” said Mr. Hooda. “The BJP government had promised the government employees to bring pay pari ty with their Punjab counter
Bhupinder Singh Hooda
parts but like the other pro mises, this one too has been thrown in the dustbin. The result is that all work has come to grinding halt in the State,” he said. He added that the Con gress would bring this pay parity after assuming power following the Assembly elec tions next year. Flays INLD Mr. Hooda also took a dig at the Indian National Lok Dal for their failure to bring any development in southern Haryana and challenged them to list even one deve lopment initiative during their six years of govern ment from 1999 to 2004. “INLD leaders criticise the Congress but never talk about their achievements
because they have nothing to highlight. Instead of bringing any development to the region, they opposed the construction of the Han siButana canal,” he alleged. Mr. Hooda added that both the BJP and the INLD were trying to mislead the people of the State. “The INLD did not vote against the BJP government in the no conﬁ dence motion moved by the Opposition in the Lok Sabha while they voted with the BJP in the re cently concluded elections for the post of Deputy Chair man of the Rajya Sabha,” he said. In Kurukshetra’s Babain, senior Congress leader Ran deep Singh Surjewala criti cised the BJP government for not waiving farm loans despite the farmers distress. “The BJP government im posed huge taxes on farm ers, thereby increasing farm costs. Fertilizers, pesticides and farm implements earlier attracted zero per cent tax in most States but under the GST, the BJP government has imposed huge taxes,” he said, addressing a ‘Jan Chet na’ rally. “The people have made up their mind to teach a beﬁ tting lesson to the BJP in the next polls,” he said.
Farmers’ agitation in Bhangar ends Agreement signed with Bengal govt. Staff Reporter Kolkata
The farmers’ agitation in the Bhangar area in South 24 Parganas district virtually ended on Saturday with the main leadership’s decision to enter into an agreement with the West Bengal go vernment. The land agitation started about four years ago when the State government ac quired 16 acres of farmland for the Power Grid Corpora tion of India Ltd (PGCIL) to set up a power distribution grid. Repeated assurance from the Chief Minister that no harm will come to the lo cals if the power grid comes up in the area failed to re duce the intensity of the ag itation that has resulted in four deaths. An agreement stating that no power grid but only a re gional substation will come up in Bhangar and steps will be taken to withdraw cases against the agitators as per law was signed on Saturday between the agitation lea dership and the State go vernment. However, a section of
movement's leaders, mainly comprising rights activists, have accused the main lea dership headed by Alik Chakraborty, a Polit Bureau member of the CPI(ML) Red Star, of adopting a “progo vernment” position. Accusing the top agita tion leaders of “surrender ing to the State govern ment”, Dibakar Bhattacharya, a State com mittee member of the CPI (ML) Liberation, pointed out that the agreement by the Land and Livelihood Protec tion Committee members does not mention the amount of compensation to be paid to the aﬀ ected villagers. Denying the allegations, Mr. Chakraborty told The Hindu that the “agitation started with a set of de mands and when they were more or less met, the agree ment was signed with the State government. There is no question of being pro or antigovernment here.” He also said the agreement had “satisfactorily” addressed the environmental issues re garding the power grid.
Justice Jhaveri takes oath as Odisha CJ Correspondent CUTTACK
Justice Kalpesh Satyendra Jhaveri was on Sunday sworn in as the Chief Jus tice of the Orissa High Court. Governor Ganeshi Lal administered the oath of oﬃ ce to the new Chief Justice at a brief ceremony held inside the High Court premises here on Sunday evening. Chief Minister Na veen Patnaik was among those present at the ceremony.
Govt. extends loan waiver scheme to individual farmers Earlier, a farmer family was seen as a single unit, and waiver was on cumulative debt Alok Deshpande
People participate in Nished rally against the Delhi incident. *
Anti-quota group booked for sedition Shoumojit Banerjee Pune
The city police registered a case of sedition against un identiﬁ ed persons in con nection with the burning of a copy of the Constitution by antireservation activists during a protest in New Del hi earlier this week. The Deccan police station registered an FIR under IPC Sections 124A (sedition), 153A (promoting disharmo ny or enmity between two groups), 295 (deﬁ ling any place of worship or an ob ject with intent to insult the religion of any class), 298 (uttering words with delib erate intention of wounding the religious feelings of any person). The case was also ﬁ led under relevant sections of the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971, and the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atroci ties) Act. The Pune Police acted on a complaint ﬁ led by Satish Gaikwad of the Republican Party of India (Secular). Authorities said Mr. Gaik wad submitted a CD con taining a clip of the incident in which members of an an tireservation group are al legedly seen burning of a co py of the Constitution and raising slogans against Dr. B.R. Ambedkar and the SC/ ST communities.
< > Each individual’s loan amount up to
Still struggling to meet com mitments made to the agri cultural sector under the farm loan waiver scheme, the Maharashtra govern ment has now decided to waive outstanding loans of individual eligible farmers. Till now, the State govern ment has spent ₹ 14,000 crore on the scheme. On Friday, the State go vernment issued a Govern ment Resolution (GR) on loan waivers to eligible farm ers. The decision had been announced by the govern ment the recentlyconcluded monsoon session of the State Legislature in Nagpur. Prior to changing its deﬁ nition of an eligible farmer, the government had consi dered a farmer family as a single unit and up to ₹ 1.50 lakh of agricultural debt was waived. Now, each indivi dual with an outstanding agricultural loan will be co vered in the scheme, and up to ₹ 1.5 lakh will be waived by
₹ 1.5 lakh will be waived... Banks will prepare the list of potential beneﬁ ciaries Senior official Cooperation Dept.
Bad loans: The State govt. is struggling to waive outstanding farm loans. FILE PHOTO *
the government. “Each indi vidual’s loan amount up to ₹ 1.50 lakh will be waived. The necessary instructions have been given to banks to prepare the list of potential beneﬁ ciaries,” an oﬃ cial from the State Cooperation Department said. Earlier, under the scheme, if a farmer had an outstanding loan amount of
more than ₹ 1.5 lakh, the dif ference will have to be paid to the bank before he or she can avail of the State govern ment waiver. The revised rule also states that farmers who have paid some money to the bank as per the earlier version of the scheme will be reimbursed if the cumulative outstanding loan amount is less than ₹ 1.5 lakh.
The GR states: “For in stance, as per earlier loan waiver scheme, if a family was having cumulative out standing loan amount of ₹ 2 lakh, and to avail the bene ﬁ ts, ₹ 50,000 is already paid by the family, so the State would bear the burden of ₹ 1.5 lakh; as per revised norms, the ₹ 50,000 will have to be returned to the fa mily because everyone in the family is entitled to loan waivers.” In March this year, the go vernment said it has paid for bad farm loans worth ₹ 13,500 crore to banks, which beneﬁ ted 35.32 lakh farmers. The government plans to cover at least 77 lakh farmers under the scheme.
Raj targets CM, Ajit Pawar at Water Cup event Blames successive governments for poor irrigation situation in State Shoumojit Banerjee Pune
The third edition of the Paani Foundation’s Satyameva Jayate Water Cup turned into a forum for political sabrerat tling, with Maharashtra Nav nirman Sena (MNS) chief Raj Thackeray taking potshots at the erstwhile CongressNCP government and the current dispensation. Mr. Thackeray targeted both governments ov er the State’s irrigation woes. Addressing the gathering at
the ceremony, he said, “If ac tor Aamir Khan is doing the droughtprooﬁ ng work and spreading awareness about it, then the question arises as to what governments were doing all the while since Maharash tra became a State in 1960. Where did all the irrigation money go?” said the MNS chief, during his address at the third edition of the Water Cup award ceremony. The event, held at the Bale wadi stadium, was attended
by ruling and Opposition par ty leaders including Chief Mi nister Devendra Fadnavis, NCP’s Ajit Pawar, State Con gress chief Ashok Chavan and senior Congress leader Rad hakrishna VikhePatil. Taking on Mr. Pawar, the MNS chief blamed successive govern ments for the situation. “Ho wever, this is not a podium for expressing political diﬀ erenc es,” he said. In his address, Mr. Pawar, without naming Mr. Thacke
ray, said, “Some people are mere experts at talking. They neither want to do anything nor have the urge to strive for anything… All they do is to play to the galleries.” Mr. Fadnavis, responding directly to Mr. Thackeray’s question, said, “It’s not the fault of the people that Maha rashtra is not yet drought proof. We have indulged in factionalism and oneupman ship at regional and State levels.”
AMBIS to increase detection, conviction rates: Fadnavis Crimeﬁ ghting software will integrate databases across country criminal, the system will create complete biometric data which will be useful in future, Mr. Deshmukh said. IGP (Cyber Crime) Brijesh Singh said the State has allo cated up to ₹ 55 crore for AM BIS. Under the system, every police station in the State will have a scanner linked to the main server at the State Pol ice headquarters.
Press Trust of India Mumbai
Once the Maharashtra go vernment implements its am bitious Automated Multimo dal Biometric Identiﬁ cation System (AMBIS), crime detec tion and conviction rates in the State will go up, Chief Mi nister Devendra Fadnavis said on Sunday. He said the system is un ique because it uses mobile live scanners, and a police pa trol team can ascertain on the spot if a suspect has criminal antecedents. “Besides detect ing crime through ﬁ nger prints at the crime scene, the system with the help of reti nal scan, writers pad, palm and even bare sole scans can help trace criminals with 100% accuracy, and that too within a 0.46 milliseconds.” Prasad Joshi, Assistant Pol ice Inspector (Cyber) and a biometrics expert, said in any crime, ﬁ ngerprints as evi dence is accorded very high value, and if available, it is ac cepted in a court of law. “Ever since the British introduced ﬁ ngerprint identiﬁ cation in Kolkata in 1857, the Finger print Bureau has been under the jurisdiction of the State Criminal Investigation De partment (CID). After the sys tem crashed in 2012, the CID has been manually scanning and matching ﬁ ngerprint da ta with available crime scene data, employing eight to 10 diﬀ erent characteristics. The task is huge as the CID has to go through 6.5 lakh ﬁ nger prints data stored with it.” Data sharing He said ﬁ ngerprint data can be shared by the State go vernment with the National Crime Records Bureau, other State governments, investiga tion agencies, courts, crime experts and even with Inter
New options: Till now, crime ﬁ ghting agencies depended on ﬁ ngerprints. FILE PHOTO *
pol and foreign investigation agencies. “The system will prove useful identifying bodies, es pecially in cases where the body is mutilated, does not have an arm or a hand is lost. In such cases, the bare sole scan can help identify the bo dy,” Mr. Joshi said. According to him, another major irrefutable advantage of the system is that with reti nal scans, it will be diﬃ cult for criminals to escape the law. He added that some times, ﬁ ngerprints are not available if the criminals try to burn their hands, but they surely cannot burn their reti na. “The retina of every indi vidual is unique, and the blood vessels inside the reti na too have unique arrange ment,” he said. Another feature of the sys tem is facial recognition of suspects in cases of mob vio lence and mob lynching, with the help of photographs and CCTV footage. Prof. Amol Deshmukh, a forensic and in vestigation expert and advis er to the State government, said the system will prove handy in cases of terrorist at tacks in crowded places like railway stations, giving 50% 60% accuracy if 40% of the information available is accu rate. In the case of a ﬁ rsttime
Zero data loss Mr. Singh said, “The hitech system ensures there will be no data loss, and has backup facility at a very high level. Another feature of AMBIS is that it can be interfaced with any other operating system, whereby data can be ac cessed anywhere, anytime.” At present the world over, AMBIS is being used by Inter pol and other European agencies. Mr. Singh added that it uses NIST (National In stitute of Standards and Tech nology) ﬁ le and process stan dards, which allow free interchange of data with In terpol and other internation al agencies, when required. He said though 22 States in the country have their own ﬁ ngerprint data, nothing can match AMBIS. Balsing Rajput, SP (Cyber), says the State government has taken the software, de signing and technology from France and integrated it to suit our needs. He added that once the system comes into operation, the rate of convic tion will rise substantially from the present 34%. “The system has been developed with the help of IIT profes sors, experts in the CID and local police. More important ly, the system has been deve loped taking feedback of lo cal police station constables, who usually feed crime data online.”
Waves of grief engulf this Kanniyakumari ﬁ shing hamlet Several men have been lost to midsea collisions in the Tamil Nadu district, but compensation eludes them
10 gates of Telangana’s Kadem dam opened ADILABAD
As many as 10 gates of the Kadem dam in Nirmal district were lifted to a height of 10 ft. on Sunday to release 1.25 lakh cusecs of water into the Godavari, following heavy inflows. About 1 lakh cusecs of water is flowing into the reservoir, owing to heavy overnight rainfall.
Stock worth crores gutted in cotton godown VIJAYAWADA
Fire broke out in the NCML Cotton Godown at Peddakakani in Guntur district early on Sunday. No casualties had been reported but stock worth crores of rupees was reportedly reduced to ashes.
its men — S. Sahayaraj, 46, who died on the spot of the accident, and J. Sahayaraj, 36, who went missing along with eight others from the nearby Ramanthurai village. Maritime law requires a ship involved in a midsea collision to be detained im mediately upon identiﬁ ca tion, and allowed to pro ceed, subject to conditions, only after depositing a signif icant sum of money, as di rected by the court. In the Oceanic case, a ship has been identiﬁ ed and detained at the Mangalore Port, but police have been unable to conﬁ rm the same vessel was involved in the
P. Sudhakar Tirunelveli
The cab traverses a badly damaged 15feetwide road and enters the coastal ham let of Mulloorthurai about 40 km from Nagercoil, dis trict headquarters of the Kanniyakumari district. The tide roars just 50 metres away. Further down, the loud crying of women from a small house submerges the sound of thudding waves. When a ship rammed Oceanic, a mechanised ﬁ sh ing boat with a 14member crew, oﬀ Munambam in Ker ala in the early hours of Au gust 7, this family lost two of
mishap, although technolo gy enables the Directorate General of Shipping (DGS) to track vessels with accuracy. Missing at sea R. Yuganathan, 46, and A. Yakobu, 55, both from Ra manthurai, also died in the Oceanic incident. A. Edwin, 40, of Ramanthurai and Na rain Sarkar, 33, of West Ben gal were grievously injured, and are undergoing treat ment at a hospital at Ernaku lam. There has been no in formation on the nine missing men. D. Jesu Balan and his brothers D. Rajesh and D. Di nesh are among the missing.
Red alert as storm looms Extreme heavy rain warning for Idukki, Wayanad as low pressure forms in Bay Special Correspondent Kochi/Thiruvananthapuram
Emergency services in Kera la on Sunday remained on al ert for heavy rains and ﬂ ash ﬂ oods, as weathermen main tained a sharp lookout for the development of a fresh low pressure area in the Bay of Bengal. The State Disaster Man agement Authority has de clared a red alert in Idukki and Wayanad districts up to August 14 in the light of the extremely heavy rain warn ing issued by the weather of ﬁ ce. Alappuzha, Kannur, Er nakulam, Palakkad, Malap puram and Kozhikode have been put on red alert till Monday. One death was reported on Sunday in Palakkad, and ﬁ ve people are missing.
Pulling together: Soldiers clear the debris oﬀ a road in a ﬂ ood aﬀ ected area in Wayanad on Saturday. PTI *
More than 100,000 people displaced by ﬂ oods over the last four days have been shifted to 1,026 relief camps. As many as 243 houses have been destroyed and 4,392 damaged in the heavy rains lashing the eastern parts of the State. Crops on 1,513 hectares have been damaged, causing an esti
mated loss of 10.66 crore. The fourth shutter of the Idamalayar dam was opened on Sunday to stabilise the water level in the reservoir following intermittent heavy rains in the catchment areas. Wayanad continued to reel under ﬂ oods as the Kabani river overﬂ owed its banks, submerging vast tracts of
NIA arrests two Hyderabadi youth for links with IS
high seas are not properly monitored and the law is not enforced.”
land. The Kuttanad region al so experienced heavy water logging due to the combined eﬀ ect of tidal ﬂ ooding and the discharge from the Kakki dam. According to the midday weather report issued by the India Met Department on Sunday, a fresh low pressure area is very likely to form ov er northwest Bay of Bengal and neighbourhood during the next 24 hours under the inﬂ uence of a lingering cy clonic circulation over north coastal Odisha. The weather oﬃ ce has warned of heavy to very heavy rainfall at one or two places in Kerala on Mon day, followed by heavy rain on Tuesday. Fishermen are advised not to venture into the Southwest and Central Ara bian Sea.
Lost in sorrow: Relatives and family members of J. Shalu of Ramanthurai in Kanniyakumari district. A. SHAIKMOHIDEEN *
“The tragedy has virtually destroyed the family,” says Joseph, Jesu Balan’s uncle. Mr. Joseph’s son Shalu is also missing. Reverend Father Chur chill, general secretary of the South Asian Fishermen
Fraternity (SAFF), says, “In the past ﬁ ve years, more than 30 ﬁ shermen from the district have been killed or have gone missing in 15 simi lar midsea mishaps involv ing ships. This keeps hap pening because ships in the
Four cases The SAFF has taken four cas es involving midsea colli sions to court for compensa tion. Fr. Churchill adds that the district lost 164 ﬁ sher men to Cyclone Ockhi in De cember 2017. He also cites three other recent midsea mishaps. In one of the incidents, a ship collided with a boat oﬀ the coast of Kanniyakumari on January 30, 2018. Murugesan of Tharuvaik ulam in the Thoothukudi district died in the incident, his fellow ﬁ sher Nixon suf fered grievous injuries, and Nixon’s brother Justin is still missing.
In another case, a ship damaged a ﬁ shnet oﬀ the Colachel coast in Kanniyaku mari district, and although the ﬁ shermen took a photo graph of the vessel and a complaint was lodged with the Coastal Security Group police, no action was taken. In the third case of the re cent past, a mechanised boat from the Chinnathurai village suﬀ ered extensive damage in a midsea colli sion with a ship oﬀ Kerala's Veppur coast in March. “Though the ship in volved in the accident was detained on the orders of the Directorate General of Shipping at Goa, it was al lowed to go after 55 days without any action as the charges could not be proved,” Fr. Churchill says.
Parents of four had ﬁ led a divorce petition in a Hubballi court
Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra on Sunday suggested appointing graduates from specialised disciplines, other than law, in district courts to ensure speedy dispensation of justice. Speaking after inaugu rating a new court com plex here, Justice Misra said MBA graduates could be appointed as court managers and they could operate as facilitators of cases and plan the hearing of diﬀ erent cases so that justice could be dispensed swiftly. The High Court, in con sultation with the district judiciary and the State go vernment, needed to chalk out plans in this connec tion, he said.
Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra’s visit to Hubballi turned out to be a memorable occasion which will be cherished for long. Chief Justice Misra, who was here to inaugurate the new court complex, also oﬃ ciated at a Special Lok Adalat that disposed of a divorce petition and reunited a couple to the delight of their children and others on Sunday. The couple, Jagadish Shelagi and Parvati, who had ﬁ led a divorce petition, was presented before Chief Justice Misra with their four children. Chief Justice Misra spoke to Mr. Jagadish and Ms. Parvati of family values. He told them about the
CJI Dipak Misra distributing sweets to the family that was reunited at the special Lok Adalat in Hubballi. KIRAN BAKALE *
demerits of divorce and its impact on their children’s future. He said if the institution of family was weakened, it would have an adverse impact on society. He also advised them to give up the idea of separation and instead lead a quality
life that would be a model for their children and the future generation. The couple was convinced and withdrew the petition. Later, Chief Justice Misra distributed sweets to the couple and their children.
Incriminating material recovered from them, say police
Abhinay Deshpande Hyderabad
After questioning for almost a week, the National Investi gation Agency (NIA) on Sun day arrested two youths, in cluding a teenager from Hyderabad, for their alleged conspiracy to carry out terro rist acts in the country. The arrested persons were Mohammed Abdullah Basith, 24, from Hafeez Baba Nagar and Mohammed Abdul Qha deer, 19, of Chandrayangutta here. Oﬃ cials said that the accused were arrested to as certain details of the ongoing conspiracy and also their role in furthering the agenda of Islamic State (IS) in Hyderabad. On August 6, the NIA sleuths searched seven diﬀ e rent places in the city for leads in Abu Dhabi terror
module of Islamic State bust ed in 2016 and since then had questioned more than a do zen youths at their Begumpet oﬃ ce here. “Initial question ing has brought out the invol vement of Basith, Qhadeer and other associates, who had pledged their allegiance to the proscribed terrorist or ganisation IS to carry out ter ror activities in the country,” oﬃ cials of the investigation agency said. On January 28, 2016, the NIA, New Delhi registered a case against Sheikh Azhar ul Islam, Mohammed Farhan Shaikh and Adnan Hassan on the charge that the trio and their other unknown asso ciates were members of IS and were involved in a con spiracy to identify, motivate, radicalise, recruit and train Indian Muslim youth on be
half of the proscribed outﬁ t to carry out terror activities. All the three were subse quently arrested by NIA at Delhi Airport after they were deported from the UAE on India’s request. After com pletion of investigation, the NIA ﬁ led chargesheet against the three on July 25, 2016. During trial, Sheikh Azhar ul Islam and Mohammed Far han Shaikh pleaded guilty and were sentenced to seven years of imprisonment, while trial against the ac cused Adnan Hassan is still going on. The NIA oﬃ cials believe that the duo from Hyderabad have been in touch Adnan Hassan. Further investiga tion was also continued against other accused per sons, an oﬃ cial said.
A new ﬁ eld: College students participating in paddy transplantation on a ﬁ eld in Belma village near Konaje in Mangaluru on Sunday. H.S. MANJUNATH *
A defence against moving herds Forest Dept.’s WhatsApp group goes a long way in reducing human deaths R. Krishna Kumar MYSURU
Like many of us, Deputy Range Forest Oﬃ cer K.M. Devaiah scans his WhatsApp messages every morning. And, they trigger him into in stant action. Far from being ‘good morning’ messages, these are SOS from estate workers and owners in Am mathi range of Virajpet for est division in Kodagu dis trict seeking his help to clear a wild herd of elephants from their terrain. A routine act initiated among the Forest Depart ment staﬀ at the beat level, has become the ﬁ rst line of defence for people facing the brunt of conﬂ ict with ele phants in the coﬀ ee planta tions of Kodagu. A WhatsApp group launched by Mr. Devaiah in 2016, with eight guards as CM YK
Elephants in an estate in Kodagu.
members of the group, shar ing information on elephant herds, has expanded and is now christened ‘Rapid Res ponse Team’. Most popular interface It has now become the most popular interface between the people and the depart ment in tracking the move ment of elephants in the es
tates around Ammathi. “Ever since the WhatsApp group was launched, we have been on our toes fol lowing the herds wherever they are. Our very presence is an indication to the local community that the herds are not far oﬀ and they be come more alert and cau tious,” said Mr. Devaiah. With almost half a dozen
alerts received daily, Mr. De vaiah and his team map the areas of elephant presence and this information is passed on to all stakehol ders, who take precaution ary measures to stay safe. A senior forest oﬃ cial said it is a small initiative that has made a big diﬀ erence at the ground level by minimising human deaths. Between 2011 and 2016 there were about 8 to 10 human deaths reported every year. But in 2017, the number of human deaths was down to one or two and there have been none so far in 2018, the oﬃ cial added. However, the authorities admit that in the perception of the public, the larger issue — of the presence of ele phants in plantations and es tates and threat posed by them — remain, and this is only a temporary reprieve.
Family of 6 ostracised over land dispute in Telangana village Community elders impose ﬁ ne on villagers who talk to them K.M. Dayashankar JAGTIAL
A land dispute between members of a community has allegedly led to ostracis ing of a sixmember family at Telangana’s Banda Linga pur village in Metpally man dal, around 50 km from Jag tial district headquarters. The victim, Kandari Ven kat Reddy, belonging to Gu deti Kapu community, said the dispute was over his 1.32 acres. Though he owns the land, the dispute began over its borders with Baddam Ko tesh and Sama Venkatnar saiah. Despite the matter being in court, the village elders belonging to Godeti Kapu Sangham organised a pan chayat and instructed him to hand over the land to the
Kandari Venkat Reddy and his family members. *
two persons belonging to the same community or pay a ﬁ ne of ₹ 1.5 lakh to the Sangham. When he refused to pay the ﬁ ne, the village el ders ostracised his family. Besides, the village elders started imposing ﬁ ne rang ing from ₹ 10,000 to ₹ 30,000 on those who speak to Mr. Venkat Reddy and his family. Sathyamma, Venkat Reddy’s sister, was imposed a ﬁ ne of ₹ 30,000
for speaking to the family. Unable to bear the harsh treatment being meted out to them, Mr. Venkat Reddy and his family members have left the village. His son Bhaveen and daughter Vasudeepika have stopped going to school. Mr. Venkat Reddy has been running from pillar to post seeking justice, and has even approached Korutla le gislator K. Vidyasagar Rao, TRS leaders, police oﬃ cials and others, but in vain. Metpally Inspector B. Sri nivas Reddy said that in spite of being urged to lodge a complaint under the PCR Act against his community leaders, the victim was not doing so. “And only when he ﬁ les a complaint, can we take action,” he added.
AICC president Rahul Gandhi is all set to kick start his party’s poll cam paign in Telangana on Monday, months ahead of the election notiﬁ cation, according to the elaborate programmes chalked out by the State Congress leadership. About 14 months after Mr. Gandhi addressed a pu blic meeting on June 1 last year in Sangareddy, his twoday visit to the city and parts of Ranga Reddy district is seen as a clear at tempt to enthuse the party men to get into the poll mode and carry the mo mentum till the election. Going by the series of programmes ﬁ nalised by the TPCC, Mr. Gandhi would interact with select self help group members, industrialists and students, besides addressing a public meeting in Serilingampally constituency. The party, which suf fered debacle in the twin cities and neighbouring Ranga Reddy district in the 2014 general election, now seems to be focussed on wooing the voters from Andhra/Rayalaseema re gions of Andhra Pradesh settled in several parts of the State capital. Mr. Gand hi’s segmentspeciﬁ c inte raction is also a strategy to make inroads into these sections, which could in ﬂ uence the outcome of the next polls. The party is banking heavily on the Serilingam pally meeting which it feels would turn the tide in its favour. Senior leaders admitted that the party paid a huge price for bifurcation of the State with even diehard supporters from coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema regions residing here pre ferring to vote for other parties. A ND-NDE
A kanwaria, who was returning to Meerut after collecting holy water from Haridwar, went missing after reaching Muzaffarnagar, the police said on Sunday. They claimed that Preminder, a resident of Meerut, had gone to Haridwar as part of a Kanwar yatra. On his way back, he went missing from Muzaffarnagar on August 6. PTI
Vaishno Devi pilgrim commits suicide JAMMU
Two couples allegedly committed suicide by jumping in front of trains in Rajasthan’s Sikar and Jalore districts apparently over their failed love affair, the police said on Sunday. In Sikar district, Pawan Kumar Meena (27) and Seema Meena (20) jumped in front of a freight train. In Jalore district, Satish Mali (18) and Aarti Sain (18) jumped in front of the GandhidhamJodhpur Express train.PTI
Woman beaten to death over dowry in U.P. MUZAFFARNAGAR
A woman was beaten to death allegedly by her inlaws and husband over dowry at a village in Shamli district, the police said on Sunday. The woman’s husband and mother-in-law were arrested. Her body has been sent for post-mortem.PTI
Rainfall, temperature & air quality in select metros yesterday
Two couples commit suicide in Rajasthan
Kanwaria goes missing while returning home
A 26-year-old pilgrim from Jharkhand on Sunday allegedly committed suicide by hanging at Katra, the base camp for the Vaishno Devi yatra, in Reasi district of Jammu and Kashmir, the police said. Vivek Lohia, resident of Jodhadih More, Bokaro, was found hanging from the ceiling fan of his hotel room. PTI
One more from Odisha dies in A.P. quarry blast
Awaiting ‘good days’: Commuters wade through a railway underpass, where posters of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath are pasted, following heavy rain in Allahabad on Sunday. AP *
Man nabbed for eve-teasing ends life at M.P. police station
Don’t remain mute spectator to street violence: Assam DGP pRESS TRUST OF iNDIA Guwahati
Relatives allege that he was beaten to death in custody Press Trust of India Dhar (M.P.),
A man who was brought to the Bagh police station in Madhya Pradesh’s Dhar dis trict in connection with an eveteasing case, allegedly hung himself in the bath room there, the police said on Sunday. The man’s uncle, howev er, claimed that he died after being beaten by the police. Teasing allegation Superintendent of Police Vi rendra Singh said Sohaib Khan (22) was brought to the
police station on Saturday evening after a girl alleged that she was teased by him. “The man hung himself in the bathroom on Saturday evening. We took him to Bar wani hospital where he died while undergoing treat ment,” the police oﬃ cer said. Cops suspended He said Bagh police station incharge Kamal Singh Pa war and constable Mangilal Goyal have been suspended after the incident. Salim Pathan, the uncle of
the deceased, however, al leged that it was a case of murder. He claimed that pol ice personnel had beaten So haib to death and demanded that they be booked on the charge of murder. People protest Once the news of the inci dent spread, several people gathered at the police sta tion and staged a protest. The SP said an inquiry had been instituted into Khan’s death and further ac tion would depend on the ﬁ ndings of the inquiry team.
The death toll of Odia la bourers killed in the blast at a stone quarry in Kur nool district of Andhra Pra desh on August 3 has risen to six. All the six were migrant labourers from Rambha block of Ganjam district. According to sources, Ram Chandra Nahak (50) of Bandhatala Nuagaon died at King George Hospital in Visakhapatnam on Satur day night. Four persons from Bandha Tali Nuagaon, who were working as migrant labourers, died in the stone quarry blast in Kurnool. The other deceased from the village were Duryod han Nahak (42), Manoran jan Nahak (22) and Pandav Lenka (40). Bhima Nahak (30) of Radhagovindpur and Rajendra Nahak (40) of Diandein village had also died because of this blast.
People should not remain mute spectators to incidents of street violence but take proactive steps to stop it, As sam Director General of Pol ice Kuladhar Saikia has said. ‘Spills over to home’ The violence does not re main conﬁ ned to the street but spills over to one’s home if a person continues to re main a mute spectator, the DGP said in his address at the Fourth Yamin Hazarika Woman of Substance Award, conferred on noted wildlife activist Purnima De vi Barman here on Saturday. If people become im
mune to violence and do nothing to stop it, it will trickle to one’s home with children assuming that there was nothing wrong with the situation, he said. In this context, the DGP also stressed on instilling the right values in the youn ger generation. Nurturing a child Stating that it takes an entire community to nurture and bring up a child, Mr. Saikia said, “There is a saying in China that it takes a village to bring up a child. Earlier it was followed in our society too but unfortunately in re cent times it is not so, lead ing to many problems.”
Temperature Data: IMD, Pollution Data: CPCB, Map: INSAT/IMD (Taken at 17.30 Hrs)
Forecast for Monday: Heavy to very heavy rain likely at isolated places over Odisha, Uttrakhand, Telangana, coastal and interior Karnataka, Kerala, Gangetic West Bengal, Jharkhand, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, coastal Andhra Pradesh, Konkan and central Maharashtra city rain max min Agartala...............0.1.... 33.0.... 26.4 Ahmedabad............ —.... 33.6.... 25.4 Aizwal ..................21.... 29.8.... 12.5 Allahabad ..........37.7.... 30.9.... 25.6 Bengaluru ............0.6.... 24.6.... 20.2 Bhopal................... —.... 30.3.... 23.8 Bhubaneswar .......1.8.... 33.3.... 26.0 Chandigarh ...........34.... 31.2.... 25.1 Chennai ...............4.1.... 31.7.... 24.0 Coimbatore............ —.... 29.7.... 22.4 Dehradun..............26.... 28.5.... 24.2 Gangtok...............1.9.... 22.4.... 18.0 Goa ...................17.9.... 27.6.... 24.0 Guwahati .............0.1.... 34.7.... 26.2 Hubballi................. —.... 22.0.... 21.0 Hyderabad .........22.8.... 27.0.... 21.5 Imphal...............30.6.... 28.1.... 21.6 Jaipur .................... —.... 32.0.... 25.6 Kochi......................3.... 29.2.... 23.6 Kohima..............54.2.... 26.7.... 18.0 Kolkata................1.5.... 34.8.... 27.9
In observation made at 4.00 p.m., Patna, Bihar recorded an overall air quality index (AQI) score of 133 indicating a moderate level of pollution. In contrast, Thane, Maharashtra recorded a healthy AQI score of 29
Air Quality Code: * Poor * Moderate * Good (Readings indicate average AQI) SO2: Sulphur Dioxide. Short-term exposure can harm the respiratory system, making breathing difficult. It can affect visibility by reacting with other air particles to form haze and stain culturally important objects such as statues and monuments. NO2: Nitrogen Dioxide. Aggravates respiratory illness, causes haze to form by reacting with other air particles, causes acid rain, pollutes coastal waters. CO: Carbon monoxide. High concentration in air reduces oxygen supply to critical organs like the heart and brain. At very high levels, it can cause dizziness, confusion, unconsciousness and even death. PM2.5 & PM10: Particulate matter pollution can cause irritation of the eyes, nose and throat, coughing, chest tightness and shortness of breath, reduced lung function, irregular heartbeat, asthma attacks, heart attacks and premature death in people with heart or lung disease
ISRO set to launch its TV channel Space agency to promote scientiﬁ c temper in country
‘Air India grounded 19 aircraft for lack of spares’
Children living in jails worries SC Panel to be formed to study their plight Legal Correspondent
Debtladen Air India has grounded as many as 19 aircraft, including nine Airbus A321, for want of spares, resulting in a significant loss of revenue besides flight cancellations, one of its pilots’ bodies has alleged. “Almost 23% of the Air India fleet is grounded for lack of spares,” the ICPA said. PTI
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will have an yearlong Vikram Sarab hai centenary celebration starting in August 2019 to ho nour the visionary scientist and legendary founding father. In a few months’ time, it plans to roll out a dedicated ISRO TV channel, showcas ing space applications, deve lopments and science issues, targeting young viewers and people in remote areas in their language.
A committee headed by a re tired judge of the Supreme Court will be formed to tack le the issue of children living in prisons merely because their mothers are convicts. A Bench of Justices Ma dan B. Lokur and Deepak Gupta has directed the go vernment to form a panel headed by a former apex court judge, assisted by two or three Central govern ment oﬃ cers, to study the problems of mothers and children living inside pri sons. AttorneyGeneral K.K. Venugopal, for the Centre, agreed with the court’s view. The order came after Su preme Court’s amicus cu riae and advocate Gaurav Agarwal submitted a report showing that there were 18 jails exclusively for women. Plus there are separate areas for women in other jails, but there is a huge lack of space for women in mates. He said these jails were not modelled to house women inmates, especially those with minor children staying with them. The committee would al so look into what reforms could be introduced within the prison walls. The court said the Centre should issue a notiﬁ cation on the setting up of the com
Hardcore Naxalite arrested in Jharkhand DEHRI-ON-SONE
A hardcore Naxalite was arrested in the Palamu district of Jharkhand during a raid carried out on Saturday, the police said on Sunday. Tritiya Prastuti Committee area commander Ajay Rajbhar alias Surendra Rai was wanted in more than a dozen cases, they added. PTI
Woman gang-raped in J&K’s Reasi JAMMU
A 19yearold woman was allegedly abducted and raped by two men, following which it is suspected that she committed suicide by jumping into the Chenab river in Jammu and Kashmir’s Reasi district, a police official said on Sunday. The woman’s father had lodged a missing complaint for his daughter on July 24, he said. PTI
Seven minor members of family killed in accident
Series of events Sarabhai, the architect of the Indian space programme, the ﬁ rst ISRO chief and re nowned cosmic ray scientist, was born on August 12, 1919. ISRO’s tributes to Sarabhai start with naming the ﬁ rst In dian moon landing space craft of the Chandrayaan2 mission ‘Vikram’. The mis sion is planned for early 2019. A chair each at Sarabhai's two alma maters, Cambridge University and Gujarat Un iversity, as also at the Massa chusetts Institute of Technol ogy (MIT), would be set up, apart from giving awards, scholarships and fellowships in the country and abroad, ISRO Chairman K. Sivan said at a news conference on Sun
day, the 99th birthday of the legend. Sarabhai was only 28 when he sowed the seeds of a space agency around the late 1940s and 1950s. “We have planned an yearlong centenary of the visionary architect of the space pro gramme and our ﬁ rst Chair man, Dr. Sarabhai, during 201920. A series of activities will be organised nationally and internationally to com memorate the great interna tional scientist,” Dr. Sivan said. The events are being ta ken up with an initial outlay of ₹ 50 crore. Earlier, former Chairman of ISRO K. Kasturirangan un veiled a new bust of Sarabhai at the remodelled atrium of
the ISRO headquarters, An tariksh Bhavan. Dr. Sivan said 100 lectures by science luminaries would be held across the country and in association with the International Astronautical Federation, the global space networking body. Space clubs, knowledge centres and talk shows are also among the plans. Public satellite launches As it strengthens its public outreach, ISRO will shortly start allowing the public to watch satellite launches from its Sriharikota launch centre. “We are opening our space port to visitors just as NASA (the U.S.’ National Aeronauti cal and Space Administra tion) does,” Dr. Sivan said.
Small launcher will have a big impact Madhumathi D.S. BENGALURU
A small Indian satellite launch vehicle that was made in three days by a handful of people at about 10% of current costs looks set to revolutionise the glo bal satellite launch industry. The SSLV (small satellite launch vehicle) is being de veloped at a furious pace at ISRO’s Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre. The SSLV will be an ondemand rocket for small satellites weighing about 500700 kg. It will be autonomous and highly in
telligent, versatile and capa ble of adapting to diﬀ erent launch situations and re quirements. Its ﬁ rst test launch is planned for mid2019. Once proven, the SSLV’s produc tion would be oﬀ ered to in dustry through Antrix Cor poration, according to ISRO Chairman K. Sivan. The SSLV is said to be Dr. Sivan’s dream concept for a quickresponse space vehi cle, and the project was in itiated when he was the Di rector of the VSSC until January this year.
The committee would look into what reforms could be introduced.
mittee, highlighting the im portance of prison reforms and the fundamental right to life and dignity of the prisoners. The court ordered train ing manuals to be circulated to the DirectorsGeneral of Prisons and Secretaries of Prison Department in each State government/ Union Territory and also to three training institutes, that is, Institute of Corrections Ad ministration, Chandigarh; Regional Institute of Correc tional Administration, Kol kata; and Academy of Pri son and Correctional Administration, Vellore. The court advised the Centre that criminals sen tenced to imprisonment for six months or a year should be allocated social service duties rather than be sent to further choke the already overﬂ owing prisons.
Seven members of a family, all minors, were killed when their car fell into a ditch in Gujarat’s Panchmahal district. The incident happened around midnight on Saturday when one of the rear wheels of the car, carrying 10 people, came off at a sharp turn on the HalolBodeli Road, near Bhat village. Locals managed to rescue three people. PTI
At least 23 children, aged between two and ten years, were branded with hot irons at a village in Papadahandi block of Odisha’s Nabarangpur district on Saturday. Locals believe that the ritual, held on Chitau Amavasya, will keep children safe from stomach ailments and other diseases during the monsoon season.
BSP MLA claims threat to life from Dawood LUCKNOW
Claiming threat to his life from underworld don Dawood Ibrahim, BSP MLA from Ballia Uma Shankar Singh has lodged a complaint with the police here on Sunday. The police are probing the case. PTI
3 held for stopping man from offering namaz BAGHPAT
A Muslim man, who took part in Kanwar yatra, was allegedly stopped from offering namaz at a mosque here in Uttar Pradesh, prompting the police to arrest three persons in this regard. Babu Khan, a resident of Racharh village, alleged that he was also beaten up. PTI
6 sailors recall their historic voyage around the globe
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus in Mumbai illuminated with golden lights on Sunday to commemorate 70 years of independent India’s ﬁ rst Olympic gold medal. On August 12, 1948, the Indian hockey team, led by Kishan Lal, an Indian Railways employee, won gold at the London Olympics. Another employee, Leslie Claudius, was also in the team. ARUNANGSU ROY CHOWDHURY *
The Wildlife Society of Orissa, an environmental pressure group, has alleged that barri cades for plantation projects pose a threat to movement of wildlife, especially elephants,
in the State. “To protect these large plantations sites, artiﬁ cial bar ricades like barbed wire fence and in some cases even stone rubble walls are being pro posed which are a big impedi ment to free movement of wild
animals,” said Biswajit Mohan ty, WSO secretary. “The barbed wire fence is a threat to wild animals as there is possi bility of them getting stuck or seriously injured if they run in to them while being chased by predators or hunters,” he said.
Earlier the Forest Depart ment used to set up green fences comprising bamboo and ‘Amari’ “We wonder why this cannot be done now to protect plantations instead of setting up barbed wires and stone rubble walls,” he said.
“Most of the crew belong to the mountainous parts of the country and before we joined the Navy, we had not stepped on a boat or taken a boat into water,” said Lt. Cdr. Vartika Joshi, skipper of the six member allwomen team which circumnavigated the globe in the sailing vessel INSV Tarini early this year. She was speaking at a fel icitation ceremony on Sun day, jointly organised by Ex im Bank and the Nehru Memorial Museum and Li brary here. “My biggest chal lenge as the captain of the team was to keep my emo tional balance and keep the team intact to ﬁ nish the jour ney,” Lt. Cdr. Joshi said. This is the ﬁ rstever In dian circumnavigation of the globe by an allwomen crew. Titled Navika Sagar Parikrama, the voyage began from Goa in the ﬁ rst week of September last year and cul minated in May this year. During the 254daylong voyage, the six oﬃ cers co vered about 22,000 nautical miles, visiting ﬁ ve countries — Australia, New Zealand,
Arduous journey: The crew encountered rough seas and extreme cold on numerous occasions . SHIV KUMAR PUSHPAKAR *
Falkland Islands (U.K.), South Africa and Mauritius. Apart from the Captain, Lt. Cdr. Joshi, the team included oﬃ cers, Pratibha Jamwal, Aishwarya Boddapati, Pata rapalli Swathi, Vijaya Devi and Payal Gupta. During the voyage, the crew encountered rough seas on numerous occa sions, in addition to extreme cold conditions. Not without hitches Apart from the challenges, Lt. Cdr. Joshi recalled the memorable sights that na ture had on oﬀ er. In the se cond leg, they were some times stranded due to lack of winds but then, she said, “There was one night when we stepped out on the deck and saw green lights, the Southern Lights (Aurora Australis).”
However, the voyage wasn’t without hitches. After Cape Town, the team was to head to India. But a steering compartment broke, forcing INSV Tarini to head to Port Loius in Mauritius. “One morning, there was a loud notice in our steering compartment. The rudder had shifted from its position and broken the steering compartment. There is no redundancy for steering. So we had to repair it. We could not ask for help as it would be against the rules of cir cumnavigation,” said Lt. Cdr. Jamwal. They headed to Mauritius, where a team from India repaired the boat. From there, the team of sailors headed to India. During the eightmonth voyage, the team also col lected meteorological and ocean data.
Oppn. sees BJP leaders’ role in groundnut scam Gujarat police arrest 30, including four senior employees of coop. institutions Mahesh Langa AHMEDABAD
As Gujarat’s groundnut pur chase scam unfolds, it brings to the fore the alleged role of local BJP leaders in the Saurashtra re gion, where the police have al ready arrested 30 people, in cluding four senior employees of cooperative institutions. CM worried Insiders in the government claim that Chief Minister Vijay Rupani appears worried over the fallout of the scam, involv ing alleged irregularities and ﬁ nancial wrongdoing in ground nut purchase worth ₹ 4,000 crore at Minimum Support Price (MSP) from farmers. The irregularities include purchasing low quality ground nut, adulterating groundnut by mixing soil, mud and sand in sacks and setting warehouses on ﬁ re where the stock was CM YK
stored. According to police oﬃ cials, in each sack of 35 kg, more than 10 kg of mud and sand was mixed, while the same quantity of groundnut was re moved and sold to millers in systemic fraud. This is how the scam was car ried out — a coterie comprising oﬃ cials of the National Agricul tural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India (NAFED) and the Gujarat State CoOpera tive Cotton Federation Limited (GUJCOT), along with local pol iticians and middlemen, alleg edly stole and sold oﬀ the groundnut procured from farm ers to oil millers. Stocks adulterated The stocks of groundnut were then adulterated with sand and pebbles to show that there was no loss of weight after ground nut was illegally sold oﬀ to oil mills in the region.
The groundnut stocks were ﬁ rst adulterated with sand and pebbles, then stored in warehouses and later set on ﬁ re.
Moreover, there have been four instances of ﬁ res in the past six months in warehouses where these stocks were kept. Investigators believe it to be an attempt to coverup the adulter ation. Around ₹ 50.45 crore worth of groundnut was des troyed in the ﬁ res. The entire scam got exposed when 31,500 sacks, each con taining 35 kg of groundnut, were found to contain huge quantity of pebbles and sand in a private warehouse, where the
bags were stored after procure ment. These bags were kept by the NAFED in a private warehouse in Pedhla village of Rajkot dis trict. Subsequently, the police have unearthed a racket to adulterate bags of groundnut in Junagadh district and other places. Ex-Minister’s role alleged “There is direct involvement of the then Agriculture Minister Chiman Saparia because his
Jamjodhpur Cooperative pur chased groundnut, which was found mixed with mud and sand,” said Leader of Opposi tion Paresh Dhanani, who has been campaigning in Saurash tra districts to expose the role of members associated with the ruling party. Mr. Dhanani alleged that the former BJP Minister is being shielded by the State authori ties and the police, who, he claimed, are arresting only smalltime foot soldiers, leaving out senior politicians of the rul ing party. Among those arrested by the police include Magan Zalavadi ya, warehousing manager of the Gujarat State CoOperative Cot ton Federation Limited (GUJ COT), for allegedly colluding with the members of a coopera tive society of Junagadh in adul terating groundnut. The investigators have found transactions worth several crores in Mr. Zalavadia’s ac counts when the procurement season was under way last year. A ND-NDE
Undoing a legacy of injustice BCCI revamp The Supreme Court has been pragmatic in tweaking the Lodha norms on running cricket
A complicated man V.S. Naipaul was among the greatest and most provocative writers of our times
idiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul, who passed away at his London home on August 11 just six days short of his 86th birthday, will continue to chal lenge his readers and critics after death as he did in a writing career spanning more than ﬁ ve decades. It’s the way with great writers, and Naipaul’s claim to being among the greatest of them was settled long before he won the Nobel prize in 2001 — but he deﬁ ed simple ap praisals more than anybody else. To read Naipaul, to lis ten to him, to follow his life story, was to be perpetually nudged to reassess not just him, but also his subject matter and one’s own view of the world. He once said, “All my work is really one. I am writing one big book.” In that big book, he kept pushing back the chronologi cal beginnings to understand how colonialism and mi gration shaped the modern world, and travelling ever wider to examine how postcolonial societies shape shifted. It was an endeavour that started, and never veered too far, from his own biography. Born in Trini dad to parents of Indian origin, whose forebears had come to the West Indies as indentured labour, Naipaul was consumed by one ambition: to be a writer. It was, in large measure, acquired from his father, a journalist in Port of Spain struggling with the needs and bickering of a sprawling family and the lack of intellectual where withal to realise his dream. His father’s story would in spire Naipaul’s A House for Mr Biswas (1961), part of an earlylife burst of brilliant ﬁ ction that began with Miguel Street, written when he was just out of Oxford Universi ty, and concluded in 1979 with A Bend in the River. It was Naipaul’s travels, however, that spanned the greater part of his writing life as he crafted his own way of seeing the world. He said in his Nobel lecture that as a child in Trinidad he felt himself “surrounded by areas of darkness”, and these became his subjects. He tra velled across continents, always with a theme in mind. He opened up lines of inquiry on identity and progress. His unsparing eye and spare, clear prose ensured that readers could not unsee what he saw, whether they were in agreement or not. He was criticised for depict ing the developing world through an imperial ﬁ lter; he was accused of Islamophobia in his travels in Muslim countries; he raised hackles with his India trilogy — An Area of Darkness (1964), A Wounded Civilisation (1977), A Million Mutinies Now (1990). But he presciently book marked the debates that coming events would spark. There was deﬁ nitely lowgrade bigotry at play, and mis ogyny, too. Naipaul’s writings are too important to be overlooked on account of his intolerance; equally, his opinions cannot be excused while understanding his literary legacy. CM YK
n 1871, the colonial regime passed the notorious Criminal Tribes Act. This law was based upon the racist British belief that in India there were entire groups and communities that were crimi nal by birth, nature, and occupa tion. The Act unleashed a reign of terror, with its systems of surveil lance, police reporting, the sepa ration of families, detention camps, and forced labour. More then six decades after indepen dent India repealed the Act, the “denotiﬁ ed tribes” continue to suﬀ er from stigma and systemic disadvantage.
Instance of dehumanisation The Act was one strand of a web of colonial laws that dehumanised communities and ways of life. The colonial administrators were par ticularly concerned about nomad ic and itinerant communities, which by virtue of their move ments and lifestyle were diﬃ cult to track, surveil, control, and tax. Through laws such as the Criminal Tribes Act, and other legal wea pons such as vagrancy laws, the re gime attempted to destroy these patterns of life, by using criminal laws to coerce communities into settlements and subjecting them to forced labour. Independence brought with it many changes, but also much con tinuity. Despite the birth of a Con stitution that promised liberty, equality, fraternity, and dignity to all, independent India’s rulers continued to replicate colonial log ic in framing laws for the new re public. They continued to treat in dividuals as subjects to be
The minutiae What does the Begging Act do? It criminalises begging. It gives the police the power to arrest indivi duals without a warrant. It gives magistrates the power to commit them to a “certiﬁ ed institution” (read: a detention centre) for up to three years on the commission of the ﬁ rst “oﬀ ence”, and up to 10 years upon the second “oﬀ ence”. Before that, it strips them of their privacy and dignity by compelling them to allow themselves to be ﬁ n gerprinted. The Act also authoris es the detention of people “depen dant” upon the “beggar” (read: family), and the separation of chil dren over the age of ﬁ ve. Certiﬁ ed institutions have absolute power over detainees, including the pow er of punishment, and the power to exact “manual work”. Disobey ing the rules of the institution can land an individual in jail. From its ﬁ rst word to the last, the Begging Act reﬂ ects a vicious logic. First, there is the deﬁ nition of “begging”. The Act deﬁ nes it to include “soliciting or receiving alms, in a public place whether or not under any pretence such as singing, dancing, fortune telling, performing or oﬀ ering any article for sale” and “having no visible means of subsistence and wander ing about or remaining in any pu blic place in such condition or manner, as makes it likely that the person doing so exist soliciting or
receiving alms.” Not only do these vague deﬁ ni tions give unchecked power to the police to harass citizens but they also reveal the prejudices underly ing the law. The pointed reference to “singing, dancing, fortune tell ing, performing or oﬀ ering any ar ticle for sale” makes it clear that the purpose of the Act is not simp ly to criminalise the act of begging (as commonly understood), but to target groups and communities whose itinerant patterns of life do not ﬁ t within mainstream stereo types of the sedentary, lawabid ing citizen with a settled job. And the reference to “no visible means of subsistence and wandering about” punishes people for the crime of looking poor — but it also reﬂ ects the lawmakers’ desire to erase from public spaces people who look or act diﬀ erently, and whose presence is perceived to be a bother and a nuisance. The Beg ging Act encodes into law the vi cious prejudice that recently saw a prominent institution putting up spikes outside its Mumbai branch, to deter rough sleeping (they were removed after public outrage). Once individuals fall within its clutches, the Begging Act eﬀ ective ly renders them invisible, by con ﬁ ning them to “certiﬁ ed institu tions” after a truncated, summary judicial procedure. Like the poor houses of 19th century Europe, it
is based on a philosophy of ﬁ rst criminalising poverty, and then making it invisible by physically removing “oﬀ enders” from public spaces. Eﬀ ectively, it places a cor don sanitaire around the poor and the “undesirable”, keeping them from accessing spaces reserved for the use of “respectable” citizens. For these people, the constitution al guarantees of pluralism and in clusiveness do not exist. The authorities have not hesi tated to use the Begging Act as a weapon. Just before the 2010 Com monwealth Games, the Delhi go vernment was engaged in comb ing operations to take beggars oﬀ the street, lest their presence em barrass the nation in the eyes of fo reigners. Such operations are also a regular part of preparing for na tional events, such as Indepen dence Day and Republic Day. The judicial view In its judgment delivered last week (Harsh Mander v. Union of India and Karnika Sawhney v. Union of India), a Bench of the Delhi High Court presided over by the Chief Justice, held that the Begging Act violated Article 14 (equality before law) and Article 21 (right to life and personal liberty) of the Constitu tion. In oral argument, the govern ment conceded that it did not in tend to criminalise “involuntary” begging. The High Court noted, however, that the deﬁ nition of begging under the Act made no such distinction, and was there fore entirely arbitrary. More im portantly, it also held that under Article 21 of the Constitution, it was the state’s responsibility to provide the basic necessities for survival — food, clothing, shelter — to all its citizens. Poverty was the result of the state’s inability — or unwillingness — to discharge these obligations. Therefore, the state could not turn around and crimi nalise the most visible and public
manifestation of its own failures — and indeed, penalise people who were doing nothing more than communicating the reality of their situation to the public. The Delhi High Court’s judg ment marks a crucial step forward in dismantling one of the most vi cious and enduring legacies of co lonialism. It is as signiﬁ cant and important as a judgment delivered by the same court more than nine years ago, when it decriminalised homosexuality (Naz Foundation v. NCT of Delhi). It is perhaps ﬁ tting that this judgment comes just a few days before the Supreme Court is likely to vindicate Naz Foundation after a 10year legal battle. Both Naz Foundation and Harsh Mander recognise that our Constitution is a transformative Constitution, which seeks to undo legacies of injustice and lift up all individuals and communities to the plane of equal citizenship. However, it remains only one step forward. Hopefully, other High Courts will follow suit and the constitutionality of vagrancy laws as well as other provisions in the Indian Penal Code that crimi nalise status will also be called into question. Nonetheless, it is impor tant to remember one thing: a court can strike down an unconsti tutional law, but it cannot reform society. Poverty — as the Chief Jus tice recognised in her judgment — is a systemic and structural pro blem. The Delhi High Court has done its job in striking down a vi cious law that criminalised pover ty. But it is the task of the Legisla tive Assembly and the government to replace the punitive structure of the (now defunct) Begging Act with a new set of measures that ge nuinely focusses on the rehabilita tion and integration of the most vulnerable and marginalised members of our society. Gautam Bhatia is a Delhi-based lawyer
The inexorable wheels of justice India’s legal history is replete with interesting cases of religious faith versus the law
he recent hearings in the Su preme Court relating to the Sabarimala case have turned the spotlight on the status of reli gious faith in a system governed by the rule of law and the Constitu tion. Any attention bestowed on such discussions by a person of faith and belief appears to leave the observer with an uneasy feel ing that the Constitution is the prime suspect in these proceed ings. It leaves him with the uncom fortable thought that from the time of the advent of the Constitu tion, no religious practice has been safe in a system of Constitu tioncontrolled governance. Noth ing could be farther from the truth. The clash between religious faith and the law is not of recent origin and it would be unfair to lay the blame at the doorstep of the Constitution. On the other con trary, it is an inevitable conse quence of human evolution. For centuries, religious faith and the principles it enunciated were the “law” that regulated so
ciety. But in a democracy with the Constitution as a guiding force, it is natural that the new order would challenge the old, and the litigative battles that we see in court today are the struggles bet ween that old order and the new in the path of human evolution. This is, however, not to say that the struggle between the law and religious faith did not exist before the Constitution came into exis tence. There were people who as serted the supremacy of the law over religious belief even in the preConstitution days. One such example was the “Tirupathi Ma hant case” in the Madras High Court. The Tirupathi case Its facts are as follows. The East In dia Company, till the middle of the 19th century, oversaw the manage ment and administration of the properties of the deity, Venkates wara or Srinivasa (or Balaji). After the Madras Regulation of 1817 was passed, the temple came under the Board of Revenue which su pervised it through the District Collector. However, a movement in England (around 1840) disap proved a Christian company (the East India Company) administer ing Hindu and Muslim religious in stitutions. Consequently, the ad ministrative reform management
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Woeful neglect One cannot ﬁ ght nature — as the vigorous monsoon shows — but at the same time one cannot help ponder over the colossal waste of river water in the southern States. Most of the southern States are in dispute with each other over the sharing of river water but seem to be doing precious little in ensuring water management (“At this time of plenty, a sense of déjà vu”, August 12). Going by the data cited, perhaps this is the time the issue of the interlinking of rivers must be thought of.
A. Jainulabdeen, Chennai
Indian aid There may be a steep decline in Indian aid to other SAARC nations but how can we ignore the ﬁ nancial might of China? Beijing is leveraging this huge advantage to boost its regional inﬂ uence. The Hambantota port (Sri Lanka), a part of the Belt and Road Initiative in Pakistan, major investments in Nepal and other moves in the Maldives and the Indian Ocean Region cannot be missed. India needs to factor this in. Jelvin Jose,
Kunnappilly, Thrissur, Kerala
As a country, we appear to lack foresight as far as water management is concerned. It is a shame that the rain bounty this year has been allowed to ﬂ ow unchecked into the sea. A national policy should be drawn up
of the temple was handed over to a mahant who, as the head of that mutt, had his headquarters in Ti rupathi. He was also commonly re ferred to as the Mahant of Tirupathi. When a ﬂ agstaﬀ for the temple was erected, devotees donated large sums of money to acquire gold coins. These were to be placed in a vessel which was then buried at the base of the ﬂ agstaﬀ . But soon a charge of criminal breach of trust and misappropria tion was made against the mahant, with the allegation that the coins had been substituted with copper coins. Such a charge could have been proved or disapproved only by digging up the base of the ﬂ agstaﬀ . But religious faith proved to be an obstacle. The mahant pleaded that the ﬂ agstaﬀ could not be dug up af ter it had been sanctiﬁ ed and in stalled and such a course would prove calamitous to the senti
ments of worshippers. Interestingly, the high priest, much against public sentiment, persevered and ﬁ led an applica tion to have the vessel produced. The Magistrate ordered the appli cation as prayed for. Against the order of the Magistrate, a revision petition was ﬁ led before the Ma dras High Court which in turn led to one of the most sensational cas es in its history. A legal battle ensued between two of the greatest legal luminar ies. Subramania Iyer (who went on to become a judge of the Madras High Court) appeared for the high priest, while Eardley Norton, a for midable barrister, appeared for the mahant. The case was heard by the Bench of Chief Justice Ar thur Collins and Justice Muthusa mi Iyer. Upholding justice P.S. Sivasamy Iyer, an advocate general and another High Court lu minary, had a ringside view of the proceedings. In his memoirs he re called: “He (Norton) invoked the religious sanctity of ﬂ agstaﬀ and he appealed to the court to avoid a sacrilege, which could ring throughout the orthodox world, and he advanced every possible argument against digging up the site of the ﬂ agstaﬀ . Norton went on for three hours. Sir Subramania
Iyer’s turn then came. He spoke for less than an hour, but the eﬀ ect was electric. All of Norton’s argu ments were smashed completely within the span of less than half an hour. He wound up his magniﬁ cent speech, a speech of real elo quence, with that wellknown say ing, Fiat justitia ruat caelum which means as you know, ‘Let justice be done even though the heavens fall’. It was one of the best speech es I have ever heard from him, compact, condensed, and full of vigour and eloquence, just like him.” The Bench upheld the Magis trate’s order, (with the judgment delivered by Justice Muthuswami Iyer). It was a revelation. The ves sel had no gold, just base metals. Therefore, even before the adoption of the Constitution, our legal history is replete with inter esting cases of religious faith ver sus the law. If for any reason the Sabarimala case were to induce heartburn among its ardent devo tees, whatever be their senti ments, they must bear in mind that the Constitution cannot be blamed. For in the ultimate analy sis, as Subramania Iyer appro priately observed, “Fiat justitia ruat caelum. N.L. Rajah is Senior Advocate, Madras High Court
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on how to store a deluge of this volume.
wo years after accepting the Justice R.M. Lodha Committee’s recommendations, the Supreme Court has now extended some concessions to those aggrieved by the rigorous rules, which aimed to revamp cricket administration in the country. The rea soning given in the order of a threejudge Bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra suggests that it is a prag matic modiﬁ cation rather than a signiﬁ cant climbdown. Justice Lodha, a former Chief Justice of India, however, feels that the court has now knocked out the foundation of his recommendations. The most signiﬁ cant change concerns the coolingoﬀ period prescribed for oﬃ ce bearers before they are allowed to contest for a subse quent term. Against the panel’s view that every oﬃ ce bearer of the Board of Control for Cricket in India, in the national board or in a State association, should have a threeyear break after a threeyear term, the court has now allowed two threeyear terms — that is, a tenure of six years — before the mandatory break kicks in. The logic behind a coolingoﬀ period is that oﬃ cebearers should not be given lengthy tenures that enable them to establish personal ﬁ efdoms. The argument against it is that the experience and knowledge that an oﬃ cebear er gains over three years should not be frittered away, and a second term could help consolidate such learn ings. The Bench has accepted the logic behind this and chosen to defer the coolingoﬀ period until she com pletes two terms. Given that there is a nineyear aggre gate limit as well as an age limit of 70 for any oﬃ cebear er, this change may not amount to any signiﬁ cant dilution of the core principle that there should be no perpetuation of power centres. The Lodha panel had also favoured the ‘one State, one vote’ norm. This meant that an association repre senting a State alone should be recognised as a voting member of the BCCI, while associations representing a region within a State or entities that do not represent a territory should not have the same vote or status. This norm has been overruled. Gujarat and Maharashtra will have three votes each, as the associations of Baroda and Saurashtra in Gujarat, and Mumbai and Vidarbha in Maharashtra will have separate votes. In this, too, the court has accepted the reasoning that associations that had contributed signiﬁ cantly to Indian cricket need not be stripped of their full membership. It is now up to the administrators of the future to dispel Justice Lodha’s ap prehensions that this may lead to manipulation of votes. Whether the changes adopted by the court while ﬁ nalising a new constitution for the BCCI diﬀ er in signif icant ways from what was proposed by the Lodha com mittee will be a matter of debate. However, judicial in tervention has been immensely helpful in making cricket administration more eﬃ cient and professional, and addressing the credibility deﬁ cit of recent times.
controlled and administered, rath er than rightsbearing citizens. One of the most glaring examples of this is the Bombay Prevention of Begging Act. The Begging Act was passed in 1959 by the State of Bom bay, and has continued to exist in as many as 20 States and two Un ion Territories. But last week, in a remarkable, landmark and long overdue judgment, the Delhi High Court struck it down as inconsis tent with the Constitution.
The Delhi High Court order striking down the Begging Act heeds the Constitution’s transformative nature
The fascinating story of the “invasive bullfrog” in the Andaman Islands is a lesson about the consequences of tampering with nature (‘Ground Zero’ page, “The Andamans’ new colonisers”,
August 11). These amphibians are a common sight in coastal Andhra Pradesh and are called ‘Godhuru Kappa’ in Nellore and Prakasam districts. They thrive in the open wells and at quarry sites. They appear in armies during the monsoon. Their croaking ﬁ lls people with dread as they also herald the arrival of large snakes. One hopes that the authorities can stop the bullfrogs from reaching the Nicobar islands. Pushpa Dorai, Nurani, Kerala
Access eased The government’s move to remove restrictions on foreigners from visiting 29 inhabited islands in the Andamans may be a major step to boost tourism. But one wonders whether concerns to preserve the identity and culture of the tribals in these islands have been addressed adequately. Tribals have a right to their identity and it is the
responsibility of the government, visitors and tourist guides to ensure that tribal values and privacy are respected at all costs. One hopes there are no repeats of a wellpublicised case a few years ago, where the Jarawas were subject to unspeakable indignities by tourists.
granted paid maternity leave. The issue is about the nutrition that is available to many mothers because of poverty or entrenched superstitions. The focus has to be in creating an environment that facilitates breastfeeding, and not only the awareness about it.
Hopes and a contingent
Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh
One hopes that India’s move to send an 804member contingent, which includes 572 athletes, to the Asian Games in Indonesia will fetch rich dividends. As most of the sportspersons are in athletics, canoekayaking, hockey and shooting, we look forward to a medal haul (‘Sport’ page, August 12).
Note to mothers
Raﬁ ’s renditions
There is no quarrel with the fact that breastfeeding plays a crucial role in ensuring a healthy infanthood but the writer (‘Being’ page, “A note to mothers”, August 12) fails to mention how most mothers in India barely focussed on this until recently. Many women have to share the burden of labour and barely get time to breastfeed their infants, leave alone exclusive breastfeeding for the ﬁ rst six months. It is only recently that even working women in the organised sector were
One more song can be added to the list of memorable (nonﬁ lm) Mohammed Raﬁ numbers (Friday Review, “The legend lives on...”, August 12). It is the recorded tribute to Mahatma Gandhi brought out by HMV just a few weeks after he was assassinated. Titled ‘Bapu ki amar kahani’, the song was in four parts in two 78rpm
records. Penned by brilliant songwriter Rajendra Krishan with music composed by the popular music director duo Husnlal Bhagatram, Raﬁ breathed life into in characteristic style. Sukumar Shidore, Pune
Yojit Chaudhury, Rohtak, Haryana
more letters online: www.hindu.com/opinion/letters/
corrections & clarifications: The Editorial , “Endless war”, on Saudi Arabia’s strike in Yemen (Aug. 11, 2018), erroneously referred to an attack on a bus in southern Yemen. The attack was in northern Yemen. The Readers’ Editor’s office can be contacted by Telephone: +91-44-28418297/28576300; E-mail:[email protected] A ND-NDE
which is primarily that of a great ar tist seeking to escape — and all artists seek this, consciously or not — the whirlwind of time. This might also mean escaping the lesser storms of ugliness, pettiness, disorder. For wri ters who feel, as the younger Naipaul obviously did, caught on the margins of history, to be ‘post’ not just the co lonial but also at times the sensible, this hurt assumes compulsive force. It is an index of Naipaul’s artistic greatness that he shaped it into high ly honed creativity and did not allow it to seep, as it often does in postcolo nial circles, into insistence, rhetoric, bitterness and resentment.
The joke, considered by some to be factual, runs like this. An English man, an admirer of the descriptive writing of the blind Ved Mehta, goes to a literary party in London in the 1980s because he has heard that Mehta would be there. The English man suspects that any writer who is so good at description cannot be tru ly blind. On arriving, he asks the hos tess if Mr. Mehta is in the room. She says, yes, I think he is sitting on a sofa at the back of the hall. The English man navigates his way through the crowd and reaches the back. He spots an Asian sitting alone on a sofa. Sneaking up, the Englishman waves his hands in front of the Asian’s face. No response. The Englishman pulls faces. No response. Just then the hos tess passes by, so the Englishman turns to her and whispers, “You know, Mr. Mehta there is really blind”. “But that is not Mr. Mehta,” she replies. “That is V.S. Naipaul.” Like all good jokes, there are ele ments of truth in this one. V.S. Nai paul, or Sir Vidia as he was called af ter receiving his knighthood, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature, was a man who did his own stuﬀ , and seemed to be blind to those who pulled faces at him. This was mis leading: he could see them and was often highly conscious of what they were doing. But he would not con descend to respond to them, except indirectly in his writing. This was an indication of his greatness as a writer. Naipaul’s hurt Born on a small Caribbean island to a family of Indian origin, Naipaul made himself a major writer with a rare sin glemindedness of purpose. He also brought this concentration, this abil ity to observe without seeming to be moved, to the best of his works. Of course, this ability was misleading. “Mad Ireland hurt you into poetry,” W.H. Auden wrote of W.B. Yeats. The madness of the world was also essen tial to Naipaul’s oeuvre. But while Yeats, the poet inﬂ uenced by a Ro
mantic sensibility, wore his hurt on his literary sleeve, Naipaul kept it deeply hidden. That is why Yeats’s hurt translates into beautiful, lyrical poetry with little humour in it, and Naipaul’s hurt translates into humo rous, ironic or satirical ﬁ ction at its best. Despite the fact that Western crit ics focus inordinately on it, it is not Naipaul’s travel writing that makes him one of the greatest writers of the 20th century, it is his ﬁ ction. His tra vel writing comes across as hasty at times. I suspect the reason so many Western journalists do not see this is that, at a far higher level of accom plishment, Naipaul’s travel books move through the nonWest with so mething of the burden of received opinions and impatience that West ern journalists often display in their incursions. But even here, there is a diﬀ e rence. Naipaul’s highly accom plished nonﬁ ction was ﬂ awed not as much by what he saw critically and impatiently in other cultures, for these insights were often acute des pite being politically unsavoury, but what he chose not to see in them — and in himself. This had to do with his hurt; his, at times, desperate tra jectory from the margins to the centre, and its consequences. The hurt that Naipaul does not ea
sily show — or shows only as criti cism, humour, satire — is revealed in the nature of the two of his greatest books, which are among the greatest ‘novels’ of the 20th century: A House for Mr Biswas (1961) and The Enigma of Arrival (1987). In very diﬀ erent ways, both occupy that particularly fruitful space between ﬁ ction and memoir. A House for Mr Biswas, with a story inspired by Naipaul’s father’s warped intellectual struggles in a dis couraging postcolonial environment, is one of those rare recent novels in which the protagonist is basically conservative and yet gains the read er’s sympathy. The Enigma of Arrival is the story of the writer V.S. Naipaul, told by the writer V.S. Naipaul: a me moir dressed up as a novel, or a no vel dressed up as a memoir, depend ing on how you choose to look at it. Selecting deceptively from actual au tobiographical facts, this ‘novel’ (which is what Naipaul chose to call it) is correctly read by critics as exa mining the ambiguities of leaving or arriving ‘home’. But what also needs to be recalled is that the place where Naipaul ar rives, or fails to arrive, in this novel is next to Stonehenge, the very heart of England, so to say. This trajectory re mains central to any understanding of Naipaul as a person and a writer. It relates to the hurt I have mentioned,
Contested politics Naipaul’s politics, especially but not only in his nonﬁ ction, has been of ten indigestible to many, including, at times, me. This does not detract from his stature as a writer, especial ly a writer of ﬁ ction. But it cannot be ignored. In Naipaul’s defence, one has to add that he often seemed to operate with a basic assumption that was anathema to the Left but that is largely justiﬁ ed. The Left (much more so in the past) operates on the assumption that if only the poor and the deprived could assume power, we would overcome the problem of power being abused. In all his writ ing, indirectly but clearly, Naipaul scoﬀ s at this idea. For him, the fact that you are poor is no guarantee that you will be just if you assume power; the fact that you were de prived does not mean that, given a chance, you won’t deprive others. Hence, while acutely aware of the abuse of power within any conserva tive status quo, ﬁ nally Naipaul pref ers a coherent status quo to radical or revolutionary change. This ex plains his sympathy for extant En glish and (to a certain extent) Brah minicalcentric tendencies over radical religious, social and political ideologies. Perhaps like Mr Biswas in his longsought and ﬁ nally half achieved house, Naipaul knew that our house is not perfect and that it is ludicrously incomplete, but he pre ferred living ironically in it to pulling it down. Who, honestly speaking, can claim that he was entirely wrong? Who, in any case, with a roof over his head? Tabish Khair is a novelist and academic who works in Denmark
Making data speak As a lot of information provided in a small box can be diﬃ cult to read, data stories should be given more space
Sridhar Venkatraman, a subscriber of the e paper from Milton Keynes in the U.K., wrote to us with a few interesting questions about data visualisation in news stories and on the oped page. He said: “First, hats oﬀ to the graphics team for making in teresting charts and maps and introducing variety to the readers. The charts and maps help in understanding numbers better than tables do. However, the circlestyle graph is becoming repeti tive. And in some cases, the circles are too small and the text on them is so tiny that I have to zoom in to read. If I zoom in, the context of the entire graphic is lost and I can see only one or two points in close up. As a reader, I am not interested in zooming in and seeing every single State in the country.” Mr. Venkatraman then listed seven data stories to substantiate his argu ment. GETTY IMAGES/ ISTOCK PHOTO
It is not his travel writing that makes him one of the greatest writers of the 20th century, it is his ﬁ ction
Using scatter plots The reader makes an important point about the inherent problems with data visualisa tion. The charts which he refers to are called scatter plots. The data team uses scatter plots speciﬁ cally for those stories that re quire multiple variables to explain the com plex nature of interplay. The data team explained the rationale for relying on scatter plots rather than the usual pie charts for the stories cited by Mr. Venka traman. For instance, in the story “Karnata ka sees 300% jump in FDI inﬂ ows” ( July 24), the data team used a scatter plot to show changes in FDI equity inﬂ ows between 2016 17 and 201718, respectively, for major States (represented by their Reserve Bank of India circle oﬃ ces). The scatter plot sought to answer some questions: Which were the States with the highest and lowest FDI in ﬂ ows? And among States within the high and low FDI inﬂ ow categories, which were the ones that registered an increase or decrease and what was the magnitude of those changes? “By plotting the variables on a scatter plot
and setting the graph with a trend line, we were able to isolate States above the trend line (increase in FDI) and below (decrease in FDI). With varying circle sizes in the plot (called bubbles), we indicated the percen tage increase in FDI inﬂ ow. And by plotting the States on an xy axis, we managed to show which States had the highest and low est FDI inﬂ ows. All these were conveyed in a 2.5 column and 5 cm space. With the text, we managed to restrict the graphic to a rectan gle of 3 column and 10 cm space,” said a data team member. The data team also explained a data story, “Mutually dependent”, that appeared on the oped page in the ‘Data Point’ section on July 24. “We used a scatter plot to show that a higher number of patents are granted in States that have a ﬂ ourishing start up environment and vice ver sa. Data points have a ﬁ xed space of about 2 column x 9 cm. If we had not used scatter plots, we would not have con veyed the entire picture. The Data Point would have only managed to show either the number of patents granted per State or the number of startups there. It would have been a simple visualisation — a map of States or a bar chart that showed the States with the highest and lowest number. But it would have missed the bigger picture. The scatter plot, therefore, was again chosen speciﬁ cally to enhance the information,” he said. Content and visual appeal Space is a major constraint in print stories as the newspaper has to accommodate many stories on one page. The scatter plot is a use ful device to conserve space and maximise information without missing out any impor tant component. According to textbooks, da ta visualisation is deﬁ ned as “the use of com puter supported, interactive, visual representations of data to amplify cogni tion”. While the primary focus of these aca demic exercises is to ﬁ nd out how to make numbers accessible, the aesthetic expe rience of the reader and the ease of reading is not given due consideration. It is true that content comes ﬁ rst in a new spaper and visual aesthetics next. However, in the case of infographics, it is the visual ap peal that invites the readers to a data set. In creasing the space for data stories may be an answer to this conundrum. [email protected]
The plight of interState migrants is not very diﬀ erent from that of refugees who lack citizenship rights
The Deputy Prime Minister, Mr. Morarji Desai, told the Lok Sabha today [August 12, New Delhi] that his son, Mr. Kantilal Desai, had not been appointed as his Private Secretary but he had, however, been assisting him in his nonoﬃ cial work since June, 1964. Mr. Desai made this statement in a written reply to Mr. Rabi Ray. The business connections of Mr. Kantilal Desai ﬁ gured in four separate questions for which written answers were provided. Mr. Morarji Desai said his son did not receive any payment or allowance or any other remuneration from Trade Wings (P) Ltd. of which he continued to be a Director.
In India, you do not have to be ex cluded from the National Register of Citizens to experience a sense of loss of territory, identity, be longingness and livelihood. You could just as easily feel that way if you were a ruraltourban mi grant worker facing dislocation and “uprootedness” — a state of constant threat and anxiety with no sense of control over your spatial and temporal existence. This is akin to the expe rience of refugees who lack citizenship rights. A large chunk of migrant labourers’ shelter and work are deemed “illegal” within Indian cities. The 2011 Census pegs the total number of internal migrants in the country, includ ing those who have moved within and across States, at a staggering 139 million. The state’s role is not as dormant as it appears, when it comes to undocumented workers. It is proactive in allowing the absorption of cheap labour into cities, to serve the bulg ing demand of the urban middle class. Sometimes these la bourers are exploited, required to work below subsistence levels, and reside in subhuman conditions, which is then perceived as encroachment. When the onus of “giving back” is on the state — of provid ing migrant workers with proper documents, secure jobs, housing and provisioning of other public utilities — the state often consciously and systematically derecognises them, and conveniently brackets them as “illegal”. Illegality, in turn, results in labels such as “criminals” that must be dealt with by the state again, to protect its “full” citizens, and to exclude the migrants further from the fruits of this “full” citizenship. Consider the Smart Cities Mission of 2015 that proposed investment allocations of ₹ 2,039 billion to convert 99 Indian cities into smart cities. A mere 8% of the intended projects have been completed so far in the past three years, accord ing to the recent report released by Housing and Land Rights Network. Interestingly, many smart city proposals identify slums as a “threat” to the city in their “SWOT” (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats) analysis while totally failing to account for migrant labour in the schemes. The report documents forced evictions and shel ter demolitions in 32 out of the 99 proposed smart cities so far. Politically, interState migrants do not matter at all any way because their votes do not count in the destination city. The national obsession with bringing order to interna tional boundaries could also be applied within nation states, cities and neighbourhoods. The state’s role in ensuring equality, basic dignity, livelihood and providing minimum social security to its people must be upheld before all other priorities.
The writer is a PhD scholar at the University of Delhi, and Founding Partner, Jan Ki Baat
This refers to a paradoxi cal situation where the of fering of monetary incen tives for the donation of human blood causes a fall in the actual number of donations. This is believed to happen because donors who previously donated purely out of their altruis tic beliefs tend to no lon ger have enough altruistic incentive to continue do nating blood when they are oﬀ ered money in re turn for their donation. Critics, however, have ar gued that the oﬀ ering of monetary incentives can actually increase the dona tion of blood as people willing to donate for mo ney will more than oﬀ set the loss of altruistic do nors.
V.S. Naipaul: a life in pictures http://bit.ly/NaipaulPics
Barack Obama’s election as the 44th President of the U.S. in 2008 was an “endofhistory moment,” TaNehisi Coates writes in We Were Eight Years in Power: An American Tra gedy. “As Obama’s elec tion became imaginable, it seemed possible that our country had indeed, at long last, come to love us,” he says, referring to the black community. Coates, a celebrated writer known for his chronicles of the culture, politics, and lives of the blacks in the U.S., compiles eight essays he wrote for The Atlantic in Eight Years in Power. Each essay deals with a diﬀ e rent story, but the book has a common theme — the life of black people in the U.S. The Obama era helped change the social fabric to an extent, Coates says. He observes that his own suc cess as a writer, and of ma ny others, was inﬂ uenced
by the Obama years; the new President’s presence “opened a new ﬁ eld”. However, hope gave way to disappointment by the end of the President’s ﬁ rst term. President Oba ma’s acceptance in white America depended “not just on being twice as good but on being half as black,” he writes in the 2012 essay “Fear of a Black President”. Losing faith, Coates argues that “white supremacy was so founda tional” to the U.S. that “it would not be defeated in my lifetime, my child’s li fetime, or perhaps ever.” Despairingly he con cludes: “The American story, which was my story, was not the tale of tri umph but a majestic trage dy.” If Coates takes a socio cultural view of America, American journalist and writer Jonathan Chait looks at the merit of the Obama administration in Audacity: How Barack Obama Deﬁ ed His Critics
and Created a Legacy That Will Prevail. This, book, in Chait’s words, “makes an argument”. And that argument is that the Obama presidency was “transformative” at home and “corrective” abroad. He writes that the President did well within the limitations of Wash ington politics on a host of issues, from climate change to healthcare re forms and economic reviv al. There could be short term setbacks, such as the election of Donald Trump as President, but the bene ﬁ ts of the Obama years cannot be done away with, he argues. Obama as President left an indelible inﬂ uence on a young America which is going to take his legacy forward. Coates does not share Chait’s optimism: “The election of Donald Trump conﬁ rmed everything I knew of my country and none of what I could ac cept. I was shocked at my own shock,” he writes.
The eighth Conference of the Registrars of Cooperative Socie ties opened this morning in the committee room of the Impe rial Secretariat [in Simla, on Aug. 12] and was attended by about 20 oﬃ cials and 7 nonoﬃ cials. Sir Claude Hill in opening the Conference welcomed the delegates and said Mr. Mant would preside over the deliberations. He also referred to the report of the cooperative committee over which Sir Edward Maclagan had presided. He dwelt on the third item on the agenda which related to the proposed amendment of Land Ac quisition Act of 1894 and asked the Conference to make sug gestion as to the removal of technical diﬃ culties in the opera tion of the Act. CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
Cong. has weakened: Deve Gowda Former PM attributes it to the emergence of regional parties and dominance of caste politics Special Correspondent Bengaluru
“We will take the message of Guru Nanak to the world. His message of sharing the fruits of good deeds with all is the right teaching in this era when I, me, myself is the dominating idea. The Guru visited many places and so did Baba Farid. The mes sage of One God taught by Guru Nanak is similar to the Indian teaching in the Shas tras,” said Ms. Swaraj in her remarks delivered at the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas where she was the Chief Guest at a Sikh religious event organised by the In dian Council for Cultural Re lations (ICCR). Indian diplomatic and cultural missions across the world will organise prayers
and festivities to mark the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak. The Minister did not refer to the London event in her speech but highlighted the inclusive elements of Sik hism. “We want to convey to the world that the Guru Granth Sahib is the best re presentative of the Indian understanding of multiple versions of truth. Guru Granth Sahib is the only ho ly book in the world which apart from the ten gurus of Sikh faith also contains mes sages (vaanis) of other learned saints and great souls (belonging to other faiths),” said Ms. Swaraj, highlighting the inclusivist nature of the Sikh faith.
Mystery over death of 2 Patna home inmates “We were informed of the deaths on Sunday morning by the shelter home em ployees. We’re waiting for the postmortem report to know the exact cause of death,” Kumar Ravi, District Magistrate, Patna told journalists. The home is managed by NGO Anumaya Human Re sources Foundation and houses 75 inmates, most of them mentally challenged. An employee of the home, Baby Kumari, has been taken into custody along with another woman. Manu Maharaj, Patna senior
superintendent of police, said, “We’re investigating under what circumstances the two inmates died.” Meanwhile, Rashtriya Ja nata Dal leader Vijay Pra kash demanded a CBI probe. “The police were not in formed immediately. Nitish Kumar is busy with Lok Sab ha seatsharing talks...while, morality has gone for a toss,” said Leader of Opposition Tejashwi Yadav. However, JD(U) leaders said the law will take its course and “after the post mortem report the cause of their deaths will come out.”
Address AIIMS staﬀ shortage, says panel Stating that the staﬀ shor tage will lead to patients not getting adequate and timely treatment, the committee has recommended that a comprehensive study be done to address the cause of nonavailability of doctors
of high standards. “May it be brain drain, comparatively lesser re munerations, facilities or shortage of undergraduate/ postgraduate seats and col leges,” it noted. (With PTI inputs)
The Congress, which had monopolised political power across the nation when Jawa harlal Nehru was the Prime Minister, has lost its political strength and power after the emergence of regional par ties and dominance of caste politics since the mid1960s, Janata Dal(S) supremo and former Prime Minister H.D. Deve Gowda said here on Sunday. Speaking after releasing the Kannada version of The Indian Parliament: A Democracy at Work, a book co authored by Congress leader B.L. Shankar and Valerian Rodrigues, former Professor
CBI to probe top oﬃ cials in graft case
of Political Science at Jawa harlal Nehru University, Mr. Gowda said Nehru laid the strong foundations for de mocracy in India during the dominance of the Congress party in the 1950s and early 1960s. However, the present re gime ruling the country had questioned the contribu tions of Nehru, he said. “Whoever comes to pow er, the democratic system in the country cannot be changed,” Mr. Gowda said. Narrating how he became a rebel Congress man and got elected to the Assembly in the early 1960s, Mr. Gow da said the emergence of re gional parties contributed to
the fall of the Congress in the State. Regional parties emerged after the reorganisation of the States on a linguistic ba sis. Caste politics too became a dominant factor in regional politics, he said. The successful function ing of democracy was not based on the majority in the
Assemblies or Parliament. The Leader of the Opposi tion played a vital role in making democracy work. The former Chief Minister D. Devaraj Urs had an eye for detail and used to provide in formation for all questions he used to ask in the As sembly, the JD(S) leader said. The former Chief Justice of India M.N. Venkatachaliah hailed the contributions of legal luminaries, including B.R. Ambedkar, in drafting the Constitution. Noting his work as the head of the National Com mission to Review the Work ing of the Constitution, the former Chief Justice said he had rejected the term of refe
Policeman killed in Srinagar Militant hideout near sensitive locations in centre of city busted ahead of IDay
Devesh K. Pandey NEW DELHI
Top government oﬃ cials, including an Additional Se cretary posted at the high est level in the Central go vernment and a former New Delhi Municipal Coun cil (NDMC) Chairman, have come under the CBI scan ner in a corruption case. Among the suspects are two senior IAS oﬃ cials of the 1980s batches. Details purportedly related to them were found the past week during a CBI search in the oﬃ ce of caterer Ra kesh Tiwari at the NDMC’s Palika Services Oﬃ cers In stitute here. The CBI oﬃ cials seized “hawala” tran saction records indicating that senior oﬃ cials were il legally transferring thou sands of dollars abroad. However, the CBI’s ma jor concern is that a recent amendment to the Preven tion of Corruption Act, which was introduced os tensibly for protecting hon est government oﬃ cials, would make it diﬃ cult to take forward the probe.
In full force: Security personnel carrying out searches following a gunﬁ ght in the Batamaloo area of Srinagar. Peerzada Ashiq Srinagar
A policeman was killed and four persons were injured as security forces busted a mili tant hideout at Batamaloo here on Sunday morning. Though the three militants holed up in the house es caped, police sources said the operation had warded oﬀ a potential plan to strike on Independence Day. Deputy InspectorGeneral
of Police, Srinagar, Vidhi Ku mar Birdi said Pervaiz Ah mad of the Special Operation Group died of injuries sus tained in the encounter. Three jawans and the house owner, Neyaz Ahmad Bhat, were injured. Congested area Police sources said three LashkareTaiba militants, one of them “high proﬁ le”, were trapped in the house in
the congested area. “Two of their accomplices were ar rested and incriminating documents recovered from the busted hideout,” the pol ice said. The police zeroed in on the militants on Saturday night and a contact was esta blished around 3.30 a.m. A blood trail was spotted on the encounter site. “There are reports that one militant has been injured. A search is
Says only those who lack faith in India’s institutions can use phrases like ‘civil war’ and bloodbath’ Asian News International New Delhi
The Lok Janshakti Party, a BJP ally, will reach out to people nationwide to high light the proDalit mea sures taken by the NDA go vernment, ahead of the 2019 General Election. LJP secretarygeneral Abdul Khaliq said the party would hold events in Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Harya na and Karnataka, among other States, and its leader and Union Minister Ram Vilas Paswan would take part in some of them. While the party enjoys little clout outside Bihar, the BJP believes that the vocal support by a Dalit al ly like Mr. Paswan, a key voice in the government on issues of the community, would help the alliance. The BJP has also asked its leaders, especially those from the Dalit and tribal communities, to reach out to their people, following the passage of a Bill to res tore the stringent provi sions of a law to curb atroc ities against the communities. Mr. Khaliq said the Centre had gone out of the way to ensure the passage of the Bill as the matter was in the Supreme Court. Dalit votes will be cru cial to the NDA, especially in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. In U.P., the Bahujan Samaj Party and the Samajwadi Party have joined hands, and in Bihar, the Opposi tion, led by Lalu Prasad’s Rashtriya Janata Dal, has won over Dalit leaders like Jitan Ram Manjhi and Uday Narayan Choudhary. On Saturday, Mr. Paswan ques tioned the proDalit cre dentials of the Opposition parties, and posed 14 ques tions to Congress president Rahul Gandhi.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said that only those who have lost faith in them selves and who fear loss of popular support and lack faith in the country’s institu tions can use phrases such as “civil war”, “bloodbath” and desh ke tukde tukde, as they are “disconnected from the pulse of the nation”. He was answering a ques tion on the statement made by West Bengal Chief Minis ter Mamata Banerjee on Au gust 1 that the draft NRC would divide the people and create a civil warlike situa tion in the country. “As far as Mamataji’s stand is concerned, she should re
member what she said on the ﬂ oor of Parliament in 2005. Was that Mamataji correct or is this Mamataji correct,” Mr. Modi said in an exclusive interview with Asian News International on Saturday. He clariﬁ ed that no Indian citizen would be made to leave the country over the NRC list, and due process would be followed to give all possible opportunities to those excluded to get their concerns addressed. ‘Not about politics’ “The NRC was a promise of ours, which we are fulﬁ lling under the guidance of the Honourable Supreme Court. It is not about politics but
‘Rahul’s stunt childish’ Asian News International New Delhi
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday said that Congress president Rahul Gandhi’s wink at his colleague right after hugging him in Parliament proved how childish his stunt was. “It is for you to judge whether it was a childish
act or not. And if you are unable to decide that, watch the wink and you will get the answer,” he said. Mr. Gandhi had hugged the PM after concluding his speech during the debate on the noconﬁ dence motion against the NDA government. Moments later, he was seen winking at a fellow Congress MP.
about people. If someone is making it about rajneeti (pol itics), it is extremely unfortu nate. Our job in the political class is to work according to the will of the people and do
Tahilramani sworn in as Chief Justice of Madras HC
what they have given us the mandate for,” he said. The second NRC draft was released on July 30 and in cluded the names of 2.89 crore people out of the 3.29
She will hear PIL petitions related to women’s rights Special Correspondent Chennai
Governor Banwarilal Purohit with the new Chief Justice Vi jaya Kamlesh Tahilramani. est litigations relating to the rights of women, all criminal appeals and criminal cases, which are to be heard by a Division Bench, besides ap peals arising out of the or ders of the Central Adminis trative Tribunal. Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami, Ms. Baner jee, former Chief Justice of the Madras High Court, judg
es, and other senior oﬃ cials were present. Born in 1958, Ms. Tahilra mani started practising at the Bombay High Court and in city civil and sessions courts after enrolling in the Bar Council of Maharashtra and Goa in 1982. She was elevated as a judge of the Bombay HC in 2001.
crore applicants in Assam. Nearly four million people were missing from the list. The Opposition has cried foul and called the list “polit ically motivated”. The PM accused the Congress of in dulging in votebank politics over the draft. “The roots of the NRC go back three de cades, when [former PM] Ra jiv Gandhi had to bow to pu blic pressure and sign the Assam Accord. Since then, Assam voted Congress [to power] several times but the party did nothing about it and kept misleading the peo ple. The Congress knew a problem existed, but al lowed it to fester for decades because they were guided by votebank politics,” he said.
27 illegal resorts sealed along elephant corridor Rohan Premkumar
Justice Vijaya Kamlesh Tahil ramani was sworn in as the Chief Justice of the Madras High Court by Governor Banwarilal Purohit at a cere mony at Raj Bhavan here on Sunday. The Governor adminis tered the oath of oﬃ ce to the new Chief Justice, who had served in the Bombay High Court. Justice Tahilramani's appointment as the Chief Justice of the Madras High Court followed the elevation of her predecessor, Indira Banerjee, as a Supreme Court judge. According to the roster of the Madras High Court, the new Chief Justice, along with Justice M. Duraiswamy, would hear from August 13 public inter
The Chief Justice of India has changed the subject wise roster for judges in the Supreme Court to cate gorise cases for Justice R. Banumathi, who now heads a Bench. The change follows the recent appointment of Jus tices Indira Banerjee, Vi neet Saran and K.M. Joseph in the Supreme Court, tak ing the judicial strength to 25 of a total sanctioned strength of 31. While not touching the roster for other judges, the Bench headed by Justice Banumathi would hear a host of cases on family law issues, labour, civil cases, public premises eviction, land law, etc. The subject wise roster was ﬁ rst imple mented from February 5 this year after a press con ference by four seniormost Supreme Court judges over “selective” allocation of cases to certain Benches by recent CJIs .
Press Trust of India
PM slams Mamata’s comment on NRC
PRESS TRUST OF INDIA
Dassault made Rafale oﬀ er, says Reliance
LJP to reach out to Dalits before polls NEW DELHI
rence to study the suitability of the presidential form of government in the country made by the NDA govern ment headed by A.B. Vaj payee. Kendra Sahitya Academy Chairman and Jnanpith awardee Chandrashekar Kambar, authors Shankar and Rodrigues and S. Sada nanda, professor of Kuvem pu University, Shivamogga, who has translated the book in Kannada, explained the relevance of the book in con temporary politics. The book, which has eight chapters, covers election trends and debates from the ﬁ rst Lok Sabha to the 16th Lok Sabha.
CJI changes subjectwise roster in SC
Revenue Department oﬃ cials sealed 27 illegal re sorts operating in the buﬀ er zone of the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR) on Sunday as per a Supreme Court directive. The resorts are among a total of 39 resorts that were constructed along the cor ridor in the buﬀ er zone of the tiger reserve. Oﬃ cials said the Nilgiris District Administration formed three teams to seal the resorts at Mavanallah, Bokkapuram, Singara and Vazhaithottam areas on Sunday. On Friday, Reve nue Department oﬃ cials is sued notices to the owners of the buildings, instruct ing them to vacate the pre mises by Sunday morning. Police accompanied members of the three teams when they sealed the
premises. Most owners watched passively as their properties were sealed. However, the owner of one resort, ‘Bear Moun tain,’ in Bokkapuram, ar gued with the oﬃ cials. Ho wever, with the help of the local police, the premises were sealed. SC directive Apart from directing the district administration to close down 27 of the illegal resorts, the Supreme Court had directed 12 other resort owners to submit the re quired approvals and docu ments they claimed they had to to the district admi nistration within 48 hours. Speaking to The Hindu, Nil giris Collector Innocent Di vya said that of the 12 re sorts, 11 submitted documents claiming to have the approval to func tion.
on to nab him,” Mr. Birdi said. The house was close to the main venue of the oﬃ cial Independence Day function and sensitive government in stallations such as the Civil Secretariat, the High Court and the police headquarters. In another incident, one civilian was killed and two others injured when an ex plosive device went oﬀ at To samaidan in Budgam on Sunday.
Caught in a political storm over the Rafale deal, the Reliance Group headed by Anil Ambani on Sunday de nied receiving any contract from the Defence Ministry, and said “unfounded and incorrect” allegations were being deliberately made to “mislead people and cloud the issue”. Reliance Defence Ltd. CEO Rajesh Dhingra said Dassault, the French ﬁ rm that will supply the 36 Ra fale ﬁ ghter jets, chose the group to meet its ‘oﬀ set’ or export obligation in the contract and the Defence Ministry had no role in the selection of Indian partn ers by the foreign vendors.
Lies and crocodile tears: Congress ‘Modi govt. made no achievements’ Special Correspondent New Delhi
Reacting to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s interview to a news outlet, the Con gress on Sunday said just nine months short of his ﬁ veyear term, he could not list a single major achieve ment of his government. Congress spokesperson Pawan Khera told reporters that Mr. Modi had only “spewed unadulterated lies” on the economy and “shed crocodile tears” on the “swiftly tearing social fa bric of the country by weav ing lies and concocting the ories to build a narrative”. “This is not what the peo ple of India want to listen to from their Prime Minister. At the last lap of his term, he wants the people of India to buy his massive failures as Acche Din,” Mr. Khera said. ‘Not a single presser’ He said that in the four years of his reign, Mr. Modi had not held a single press con ference. Mr. Khera hit out at the BJP government for failing to deliver even on its ﬂ ag ship schemes such as Swachh Bharat. “In 2014, Shri Modi pro mised the moon for the next 60 months, but now all his
‘socalled targets’ are to be fulﬁ lled in 2022 (108 months) — a selfextension of 48 more months! The Congress party would cate gorically like to tell Shri Mo di, that his government shall not last beyond the upcom ing nine months,” he said. The Congress has repeat edly said that Mr. Modi failed to deliver on his pro mise of two crore jobs every year. In his interview, the PM had said the problem was not with job creation but a lack of a proper me chanism to record the job data. He cited the increased employee provident fund enrolments as an indicator of increase in jobs. “EPFO enrolments are not necessarily new jobs. They mostly reﬂ ect jobs moving from the unorgan ised sectors to the organised ones,” Mr. Khera said. He said that instead of creating jobs, the Modi government destroyed around 1.26 crore jobs in the unorganised sec tor. “Mr. Modi extols the vir tues of a MUDRA loan, but fails to tell the people of In dia that the average size of MUDRA loans for 91% benef iciaries is a mere ₹ 23,000. Will anyone be able to open a ‘pakora’ stall with this pal try sum of money?”
Studies point to rising drug abuse among women in Punjab Social stigma and lack of exclusive facilities are deterring many of them from seeking help, say doctors. Nearly 1 lakh women have reported using a substance VIKAS VASUDEVA CHANDIGARH
The problem of drug abuse in Punjab over the years has largely been focused on men, but experts and studies point out that the number of women addicted to drugs is rising “alarmingly” in the State. Social stigma, a state of de nial and lack of exclusive fa cilities are the key reasons why women are not seeking help, experts say. The State government has been providing various treat ment options for the youth, primarily focused on men. Punjab has 31 government deaddiction centres but there’s only one centre ex clusively for women — in Ka purthala — that was set up in 2017. “On the basis of clinical ex perience, I can safely say that the problem of drug abuse among women is increasing.
The national survey on drug abuse happened around 15 years back, where there was no mention of females, but now their numbers are ﬁ gur ing in surveys, which itself is indicative of the rising pro blem of drug abuse,” Dr. Sub odh B.N. of the department of Psychiatry in the Post graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh told The Hindu. ‘20 cases every year’ “While 15 years back, we used to hardly see any drug related cases of females, of late we are treating 1520 wo men patients per year. More over, amid fear of stigma most women do not come forward for treatment, which means the actual numbers are likely to be higher. These rising numbers are indeed worrying. Urgent attention is required to ad
A wake-up call: In this ﬁ le photo, inmates recover at a drug deaddiction and rehabilitation centre in Daulatpur, on the outskirts of Patiala. AKHILESH KUMAR *
dress the problem,” said Dr. Subodh. The recent study titled ‘Epidemiology of Substance Use and Dependence in the State of Punjab’, by the facul
ty of PGIMER, published in March 2018 in an indexed in ternational journal, says that in Punjab almost 4.1 million people have been found to be using one substance or
the other (licit or illicit) at least once in their lifetime. Among the lifetime users, four million were men and around 0.1 million were wo men. The number of people
dependent on any substance in their lifetime was 3.2 mil lion, with 3.1 million men and 0.1 million women. Licit substances consist of alcohol and tobacco, and illi cit substances are opioids, cannabinoids, inhalants, stimulants, and sedatives. In terms of projected numbers, there were about 4.1 million lifetime users of licit sub stances and for illicit sub stances, the corresponding ﬁ gure was 0.5 million. Opioids (heroin, smack, crude opium, poppy husk) were by far the most com monly used illicit drugs in the State. As per the study, 2,02,817 males and 10,658 females were found to be ‘lifetime de pendent’ on opioids as per the international disease cri teria standard ICD10. Inter estingly, while 1,56,942 males were found to be ‘cur rently dependent’ on opioids
Submarine training lax, says CAG Report points to undue delay in securing simulators for training in damage control and ﬁ reﬁ ghting
(ICD10 criteria) the ﬁ gure of females was 10,658, which the experts believe is “alarm ing” . Apart from the PGIMER study, the Punjab Opioid De pendence Survey (PODS), 201415, which exclusively fo cussed on opioid depen dence, found 1% of females to be dependents. The data was collected from 3,620 opioiddependent indivi duals across 10 districts. Based on analysis, and af ter projecting these ﬁ gures to the total population, the size of the population in Punjab was estimated at 2,32,856. “The ﬁ gures of this study seem to be the microtip of an iceberg, as these were cas es that came at least once to the treatment facility. So we can very well imagine that there must be a large number which never ever sought any help,” Dr. Sandeep Bhola, as sociated with Outpatient
Opioid Assisted Treatment in Kapurthala, told The Hindu. He adds that at the dead diction centre for women in Kapurthala, as many as 15 women have undergone treatment since July 2017. Rise in queries The Navjivan rehabilitation centre at Daulatpur in Patia la, which is privately run, has been witnessing an increase in queries on treatment of fe male drug addicts even though the centre is only for men. Rohit Puri, who is in charge of the centre, says: “We suggest they go to Delhi or Amritsar where there are private centres, exclusively for women, which can oﬀ er them privacy.” Mr. Puri says that the fe male patients come from va rious sections of society — rich, poor, educated and un educated. The experts seek wider treatment access.
Somnath Chatterjee suﬀ ers a heart attack Staff Reporter
Special Correspondent NEW DELHI
Army eyeing indigenous gear for Siachen soldiers NEW DELHI
The Army is finalising a longpending project for indigenous production of specialised clothing, sleeping kits and key equipment for soldiers deployed in the Siachen glacier. India spends ₹ 800 crore a year on the import of extreme cold weather gear for soldiers, according to official data. PTI
Raise speed only if trains are late, drivers told NEW DELHI
The Railway Ministry has asked drivers to hit the top permissible speed only if trains are running late, instead of trying to speed throughout the journey, a source in the Ministry said. The new directive replaces an order issued in 2000 in which the Ministry said that trains should run at the maximum permissible speed even when they are on time. PTI
No facility exists for training Navy crew on various as pects of damage control and ﬁ reﬁ ghting in a submarine, the Comptroller and Audi torGeneral (CAG) has ob served in a report. This is among a series of deﬁ cien cies in training noted by the federal auditor. In April 2014, INS Satava hana, the dedicated school for imparting all facets of submarine training, submit ted a proposal to the subma rine headquarters, indicat ing the requirement of a simulator to train in damage control and ﬁ reﬁ ghting. “The proposal has, however,
Long way to go: The Navy inducted the submarine INS Kalvari in December 2017, a ﬁ rst in almost two decades. AFP *
not yet been approved by the competent authority,” the CAG said in the report tabled in Parliament last week. As a result, limited practi cal training is imparted
through attachment to the Navy’s facilities for damage control and ﬁ reﬁ ghting, which are based on the layout of ships. “Thus, even after identify
It will issue ‘dos and don’ts’ while sharing the number
Press Trust of India
Pakistan releases 26 Indian fishermen KARACHI
Pakistan released 26 Indian fishermen from Karachi’s Malir jail on Sunday as a goodwill gesture, reports said. They had been arrested for allegedly trespassing into Pakistan’s territorial waters. They would be taken to Lahore and sent to India through the Wagah border, The Nation said. The jail authorities gave them gifts and cash prizes, it said. PTI
trol and ﬁ reﬁ ghting assumes even greater importance as India inducts nuclear subma rines into its ﬂ eet. Critical need Against this backdrop, the Navy is in the process of in ducting two deep submer gence rescue vessel systems from a U.K.based ﬁ rm, which are critical in case of any disaster in the depths of the sea. The report highlighted de lays in the completion of the Naval Academy Project at Ez himala, nonavailability of training equipment for new induction platforms, a deﬁ ciency in quality of training and other issues.
The condition of former Lok Sabha Speaker Somnath Chatterjee remained critical but stable after a mild heart attack on Sunday. Mr. Chatterjee, 89, has been on ventilator support in a private hospital here af ter being admitted on Tues day for kidneyrelated complications. “Mr. Chatterjee suﬀ ered a mild heart attack, but has recovered from it,” said a se nior oﬃ cial of Belle Vue Clinic where he is admitted. Hospital authorities said Mr. Chatterjee was undergoing dialysis daily. “He continues to be in a critical but stable condition
... We are trying our best,” Pradeep Tandon, CEO of Belle Vue clinic, told The Hindu. He suﬀ ered a stroke in June and had been hospital ised for more than a month. Mr. Chatterjee, a 10time Lok Sabha member, had been the Speaker from 2004 to 2009.
Use Aadhaar freely, without fear: UIDAI
EC sets right glitches in paper trail machines Steps have been taken to prevent malfunctioning of paper trail machines, Chief Election Commissioner O.P. Rawat has said. “A small hood was installed on the sensor so that even if it comes under direct light, it would not malfunction,” he said. Also, humidityresistant paper rolls will be used. The move comes after many machines failed in the recent bypolls. PTI
ing the requirement of a crit ical training facility and re commendations by a Board, which investigated a major submarine accident, there is undue delay in procurement and installation of the same,” the report noted. In August 2013, Russian built Kilo class submarine INS Sindhurakshak sank in the Mumbai harbour after an explosion on board, killing 18 sailors. In the next year, a ﬁ re on board INS Sindhurat na killed two oﬃ cers, follow ing which the then Navy Chief, Admiral D.K. Joshi, submitted his resignation. India has an ageing sub marine ﬂ eet. Training in damage con
After TRAI chief ’s Aadhaar dare ignited a debate on the security of the 12digit num ber, the Unique Identiﬁ ca tion Authority of India (UI DAI) is planning a user outreach to sensitise people to the dos and don’ts of shar ing their biometric identiﬁ er. The UIDAI intends to draw a parallel between the Aadhaar number and other personal information such as PAN (Permanent Account Number) and bank account number to caution users against placing such details in the public domain, partic ularly on digital platforms. ‘No cause for fear’ “It is necessary to inform pe ople that they should use Aadhaar freely, without fear, and a detailed FAQ (fre quently asked questions)
The UIDAI has reiterated the safety features of Aadhaar.
will be issued,” Ajay Bhush an Pandey, CEO of UIDAI, said. The FAQ will address nearly six queries on the is sue, which has been hotly debated over the past fort night ever since TRAI Chair man R.S. Sharma, a former DirectorGeneral of the UI DAI, tweeted his Aadhaar number and dared Internet users to show how mere knowledge of the ID can cause him “real harm”. His
tweet caused a ﬂ utter after some users claimed to have accessed his bank account number and email id, though the TRAI chief refut ed their claims. Cautioning people against publicising their Aadhaar number, the UIDAI, howev er, says it can be given freely for proving one’s identity and for transaction purpos es, just like one gives bank account or other details for a speciﬁ c purpose. Mere knowledge of Aad haar cannot harm an indivi dual or be misused for im personation, as it is fortiﬁ ed with additional security layers such as biometrics and onetime password authentication, it says. The UIDAI has also out lined the responsibilities of banks and other user organ isations in carrying out the required checks in this regard.
Ranil hands over India-built houses Relief for 400 families of Malayaha Tamils working on Sri Lanka’s tea estates Meera Srinivasan COLOMBO
Over 400 families living on the famed tea estates in Sri Lanka on Sunday took pos session of their new houses built with Indian assistance. The construction of the homes is part of India’s com mitment to build 4,000 homes in the island’s central highlands that is home to Malayaha Tamils. During his visit to the is land last year, Prime Minis ter Narendra Modi an nounced an additional 10,000 homes in the area. A bilateral agreement for malising the project was signed at a special ceremony in Nuwara Eliya district on Sunday. CM YK
Sri Lankan PM Ranil Wickremesinghe handing over papers of a house to a beneﬁ ciary on Sunday. SPECIAL ARRANGEMENT *
The nearly millionstrong hill country, or Malayaha, Tamil community, distinct from those living in the war aﬀ ected north and east, comprises descendants of la bourers that the British
brought down from South India to work on the estates. Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, who handed over the houses on Sunday, appreciated India’s commitment in partnering
Sri Lanka in development projects, a press release said. Mr. Modi, joining the event through a video conferenc ing link, said: “Sri Lanka has been and will remain special for India,” reiterating the commitment of the govern ment and people of India, “to be with the people of Sri Lanka in their journey to wards greater peace and prosperity.” India is supporting the construction of 60,000 houses across the island. As many as 46,000 in the north and east, being built for war displaced persons, are alrea dy complete and 14,000 are now being built in the cen tral and southern parts of the island. A ND-NDE
Trafalgar Square sees He personiﬁ ed a sense of displacement rally, counterrally N The Nobel Academy called Naipaul ‘a literary circumnavigator, only ever really at home in himself ’ Rachel Donadio
2,000 proKhalistan demonstrators attend controversial event Vidya Ram London
A proKhalistan rally, and a counterrally to support In dia, took place in central London on Sunday, with a considerable police presence. Over 2,000 proKhalistan demonstrators took part in the rally on Trafalgar Square, dubbed the ‘London Declaration’, in support of a nonbinding referendum in 2020 for an independent Sikh nation. The group was organised by the U.S.based group Sikhs for Justice, though the rally attracted demonstra tors from across the U.K. Waving ﬂ ags Chanting slogans such as Bole so Nihal Sat Sri Akal and Khalistan Zindabad, the demonstrators waved ﬂ ags and wore TShirts support ing the referendum. Along side, speeches and chanting prayers took place. Among those to speak at the rally was Lord Nazir Ahmed, a nonaﬃ liated member of the House of Lords, who had or ganised an antiIndia rally outside the Indian High Commission on Republic Day earlier this year. “I believe in Khalistan for my Sikh brothers and sis ters,” he said, speaking on a podium at the rally. He is not the only parliamentarian to have voiced support for the referendum: others to have
The event was organised by the U.S.-based group Sikhs for Justice. VIDYA RAM *
made their support public include Caroline Lucas, the leader of the Green Party, and Labour MP Matt West ern. “We want to take back Punjab,” said Garbaksish, a young protester from Bir mingham who joined the rally. Around 200 people at tended a counterrally on the other side of the square to support India, waving pla cards such as “Sikhs for a United India” and “We stand for one united strong India”. “We want to show the unity of India, it is a country for all religions and in our diversity we are stronger,” said Bha rathi, from London, who at tended the rally. “U.K.India relations are strained at the moment and these omissions won’t help,” said Kuldeep Shekhawat, president of the Overseas Friends of BJP (UK) who at
U.S. urges U.K. to ditch backing for Iran deal
tended the counterrally. He said the counterrally wasn’t about numbers but sending the message that the diaspo ra stood for a united India “whatever happens”. He ad ded that they had been rais ing their concerns about the rally for over a year now with U.K. authorities, and said he believed that there was external inﬂ uence, in cluding from Pakistan, in the organisation of the rally. The rallies come in the wake of the controversy over the shredding of an Indian ﬂ ag on Parliament Square during Prime Minister Na rendra Modi’s visit earlier this year, for which the pol ice had faced criticism for not intervening early enough. On Trafalgar Square on Sunday, there was a sizea ble police presence, which kept the two rallies apart, separated by distance and barriers. At several points, small groups of participants in the proKhalistan rally at tempted to walk close to the barrier near the Indian group but were told to move back by police. The proKhalistan rally took place despite India’s strong reservations about the event, which it viewed as an impingement on its “ter ritorial integrity”. The U.K. insisted that people had the right to gather together and demonstrate their views, provided they did so within the law.
39 killed in Syria arms depot blast
Britain had voiced its support last week Agence France-Presse Reuters
An explosion at a weapons depot in a rebelheld town in northwest Syria killed at least 39 civilians including a dozen children on Sun day, a monitor said. An AFP correspondent at the site in Sarmada in Idlib province near the Turkish border said the ex plosion of unknown origin caused two buildings to collapse. Rescue workers used bulldozers to remove rub ble and extract trapped pe ople from the ﬂ attened buildings, the correspon dent said. Rami Abdel Rahman, head of the Syrian Observa tory for Human Rights monitoring group, said most of those killed were family members of ﬁ ghters from Hayat Tahrir alSham, an alliance led by jihadists from Syria’s former AlQae da aﬃ liate, who had been displaced to the area from Homs.
The United States urged Bri tain on Sunday to ditch its support for the Iran nuclear deal and instead join forces with Washington to counter the global threat it says Teh ran poses. U.S. Ambassador to Bri tain Woody Johnson criti cised Tehran for funding “proxy wars and malign ac tivities” instead of investing in its economy. He said Iran needed to make tangible and sustained changes to behave like a normal coun try. “Until then, America is turning up the pressure and we want the U.K. by our side,” wrote Mr. Johnson in The Sunday Telegraph. “It is time to move on from the ﬂ awed 2015 deal. We are asking global Britain to use its considerable di plomatic power and in ﬂ uence and join us as we lead a concerted global ef fort towards a genuinely
U.S. envoy to the U.K. Woody Johnson REUTERS *
comprehensive agreement.” Asked about Mr. John son’s article, the British Fo reign Oﬃ ce pointed to com ments from Minister of State Alistair Burt, who last week ruled out Britain going along with the United States. Mr. Burt said the deal was an important part of region al security and that, with the European Union, the go vernment was trying to pro tect British companies from the U.S. sanctions when dealing with Iran.
obel laureate V.S. Nai paul, who passed away on Saturday at his home in London, docu mented the migrations of pe oples, the unravelling of the British Empire, the ironies of exile and the clash between belief and unbelief in more than a dozen unsparing no vels and as many works of nonﬁ ction. In many ways embodying the contradictions of the postcolonial world, Mr. Nai paul was born of Indian an cestry in Trinidad, went to Oxford University on a scho larship and lived the rest of his life in England, where he forged one of the most illus trious literary careers of the last half century. Compared in his lifetime to Conrad, Dickens and Tol stoy, he was also a lightning rod for criticism, particularly by those who read his por trayals of Third World disar ray as apologies for colonialism. A critical eye Yet Mr. Naipaul exempted neither coloniser nor colo nised from his scrutiny. He wrote of the arrogance and selfaggrandisement of the colonisers, yet exposed the
< > [N]onﬁ ction gave one a sense to explore... the other world, the world one didn’t know fully selfdeception and ethical ambiguities of the liberation movements that swept across Africa and the Carib bean in their wake. He brought to his work moral urgency and a novelist’s at tentiveness to individual lives and triumphs. Mr. Naipaul personiﬁ ed a sense of displacement. Hav ing left behind the circum scribed world of Trinidad, he was never entirely rooted in England. In awarding him the Nobel Prize in literature in 2001, the Swedish Acade my described him as “a liter ary circumnavigator, only ev er really at home in himself, in his inimitable voice”. Yet his existential home lessness was as much willed as fated. Although he spent his literary career mining his origins, Mr. Naipaul ﬁ ercely resisted the idea of being
tethered to a hyphen, or to a particular ethnic or religious identity. A Hindu, though not observant, Mr. Naipaul was a staunch defender of Western civilisation. His guiding philosophy was universalism. Mr. Naipaul was born on August 17, 1932, in Chagua nas, Trinidad, where his pa ternal grandfather had emi grated from India in the 1880s as an indentured ser vant to work on the sugar plantations. Educated in English schools in Trinidad, Mr. Nai paul said he owed his writing ambitions to his father, who read to him, among other things, from Booker T. Wash ington’s Up From Slavery. His ﬁ rst novel, The Mystic Masseur (1957), about Ga nesh Ramsumair, a failed schoolteacher who becomes a masseur and later guru and politician in Trinidad, was well received. Ferociously proliﬁ c, he published a book every year or two for much
of his career. His break through was his joyous, deeply autobiographical fourth novel, A House for Mr. Biswas (1961). Set in Trini dad, it is the story of a jour nalist’s eﬀ orts to free himself of his dependence on his wife’s domineering family. Mr. Naipaul began writing nonﬁ ction in the 1960s. “I thought nonﬁ ction gave one a sense to explore the world, the other world, the world one didn’t know fully,” he said in 2005. Cultural mimicry For his ﬁ rst nonﬁ ction book, The Middle Passage (1962), Mr. Naipaul returned to the West Indies. He charted in terisland racial tensions in Trinidad; analysed the cultu ral “mimicry” he saw as cen tral to colonial identity; questioned how the region, then on the brink of selfrule, would govern itself; and ob served that the smaller Ca ribbean islands “in the name of tourism, are selling them
selves into a new slavery”. In 1964, Mr. Naipaul pu blished the ﬁ rst of three tra velogues about India, An Area of Darkness. He found that despite his Indian ori gins, he did not belong there at all. “No other country was more ﬁ tted to welcome a conqueror; no other conque
< > No other country was more ﬁ tted to welcome a conqueror; no other conqueror was more welcome than the British ror was more welcome than the British,” he wrote. “While dominating India, they expressed their con tempt for it, and projected England; and Indians were forced into a nationalism which in the beginning was like a mimicry of the British.” Mr. Naipaul’s novel A Bend in the River (1979) centres on an Indian from East Africa in an unnamed, newly inde
pendent African nation. In a 1974 essay that marked a breakthrough in his own understanding of himself as a writer, Mr. Nai paul wrote of his debt to Jo seph Conrad, who had also willed himself to be an artist in England and also travelled to the far corners of the colo nised world. But in an inter view with The Times in 2005, Mr. Naipaul revised this judg ment. While conceding that Conrad was “great,” he in sisted that he “had no in ﬂ uence on me”. “Actually, I think A Bend in the River is much, much better than Conrad,” said Mr. Naipaul. For all his pessimism, Mr. Naipaul was conﬁ dent that what he called “Our Univer sal Civilisation” would pre vail. In a 1992 lecture, he said his optimism derived from his belief in the idea of the pursuit of happiness, which lay “at the heart of the attrac tiveness of the civilisation to so many outside it or on its periphery”. NY TIMES
Pak. Parliament to have its maiden session today Press Trust of India Islamabad
Pakistan’s newlyelected Parliament will meet on Monday for the ﬁ rst time to start the process of transi tion. President Mamnoon Hussain has already sum moned the maiden session of National Assembly, the
Ties with India critical for growth of Texas: Governor
lower house, at 10 a.m. on Monday. The tally of Imran Khan’s Pakistan TehreekeInsaf (PTI) has increased to 158 af ter it was allowed 28 out of 60 seats reserved for wo men. However, the party is still 14 short of simple major ity of 172 in the house of 342.
Heavy ﬁ ghting continues in Ghazni Reuters
State is now the second biggest exporter of goods to India Varghese K. George Houston
Ivanka condemns White supremacy, racism WASHINGTON
Ivanka Trump, President Donald Trump’s daughter and a White House adviser, explicitly condemned “White supremacy, racism and neo-nazism” late on Saturday. The tweets come on the anniversary of deadly unrest triggered by a White supremacist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia. AFP
Muslim woman asked to remove niqab in bus LONDON
A niqab-wearing 20-year-old Muslim woman in the U.K. was treated like a “terrorist” after a bus driver demanded that she should remove her face cover over safety fears as he felt that she could “bomb the bus”, media reports said. She said the driver told her “this world is dangerous”, a BBC report said. PTI
Expansion of trade ties with India was his top priority in oﬃ ce, Texas Governor Greg Abbott told a gathering of the State’s business leaders on Saturday. “Texas and In dia aligning economically will be enormously beneﬁ cial for both,” Mr. Abbott said in his keynote address at the annual meeting of the IndoAmerican Chamber of Commerce of Greater Hous ton (IACCGH). Houston and surrounding areas are emerging as a mag net for several Indian com panies expanding their oper ations in North America. Texas is now the second lar gest exporter of goods to In dia and the fourth largest im porter of Indian goods, among American States. Oil imports India has started importing crude and natural gas from America this year, and Tex
as, as the country’s petro leum hub, stands to beneﬁ t. “Texas energy can fuel the growth that is coming to India. Incidentally, the very ﬁ rst shipment of LNG from Texas of a 20year contract for natural gas going to In dia, arrived when I was in In dia. I met Prime Minister Modi for more than one hour and l left with more op timism that TexasIndia part nership has no limits,” Mr. Abbott said of his nineday business development tour of India in March. Petroleum imports from America has
began to reduce India’s trade surplus with it, partial ly blunting an irritant for the Donald Trump administration. The Texas State and cities such as Houston have been on a drive to attract Indian investors, and buyers. Hous ton Mayor Sylvester Turner said he would be leading a business delegation in Oc tober to India. “Trade bet ween Houston and India is now worth $ 8.5 billion and we want to grow it more,” the Mayor said. Mr. Abbott thanked Ma hindra for setting up Mahin dra’s North American head quarters in Texas and donating $1.5 million for re lief after the State was struck by hurricane last year. Jindal Steel Works has announced plans to invest $500 million into expanding their steel manufacturing in Baytown, Texas, and Wipro Limited will set up a new Texas Tech nology Centre in Plano.
Taliban insurgents at tacked police headquarters and other government buildings in Ghazni in cen tral Afghanistan on Sunday and were threatening to seize control of the city lo cal lawmakers and resi dents said. U.S. aircraft conducted at least four air strikes and local media said around 100 people, mostly mem bers of the security forces, had been killed. But details of the ﬁ ghting were un clear as most of the city’s telecoms masts were des troyed in ﬁ ghting. Mohammad Sharif Yafta li, Afghan Army Chief of Staﬀ , said the city was not under threat of collapse and heavy ﬁ ghting was un der way to push back the Taliban. But lawmakers from Ghazni who managed to talk to some residents said Taliban were in con trol of much of the city af ter launching an attack in the early hours of Friday. A ND-NDE
PVR to acquire SPI Cinemas ₹ 843 crore deal to help PVR reach goal of 1,000 screens by 2020, from 638 now Sanjay Vijayakumar Sangeetha Kandavel Chennai
SBI to sell two NPAs worth ₹ 2,490 crore NEW DELHI
SBI will sell two non performing assets worth ₹ 2,490 crore and has invited bids for them. In terms of the bank’s revised policy on sale of ﬁ nancial assets in line with the regulatory guidelines, “we place these accounts for sale to ARCs/banks/ NBFCs/ FIs”, SBI said in the bid documents. The accounts on sale are Bombay Rayon Fashions Ltd. and Shivam Dhatu Udyog Pvt. Ltd., which owe ₹ 2,260.79 crore and ₹ 229.32 crore to the bank, respectively. PTI
PVR Ltd. will buy a majority stake in SPI Cinemas, south India’s largest cinema chain and owner of the iconic Sath yam Cinemas in Chennai, in a deal valued at ₹ 843 crore. The transaction would help PVR, which is listed on the stock exchanges, streng then its base in Tamil Nadu, a key movie market.
Global impact: The deal will make PVR the seventhlargest cinema exhibitor in the world in annual admissions. REUTERS *
71.7% to change hands As per the terms of the pro posal, PVR would buy 2,22,7711 equity shares or 71.7% stake in SPI Cinemas from existing shareholders for a total consideration of ₹ 633 crore. This involves a purchase of 1,91,534 equity shares or 61.65% stake of SPI from SS Theatres LLP and
31,177 equity shares, or 10.04% stake, in SPI from S.V. Swaroop Reddy, respective ly. Further, PVR would issue 1.6 million shares or 3.3% shares in PVR as part of the transaction. Based on PVR Ltd.’s closing share price of ₹ 1,317.20 on Friday, the 3.3% stake amounts to ₹ 210.75
crore. Overall, the cash and stock transaction is valued at ₹ 843.75 crore. PVR currently operates a cinema circuit comprising 638 screens at 137 properties in 54 cities (19 States and UTs), serving 76 million patrons annually. Posttransaction, PVR’s to tal screen count will increase
to 706 screens across 152 properties and 60 cities. The acquisition will also make PVR the seventhlar gest cinema exhibitor in the world in terms of annual ad missions at its theatres, which will be in excess of 100 million, according to a statement. As on March 2018, SPI had total assets of ₹ 319.63 crore and revenue of ₹ 309.60 crore. Ajay Bijli, chairman cummanaging director, PVR, said the transaction is a signiﬁ cant step in helping the ﬁ rm achieve its goal of 1,000 screens by 2020. In a regulatory ﬁ ling, PVR said there was also a provi sion for a call/put option for the ﬁ rm to buy the remain ing 28.3% stake in SPI from SS Theatres LLP at a price not exceeding ₹ 300 crore.
Flipkart: CCI says scrutiny of FDI compliance not under its ambit ‘Deal unlikely to have adverse eﬀ ect on competition’ In its order clearing the deal, the CCI has said it is ‘not likely’ to have an appre ciable adverse eﬀ ect on com petition in India.
Press Trust of India New Delhi
Having cleared global retail giant Walmart’s $16 billion acquisition of homegrown Flipkart, fair trade watchdog CCI has opined that com plaints about the deal violat ing FDI rules ‘may merit pol icy intervention’ but do not fall under its ambit. The Competition Com mission also observed that the complaint about Flip kart’s discounting practice or preference to select etail ers is not speciﬁ c to this merger deal and is ‘already prevalent’ in the market. It also made it clear that there is no bar on the regula tor to examine these issues under relevant provisions of the Competition Act about
anticompetitive agreements and abuse of dominance. The deal has triggered op position from several quar ters including traders’ lobby groups and the Swadeshi Jagaran Manch and several of them had submitted their complaints to the CCI, which was approached in May for approval of the acquisition.
‘Beyond scope of Act’ “Issues falling beyond the scope of the (Competition) Act cannot be a subject mat ter of examination by the Commission, though they may merit policy interven tion,” it said. Noting that as per the fo reign direct investment (FDI) policy an ecommerce platform cannot inﬂ uence market prices directly or in directly, the regulator said this was a matter of consid eration for the ‘appropriate regulatory/enforcement authority.’
GST audit of ecom ﬁ rms stuck in jurisdiction row NEW DELHI
The GST audit of etailers ordered by the National Antiproﬁ teering Authority is stuck over the issue of jurisdiction, as the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs said the NAA has no powers to give such directions, an oﬃ cial said. The NAA had written to the CBIC saying that DG Audit should scrutinise the ﬁ rms’ accounts to see if they had refunded to customers any excess GST collected. PTI
RBI is net seller of dollar for third straight month MUMBAI
RBI continued to remain a net seller of the U.S. dollar for the third consecutive month in June, after it sold $6.184 billion of the U.S. dollar in the spot market, RBI data showed. In June, the RBI bought $4.020 billion of U.S. dollar, while it sold $10.204 billion in the spot market, according to RBI data. In May and April, RBI had net sold ₹ 5.767 billion and $2.483 billion of the U.S. currency, respectively. PTI
Commodity options see steady rise on bourses Incentives for market makers, attractive lot sizes and hedging opportunities help bolster business ASHISH RUKHAIYAR MUMBAI
Options contracts in non agricultural commodities like gold and crude that were unveiled a few months ago are seeing good investor par ticipation due to a combina tion of factors like market making, attractive lot size and the hedging require ments of market partici pants, though some of the other commodities are yet to register a strong traction. On the Multi Commodity Exchange of India (MCX), crude oil options contracts have seen a steady rise since the debut in midMay, while the turnover of gold con tracts rose almost 10 times since the start of the year, partly also due to the ex change’s liquidity enhance ment scheme (LES).
Last year, the Securities and Exchange Board of India allowed commodity ex changes to unveil options contracts in certain com modities, thereby fulﬁ lling a longstanding demand of the commodity market partici pants. Currently, MCX oﬀ ers options contracts in gold, crude oil, copper, silver and zinc, while National Com modity & Derivatives Ex change has guar seed op tions contracts for trading. Data showed the average daily turnover in gold op tions was about ₹ 64 crore in December, rising to more than ₹ 700 crore in July. The turnover in gold options con tracts has surged since April when the exchange intro duced a market making scheme in the contract. Meanwhile, the average
some teething issues that the exchanges will have to re solve for turnover to pick up without market making. Mar ket making refers to incen tives provided to trading members that oﬀ er buy and sell quotes on the exchanges.
daily turnover in crude oil options contracts that does not have any market making support has risen from ₹ 117 crore in May to ₹ 137 crore in
July. Market participants said that while commodity op tions is a good product for in vestors with hedging re quirements, there are still
Quick acceptance for oil “Options contracts are a good product and there is a high level of interest among investors,” said Kishore Narne, head, Motilal Oswal Commodities. “While crude oil options contracts found immediate acceptance, oth ers, most notably gold, need ed the liquidity enhance ment scheme primarily due to the big lot size. There is a large number of retail investors in the com modity market and they ﬁ nd the lot size too big. If the ex
change reduces the lot size in precious metals like gold and silver, the traction will go up signiﬁ cantly like we are see ing in crude without any market making scheme,” he added. MCX gold options con tracts touched a record no tional turnover of ₹ 2,931 crore on July 24. While the premium turnover was pegged at ₹ 33.26 crore, the notional volume witnessed on the day was 9,641 kg. Market participants said physical players from the bullion and jewellery seg ment are using options as a hedging tool in addition to futures contracts. However, the options con tracts in copper, zinc and sil ver unveiled a couple of months ago are yet to gain traction.
DGCA to audit Jet’s ﬁ nancials Press Trust of India Mumbai
Aviation regulator DGCA is set to conduct a ﬁ nancial audit of Jet Airways, amid its ﬁ scal conditions coming under pressure due to surging jet fuel prices and low fares, a source said. The Directorate General of Civil Aviation has alrea dy evaluated the ﬁ nancial health of Air India, besides a special audit on Air Dec can, the source said. The ﬁ nancial audit of airlines is done to assess ﬁ scal health and also to ensure they do not compromise on safety. “We will conduct the... au dit of Jet Airways from Au gust 27,” the source added. On August 9, Jet’s board deferred the consideration of the unaudited ﬁ nancial results for the June quarter.
IHCL, Hayre in pact UTI MF chief Puri not for Vivanta in London to seek extension Hotel to become operational in 2021
HC to hear T Rowe Price plea today
Indian Hotels Company Li mited (IHCL) has signed an agreement with Hayre Group Ltd. to operate a Vi vanta hotel at Heathrow Air port in London. The 108room hotel, to be located across terminals 1,2 and 3 of the Heathrow Air port, is scheduled to be op erational in 2021. IHCL owns and operates the Taj Group of hotels. The Vivanta brand caters to the upscale segment of business and leisure travellers. “IHCL was the ﬁ rst Indian hospitality ﬁ rm to foray into the U.K. with the iconic St. James’ Court hotel in 1982,” said Puneet Chhatwal, MD & CEO, IHCL. He added this was the ﬁ rst Vivantabrand ed hotel for London. “This
Leo Puri, MD & CEO of UTI Mutual Fund, has called for a meeting of the senior man agement of the fund house on Monday to oﬃ cially an nounce his decision to not seek an extension as the head of the country’s oldest fund house. Mr. Puri’s te nure ends on Monday. According to people fami liar with the development, Mr. Puri has already emailed his decision to not seek an extension, to the ﬁ rm’s sha reholders. The decision comes amid an ongoing le gal battle between the pro moters of UTI MF and T Rowe Price ﬁ ling a petition in the Bombay High Court against the other sharehol ders namely State Bank of India (SBI), Life Insurance
signing [of the pact] is in line with our growth strate gy of adding hotels in key lo cations globally,” he said in a statement. Besides ‘spacious’ rooms for guests, this hotel will have an alldaydiner, a bar and lounge, a gym as well as banqueting and meeting space facilities, the state ment added.
Corporation of India (LIC), Punjab National Bank (PNB) and Bank of Baroda (BoB). T Rowe Price, which holds 26% in UTI MF, has asked the court to direct the other promoters to pare their stakes to 10% each — in line with SEBI regulations on ownership of mutual funds. SBI, LIC, BoB and PNB each hold 18.24% in UTI MF. Mr. Puri’s decision to step down assumes signif icance as the court will hear T Rowe’s plea on Monday. The petition also seeks court direction to allow an extension to Mr. Puri even as other shareholders are reportedly against it. A spo kesperson for T Rowe Price declined to comment on Mr. Puri's decision and whether that would aﬀ ect the court battle.
More banks report tightening of credit standards, shows survey ‘Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code has placed recovery process on fast track’ SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT
A survey conducted by FICCI and Indian Banks’ Associa tion (IBA) showed more res pondents claiming they had tightened credit standards during JanuaryJune 2018, the period in which survey was conducted. “67% respondents among participating banks have re ported tightening of stan dards, steeply increasing from 28% in the last round of the survey,” the industry bo dies said in a statement. A total of 22 public sector, private sector and foreign banks participated in the survey, which is conducted twice a year. These banks to gether represent 64% of the banking industry, as classi ﬁ ed by asset size. This round has been conducted at a time
when NPAs have shot past the ₹ 10lakh crore mark and continue to rise. Cautious approach The survey noted that with stressed assets rising, banks have generally adopted a
cautious approach in lend ing, to prevent fresh slippages. As was the case in the pre vious round of the survey, 59% of the respondent banks reported a rise in NPAs in the current round of the survey.
“Infrastructure, metals and engineering goods were the key sectors reported with the highest NPAs,” a statement said. “More than twothirds of the respon dents have cited these as sec tors with high NPAs.” At the same time, most participat ing banks agreed that the In solvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) had made the re covery process faster and im proved the recovery position of banks. To improve the resolution rate, bankers suggested strengthening of the judici ary, enhancing capacity, em powerment of local level go vernment oﬃ cials, among other suggestions. They also said that exten sion of the moratorium beyond 270 days for any rea son should not be permitted. A ND-NDE
Are foreign direct investments at an ebb? Debate rages, but a look at 5year patterns shows there is little cause for concern. Focus on an 8% GDP growth is all that matters Aarati Krishnan Chennai
Have foreign direct investors warmed up to India under the NDA regime, or are they cold shouldering it? A heated de bate is now on, with the go vernment claiming that total Foreign Direct Investment ﬂ ows scaled a new record in FY18. Detractors argue that, on FDI as a proportion of GDP, NDA is yet to match the UPA’s achievements in 2008. But a study of patterns in FDI ﬂ ows into India over the last ﬁ fteen years suggests that they really have little to do with the political dispensation at the Centre. The UPA2 government started oﬀ on a high note and fell victim to ‘policy paralysis’ at the end of its tenure. End of term bounceback But it kicked oﬀ its term with two consecutive years of sharp declines in FDI inﬂ ows and witnessed a bounceback in FDI in its ﬁ nal year. The NDA, seen as business friend ly, ﬂ agged oﬀ with 20% plus FDI growth rates in its ﬁ rst
two years. But despite imple menting reforms such as the GST, it has had to contend with slumping FDI ﬂ ows late ly. So what really drives FDI? We studied UNCTAD data on crosscountry FDI ﬂ ows for the last ﬁ fteen years to arrive at some takeaways. Economic, not political FDI ﬂ ows into India seem to track its economic fortunes more closely than its political fortunes. In the last ten years, strong GDP growth prints in India have inevitably been fol lowed by an upsurge in FDI. The largest annual jump in FDI till date, from $7.6 billion in 2005 to $20.3 billion in 2006 came about after India improved its GDP growth from 7.8% to 9.3% in 2005. Similarly, 2008’s record ﬂ ows of $47 billion followed a GDP growth print of 9.8% in 2007. The FDI revival in 2015 unfolded after the economy returned to 8% growth after a long sluggish spell. Given the lumpy nature of FDI, evaluating these ﬂ ows on ﬁ veyear averages makes
The larger an economy and the size of its consumer mar ket, the more interested fo reign investors are likely to be to set up shop in it. This makes it important to evaluate FDI ﬂ ows into a country as a proportion of its GDP. According to the World Bank, FDI as a proportion of India’s GDP hovered at 12% for many years before shoot ing up to 3.6% in the imme diate aftermath of the global ﬁ nancial crisis in 2008, proba bly driven by the impression that India was ‘decoupled’ from the crisis.
more sense than dissecting annual growth rates. On this score, the news is good. From an average of $5 billion a year from 1998 to 2002, the annual
ﬂ ow vaulted to $12 billion in 20022007, climbed further to $34 billion in 20072012 and stood at $38 billion in the lat est ﬁ ve years to 2017.
Bottomed out in 2012 But as reality sank in in 2009, India’s growth collapsed and FDI ﬂ ows dwindled, bottom ing out at 1.3% of GDP by 2012. In the ﬁ ve years to 2017, they have staged a mild recov ery to 1.5%. Globally, FDI ﬂ ows average 2.4% of GDP. Clearly, India continues to punch be low its weight on FDI, given its size and prospects. FDI ﬂ ows into countries de pend not just on local eco
nomic prospects, but also on the total capital that global in vestors are willing deploy overseas in any given year. This pool is decided by global ﬁ nancial market conditions. Share of pool World Bank data tells us that after a stellar show in 2008 when India managed to grab 3.2% of the global FDI pool, its share fell steadily to 1.5% in 2012. That was incidentally the year in which GDP growth hit a nadir of 5.5%. Since then, India’s share of the global FDI pool has chart ed a smart recovery, getting back to 2.8% by 2017. This suggests that the slump in India’s FDI ﬂ ows in the last couple of years was driven more by the shrinking global FDI pool than by dom estic factors. Overall, for FDI to keep ﬂ ooding into India, it needs to maintain a singleminded fo cus on sustaining 8%plus growth. The political dispen sation doesn’t matter that much.
Where tourism helps Wars of the currency kind sustain the farm EXPLAINER
Nations letting currency weaken can spur instability devalued the < > India rupee in 1966 after its
B.R. Srihari Chennai
Recently, RBI Governor Urjit Patel warned that the global trade war could escalate into a currency war. Trade wars erupt when countries impose titfortat tariﬀ s on imported goods, ostensibly to protect domestic manufacturers. What is a currency war?
■ Currency wars are trig gered when nations either al low their currencies to wea ken appreciably or devalue them to gain a competitive advantage over trade rivals. If other countries react by devaluing their respective currencies to retain competi tiveness, this could lead to in stability in markets. What is devaluation?
■ Devaluation is a policy tool to reduce the value of a currency, relative to other currencies, in a ﬁ xed ex change rate. It is used to set the relative prices of domes tic and international goods
wars, and in 1991 after a BoP crisis and services at a new footing. Devaluation is diﬀ erent from depreciation, which is a de crease in the currency’s value due to market forces of de mand and supply when the exchange rate of the currency is ﬂ oating. Does devaluation help?
■ Governments may resort to devaluation for any one of three major reasons: To boost exports. The lowered value of the domestic curren cy will make it less expensive for foreign buyers (holding the currency whose value has become relatively stronger) to obtain the local currency to buy locally produced goods or services. In principle, more goods and services would be sold abroad, helping domestic bu sinesses reliant on export markets such as software ser
vices companies, pharma ﬁ rms and seafood exporters. To shrink a trade deﬁ cit — a devaluation while making ex ports more competitive also makes imports more expen sive and hence less aﬀ orda ble. This helps reduce the volume of nonessential im ports thus helping to narrow the trade gap. To reduce the debt servicing burden — na tions with signiﬁ cant sove reign debt sold domestically may ﬁ nd it advantageous to let the currency weaken as it helps lower the notional cost of debt servicing. Was the rupee ever devalued?
■ In June 1966, hit by drought after two major wars (with China and Pakistan), In dia devalued the rupee by 36.5%. Again, in July 1991, a Balance of Payments crisis exacerbated by the sharp spike in oil prices in the wake of the Gulf War spurred India to devalue the rupee in “a twostep downward adjust ment of 1819%.”
A resort in the middle of a farm is paying oﬀ for a U.S. returnee S. Annamalai MADURAI
Is agriculture sustainable in the long run? Priya Vardeesh, a farmer from Kamanur ham let near Thandikudi of Dindi gul district in Tamil Nadu, has been toiling hard for the past six years to ﬁ nd an answer to this query. She is now closer to the belief that this could be possible if agriculture and tou rism are brought together. Her 81acre farm on the West Palani Hills turns out to be a sensitisation centre in many aspects. Here, people are made to understand the travails of a farmer so that they respect farming. Incidentally, the food pro duced and served here is ‘poi sonless’, or free of chemicals, Ms. Vardeesh said. Her participation in com munity farming in the U.S. helped Ms. Vardeesh become aware of the various methods by which nontoxic food could
be produced. Ms. Vardeesh quit a lucrative job in the U.S. to take up ‘cashless’ organic farming in Tamil Nadu. Cash less farming is ‘zero budget farming,’ which does not re quire an investment on chem ical pesticides and fertilizers. She also has the credit of planting 28,000 saplings. She had reaped a bumper harvest of three tonnes of but ter beans last year. The farm also houses Plumeria Eco Trails, a resort where visitors
are introduced to healthy food and ethical farming. The resort emphasises that burn ing calories in farming is more productive than pedalling a stationary bicycle in a gym. Ms. Vardeesh is now work ing on expanding farmers’ col lective and consumer groups. The farmers’ collective is trained in zerobudget farm ing and encouraged to pro duce organic vegetables. Most members are landless as their holdings had been taken away as mortgage for loans. ‘Organic but no premium’ Currently, vegetables are tran sported in buses. Vegetables from her farm are also sold in the farmers’ market in Madu rai under ‘Narpayir,’ a net work of farmers. “We sell organic vegetables at normal prices due to low transportation cost and ab sence of middlemen or trad ers,” she said.
Indra Nooyi — the willing mentor Her agenda for ‘Performance with Purpose’ meant healthier products and better use of scarce natural resources
Indra Nooyi worked in PepsiCo for 24 years, as SVPStrategy, CFO and then as Chairman and CEO for 12 years. I write about her, the person I saw and admired. Indra was more than a CEO for everyone in PepsiCo India. To me, she was a willing mentor; for wo men in the PepsiCo India team, she was an ideal role model and some one no one wanted to let down. The PepsiCo India team had a unique bond with Indra and she was part of CM YK
every employee’s family stories. She made everyone feel special and had huge expectations of India. I will always remember Indra for ﬁ ve things: The ‘Performance with Purpose’ agenda she set in 2006 as CEO and then reﬁ ned it in 2016 for the year 2025. She was ahead of her time in shaping responsible and construc tive capitalism. ‘Performance with Purpose’ touched the ‘Planet, People and Products’ in PepsiCo and its ecosys tem. This meant healthier products and better use of scarce natural re sources like water and empower ment of women and diﬀ erently abled people. The Nutrition category owes its shine in PepsiCo due to her belief in
was the ultimate < > She Indian cricket team fan and followed its fortunes through SMS updates, even in serious meetings
followed the fortunes of the team through SMS updates, even in se rious meetings. Indra is now the ﬁ rst woman director on the Interna tional Cricket Council board.
their mission. Indra prepared dili gently for every meeting and event, big or small. She spent hours poring through every note asking great questions of the issues involved. In dra never turned up unprepared for a meeting. She wanted to know all the facts. Indra was a rare leader in PepsiCo who read every preread material sent to her despite her schedule. She loved thoroughness and abhorred slothfulness. Indra loved music, movies, read ing and cricket. She was the ulti mate Indian cricket team fan and
‘Stayed connected’ Indra stayed connected with eve ryone from Bollywood stars, musi cians, Presidents, Prime Ministers to customers. She knew everyone’s birthday and special days and made it a point to call or message the per son. She was a willing mentor to ma ny, and their children too. She will ingly marked time to talk to custom ers’ children who were planning to study in the U.S. and gave them thoughtful advice. She insisted on getting products right for the local
palate. Indra tasted the new Quaker Upma in Chennai in September 2016 and rejected it because she felt it was not a ‘wow’ product. Indra wanted it improved. The team worked through the formulation again and gave her an improved Quaker Upma in March 2017. Indra instantly liked that and sure enough, the consumers loved it too. Indra is rich but frugal, Indra is strategic yet grounded; Indra is tough but caring. PepsiCo will be a diﬀ erent company without Indra. PepsiCo will get used to a new nor mal. Indra brought empathy, warmth and stature to the role. Thank you, Indra! (The writer is exChairman and CEO, India and South Asia Region, PepsiCo)
INTERVIEW | SRIDHAR VEMBU
‘SaaS market will see consolidation’ Customer acquisition cost is very high; it is a challenge to get funding, says Zoho chief K. Bharat Kumar
For an Indian software product company that has fended oﬀ takeover bids, Zoho Corp has not made much public noise about its growth. The ﬁ rm, whose CEO Sridhar Vembu said re venues were ‘in excess of $300 million’ a couple of years ago, is set to cross the $1billion mark, sooner than ﬁ ve years from now. In an inter view, Mr. Vembu elaborated on what he sees ahead for the ﬁ rm: It is a year since you unveiled the Zoho One suite…
■ Currently, 12,000 organisations are paying customers of Zoho One worldwide, of which 36% are from India. The Indian IT market is not 36% of the global IT market. But for Zoho One it is, and it tells you that we are very strong here. On average, 16 of the 40 apps in our suite are being used. Six months ago, our average was at 10 apps. This shows that users are not superﬁ cially using 12 of our apps. Zoho One’s pricing seems key...
■ It is $30 per employee per month globally and in India it is ₹ 1000, for all 40 apps. We want to get to 100 million users. On average, every client ﬁ rm of ours would have in excess of 10 users. We have a 40million user base across the globe using Zoho products which includes paid and unpaid users and 20%25% of that is in India. You recently announced data centres in India. Why is this critical for you?
■ The whole regulatory regime is changing. GDPR style legislation is spreading. Data local isation is becoming critical. Particularly go vernments, public sector entities now will be mandated not to hold data abroad. All these changes, prove that in the near future, data has to be kept in the relevant geographies... customers in Europe, Mexico demand that. So data centres in India are critical. For both reg ulatory and technical reasons, the Indian data centre market will grow and cloud services will become a possibility. We have two data centres in the U.S., two in Europe, two in China and two in India will be coming up soon. You have talked about $1 billion in revenue over ﬁ ve years…
■ Now the revenue is much more the $300 million that it was when we spoke last and we are approaching the billiondollar mark... we will deﬁ nitely announce it sooner than ﬁ ve years from now. At this point, what excites you? Do you have more goals?
■ To build a global technology company out of India. We use Samsung and Apple as the benchmark and we are not in that league yet… we have a long way to go and we want to put India on the global map in the league of tech nology giants for the next 1020 years. The mission of Zoho is to integrate India’s vast talent pool to create global products be cause we consume global products. Our mission is to bring these two together by creating opportunities for them. A lot of the talent pool are diamonds in the rough, which is where Zoho University comes in and polish es them. We take in students fresh out of 12thgrade and diploma courses. In the past 13 years, we have had 625 graduates. This year, we have 140 students. We have trifurcated Zoho University into Zoho School of Technology, Zoho School of Design and Zoho School for Advanced Stu dy. Anybody who successfully completes the programme gets placed in Zoho. How has softwareasaservice evolved?
■ The SaaS market has grown but there are a lot of challenges. A lot of SaaS companies are not making enough money, one of the reasons being the high customer acquisition cost. In fact it is skyrocketing. This is a classic driver of consolida tion and that is the change we have seen in the last two to three years. This is why the funding environment has become more challenging now, and all of this is pointing towards consolidation. A ND-NDE
Another abysmal batting display sends India to its doom Broad and Anderson capitalise on damp and gloomy conditions to scythe through the toporder and skittle the visitors out for a mere 130 in its second innings INDIA IN ENGLAND Shreedutta Chidananda London
All the fuss about the weather was for nothing. In the end it took England less than two full days in eﬀ ect to blow In dia away at Lord’s and claim a 20 series lead. Stuart Broad and the in credible James Anderson combined to take eight wick ets as India sank to defeat by an innings and 159 runs on the fourth day of the second Test. The humiliation was complete about an hour after tea, Virat Kohli’s men having lasted all of 82.2 overs over two innings. Big ask There is no denying that this was a bad toss to lose, and that the touring batsmen had to deal with diﬃ cult batting conditions. But a side ranked No.1 in the world is held to a higher standard. Only one team in Test history has come back from 02 down to win a ﬁ vematch series — Don Bradman’s Australia in the 193637 Ashes. It’s reasonable to presume that India has no Bradman to call on. The downpour that had been forecast for Sunday did not materialise. Instead, En gland batted on under dull skies in the morning, declar ing on a lead of 289. It was go ing to need a heroic eﬀ ort from India’s batsmen to deny the home side a win. And there wasn’t one. Vijay’s pair Where day three was sunny, day four was damp and gloo my. Anderson is not one to waste such opportunities. In
the third over, he got one de livery to seam back into M. Vijay; it kissed the inside edge on its way to Jonny Bairstow. Vijay walked back having bagged a pair; once a trusted, reliable hand at the top of the order, he has this year been out of sorts. K.L. Rahul was also ﬂ um moxed by Anderson, an in ducker trapping him in front; he did not even bother with a review. Light rain forced an early lunch, at which stage India was 17 for two, giving Kohli an openingpair hea dache with three Tests left in the series. Painful stay There were other aches too. India’s skipper had a stiﬀ back and had spent some time oﬀ the ﬁ eld on Saturday for treatment on it. He did not take the ﬁ eld on the fourth morning, and was thus not eligible to bat for the ﬁ rst 37 minutes of the Indian innings. He seemed in pain during his stay at the crease, grimac ing when pushing forward to defend and limping between the wickets. India will fret ov er his availability and condi tion for the third Test, set to begin on Saturday in Nottingham. Ajinkya Rahane walked out at four instead. He batted with caution for his 13 until he chased a wider delivery from Broad and was caught at third slip. Cheteshwar Pujara, run out in unfortunate fashion in the ﬁ rst innings, was deter mined to stay at the crease, and made no pretense of en tertaining anybody. He faced 87 balls for his 17, an innings that included 75 dot balls.
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC THIRD TEST O Nottingham, Aug. 18-22 CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
Broad had been causing him trouble and eventually bow led him with a big inswinger, the ball brushing the pads and knocking the stumps ov er. Kohli and Pujara had kept England at bay for half an hour but hope was quickly evaporating. Broad was humming now, bowling fast, getting the ball to tail in sharply. He soon claimed the Indian captain, who had clearly been strug gling with his back. An awk ward short delivery was fend ed oﬀ ; the ball ﬂ icked the glove before ballooning oﬀ
the batsman’s thigh. Ollie Pope dived forward to hold a good catch at forwardshort leg. Kohli was convinced he had not hit the ball and re viewed the decision, but re plays showed there was slight contact with the glove. Broad was on ﬁ re and he struck again next ball, pinning Di nesh Karthik legbefore. At tea, India was six down. The formalities did not take long. Hardik Pandya’s exit triggered a collapse of four for 14 in ﬁ ve overs. Only R. Ashwin resisted, his side’s topscorer in both innings, braving a couple of blows on the knuckles. He should re cover in time for Trent Bridge. India may not.
ENGLAND VS INDIA, SECOND TEST, DAY FOUR
India —1st innings: 107 in 35.2 overs. England — 1st innings: Alastair Cook c Karthik b Ishant 21 (25b, 4x4), Keaton Jennings lbw b Shami 11 (22b), Joe Root lbw b Shami 19 (53b, 2x4), Ollie Pope lbw b Hardik 28 (38b, 3x4), Jonny Bairstow c Karthik b Hardik 93 (144b, 12x4), Jos Buttler lbw b Shami 24 (22b, 4x4), Chris Woakes (not out) 137 (177b, 21x4), Sam Curran c Shami b Hardik 40 (49b, 5x4, 1x6); Extras (b-11, lb-10, nb-1, w-1): 23; Total (for seven wkts. decl. in 88.1 overs): 396. Fall of wickets: 1-28 (Jennings, 7.3 overs), 2-32 (Cook, 8.2), 3-77 (Pope, 21.2), 4-89 (Root, 24.4), 5-131 (Buttler, 31.1), 6-320 (Bairstow, 74.4), 7-396 (Curran, 88.1). India bowling: Ishant 22-4101-1, Shami 23-4-96-3, Kuldeep 9-1-44-0, Hardik 17.10-66-3, Ashwin 17-1-68-0. India — 2nd innings: M. Vijay c Bairstow b Anderson 0 (8b), K.L. Rahul lbw b Anderson 10
(16b, 2x4), Cheteshwar Pujara b Broad 17 (87b, 1x4), Ajinkya Rahane c Jennings b Broad 13 (33b, 2x4), Virat Kohli c Pope b Broad 17 (29b, 2x4), Hardik Pandya lbw b Woakes 26 (43b, 5x4), Dinesh Karthik lbw b Broad 0 (1b), R. Ashwin (not out) 33 (48b, 5x4), Kuldeep Yadav b Anderson 0 (7b), Mohammed Shami lbw b Anderson 0 (3b), Ishant Sharma c Pope b Woakes 2 (7b); Extras (b-6, lb-6): 12; Total (in 47 overs): 130. Fall of wickets: 1-0 (Vijay, 2.2), 2-13 (Rahul, 6.1), 3-35 (Rahane, 18.6), 4-50 (Pujara, 26.5), 5-61 (Kohli, 30.3), 6-61 (Karthik, 30.4), 7-116 (Hardik, 42.1), 8-121 (Kuldeep, 43.4), 9-125 (Shami, 45.1). England bowling: Anderson 125-23-4, Broad 16-6-44-4, Woakes 10-2-24-2, Curran 9-1-27-0. Man-of-the-Match: Woakes. England won the second Test by an innings and 159 runs to take 2-0 lead in five-match series.
Breached: Cheteshwar Pujara’s determined stay was ended by a Stuart Broad in-swinger.
‘We didn’t play good cricket in this game’
Kohli hopes to be ﬁ t for third Test
Kohli refuses to blame the conditions for the debacle; Root says India did put up a ﬁ ght
Virat Kohli believes he will be ﬁ t for the third Test in Nottingham though he may be unable to ﬁ eld as normal. The India captain has a sore back and was clearly in pain during the second innings on Sunday. “As of yesterday and to day, it hasn’t been great,” he said. “The back can be very tricky when it goes oﬀ . It happened in the last leg of the South Africa tour when I missed a T20 game (the third T20 in Cape Town). That was very sudden, it happened a day before (that game).
After enduring his ﬁ rst in ningsdefeat as captain, a hurt Virat Kohli admitted that India was outplayed by England at Lord’s. “There’s no hiding from the fact that mistakes have been made,” he said. “We didn’t play good cricket in this game. We bowled well in the beginning but didn’t hit our areas consistently. “We didn’t get enough chances in the ﬁ eld to miss any, but with bat and ball we could have done much bet ter than we did. We’re cer tainly not thinking of anyth ing else but making it 21 in the series and building on that strongly.”
Time to rest “The good thing (now) is that I have ﬁ ve days before the next Test. We are conﬁ dent that with rehab and strengthening I should be ready for the next game.” Fielding and running bet ween the wickets could be is sues. “Although [I may] not [have] the same intensity in the ﬁ eld, I should be good
enough to hold a position in the ﬁ eld and be 100% with the bat. “Again, I’ll have to look at the running (between the wickets) bit, which was diﬃ cult today. As of now the
IndiaA pulls it back
back is sore — I’m not hiding that fact. That’s part of the game. I had to do whatever I could to go out there and bat again and try my best. Five days is good enough time to be ready for the next Test.”
Improve in next game He added: “This is the ﬁ rst time in the last ﬁ ve Tests that we’ve been really outplayed. We’ve competed in every game before. “A side like England, when they play like that, they can outplay any opposi tion, especially when they play at home and the ball is
doing a bit. We’ll have to ac cept that, put it aside and im prove in the next game.” Kohli did not want to use the conditions as an excuse. “A lot of people are talking about the conditions, that we batted during a diﬃ cult time. On the day that was good for batting, we had to bowl. If we think about these things, we won’t be able to plan for the future. You can’t
Delighted: The England team celebrates a clinical victory.
Tests hone bowlers’ skills: Chahal Says selectors want him to play more redball cricket mats, felt playing longerfor mat actually helps the bow lers in being mentally sharp for other formats. “If you are playing Tests, your bowling will improve and your mind will get shar per. You need to adjust and think how you can get a bat sman out.”
S. Dipak Ragav Bengaluru
Checkpoint: Umpires inspect the pitch.
SA-A IN INDIA SPORTS REPORTER Bengaluru
Only 32.4 overs were possi ble on day three of the se cond ‘Test’ between IndiaA and South AfricaA. The vis itors slid to 294 for seven at close. The scores: India-A — 1st innings: 345. South Africa-A — 1st innings: Pieter Malan lbw b Siraj 0, Sarel Erwee lbw b Chahal 58, Zu-
G.P. SAMPATH KUMAR
bayr Hamza c Shreyas b Chahal 93, Hendrik van der Dussen c Bharat b Rajpoot 22, Rudi Second c Shaw b Rajpoot 47, Senuran Muthusamy (batting 22), Dwaine Pretorius c Siraj b Yadav 10, Dane Piedt b Siraj 22, Extras (nb-15, lb 4): 19; Total (for seven wkts. in 92.3 overs): 294. Fall of wickets: 1-0, 2-154, 3163, 4-233, 5-236, 6-254, 7-294. India-A bowling: Siraj 18.3-358-2, Saini 21-9-41-0, Rajpoot 17-6-42-2, Yadav 14-2-65-1, Chahal 22-1-84-2.
The Indian team manage ment has committed to the idea of preferring wrist spin ners and using them as much as possible. Even as Kuldeep Yadav made his ﬁ rst Test appearance outside the subcontinent in the ongoing Lord’s Test, for the last fort night Yuzvendra Chahal has also been made to get ready with some redball cricket by the selectors. The Haryana legspin ner’s last First Class game was in the Ranji Trophy quarterﬁ nal against Jhark hand in 2016 and missed last year’s domestic season due to a heavy international workload. As part of the IndiaA side playing against South Afri caA, Chahal has picked up only four wickets so far in two matches and is slowly warming up after a twoyear
G.P. SAMPATH KUMAR
break. Speaking after the third day’s play, the 28year old said, “I am playing after two years. It takes time to adjust. There is no pressure on the batsmen here. In limitedov er cricket, if there is a run rate pressure, the batsmen try to go after you, but a bowler needs to use his skills to get the batsmen out.” Chahal, who has more or less become the primary spinner in the shorter for
control the toss or how the weather will be on a particu lar day,” he said. Kohli was asked if the team was a ‘oneman army’. “We deﬁ nitely as a team don’t and can’t think from that point of view. “We’ve been selected to play for the country. We need guys putting their hands up and saying ‘give me a tough situation, I’m going
Only focus Asked about a likely National callup, Chahal said, “I am just focused on this tourna ment. If I am not selected, then there is the Asia Cup.” “I have to play a little bit more of redball cricket, that’s why the selectors sent me here. Two years is a long gap, you need to keep your self ﬁ t too to bowl long spells. Bowling a good deliv ery and getting a wicket oﬀ a good delivery are two things and you need the latter. The more I play, the more ma ture I will get in this format.”
to pull the team out.’ “As I said before the game, it’s all in the head. It’s noth ing to do with the game. You can play well in any condi tion if you are mentally rea dy for it. We should want the next Test match to come ear ly rather than thinking we have ﬁ ve days till the next Test match comes.” Meanwhile, Joe Root refut ed the idea that India failed
GARETH COPLEY/GETTY IMAGES
to put up a ﬁ ght. “I don’t see any lack of ﬁ ght, or lack of trying. India are doing everything they can, but from my perspec tive, I’m so pleased we’re bowling as well as we are. “That’s what’s been the diﬀ erence, not necessarily India but how well we have performed, the areas we’ve put the ball in, the questions we have asked of them. When you build pressure for long periods it’s diﬃ cult as a batter to get through that so metimes. We’ve given them nothing,” he said. ‘Anderson is special’ Root hailed James Ander son’s contribution. “He’s a special, special commodity, isn’t he. He’s so mething that doesn’t come along very often and we’ve got to enjoy him while he’s around, there’s been chat about his longevity but at the minute he’s bowling better than he ever has before. [He has] 100 wickets here at Lord’s now, time and again he puts in fantastic performances.”
Lanka wins ﬁ nal ODI SA IN SRI LANKA Agence France-Presse COLOMBO
Angelo Mathews hit 97 and Akila Dananjaya took six wickets as Sri Lanka ham mered South Africa by 178 runs in the ﬁ nal ODI here on Sunday. With the brilliant innings from Mathews, backed by
Niroshan Dickwella’s 43, Sri Lanka made 299 for eight oﬀ its 50 overs. South Africa, needing to make the biggest target ever achieved by a visiting team at the Colombo ground, was dismissed for 121 at just un der 25 overs. Captain Quin ton de Kock made 54 but other wickets fell thick and fast as Akila’s spin took a toll on the visitors.
SRI LANKA V SOUTH AFRICA, 5TH ODI
Sri Lanka: Niroshan Dickwella c de Kock b Phehlukwayo 43, Upul Tharanga c de Kock b Dala 19, Kusal Perera c Klaasen b Mulder 8, Kusal Mendis c de Kock b Maharaj 38, Angelo Mathews (not out) 97, Dhananjaya de Silva c Hendricks b Mulder 30, Thisara Perera c Amla b Phehlukwayo 13, Dasun Shanaka c Duminy b Rabada 21, Akila Dananjaya run out 5; Extras (b-10, lb-5, w-7, nb-3): 25; Total (for eight wkts. in 50 overs): 299. Fall of wickets: 1-50, 2-64, 3114, 4-142, 5-195, 6-247, 7-291,
8-299. South Africa bowling: Rabada 10-0-47-1, Dala 9-0-57-1, Mulder 8-0-59-2, Phehlukwayo 8-0-60-2, Maharaj 10-0-32-1, Duminy 5-0-29-0. South Africa: Hashim Amla b Lakmal 0, Quinton de Kock b Akila 54, Aiden Markram c & b Akila 20, Reeza Hendricks b Akila 0, Heinrich Klaasen lbw b Akila 3, J-P. Duminy c & b de Silva 12, Willem Mulder lbw b Kumara 2, Andile Phehlukwayo c Dickwella b Akila 3, Keshav Maharaj c Lakmal b Akila 8, Kagiso
Rabada (not out) 12, Junior Dala c de Silva b Kumara 5; Extras (lb-1, w-1): 2; Total (in 24.4 overs): 121. Fall of wickets: 1-0, 2-31, 3-31, 4-39, 5-85, 6-92, 7-94, 8-95, 9-115. Sri Lanka bowling: Lakmal 4-022-1, Akila 9-0-29-6, Dhananjaya 4-0-21-1, Perera 2-0-14-0, Kumara 5.4-0-34-2. Toss: Sri Lanka Man-of-the-match: Akila. Sri Lanka won by 178 runs; South Africa claimed the series 3-2. A ND-NDE
Indian paddlers will fancy their chances in team events Despite entering the Games on the back of some ideal preparation, it could be tough going for the players in the singles draw Amol Karhadkar
hey returned from Gold Coast with a bagful of me dals. And followed it up with a creditable 13th and 17th place ﬁ nish for men and wo men respectively at the World Table Tennis Cham pionship. Never have two In dian men featured in the top30s in World rankings. According to the National coach, the paddlers’ perfor mances have forced the in ternational table tennis fra ternity to treat the Indian teams with respect. And the franchisebased global league has given In dian table tennis a presence on television and on the world map like never before. But if one feels these fac tors — especially the eight medal haul at the Common wealth Games, including an unprecedented three gold — would make India a medal contender at the 18th edition of the Asian Games, one
would be overestimating its chances. Though it is the best chance to return home with its ﬁ rstever medal from the quadrennial continental extravaganza, to refer to In dia as a medal contender would be farfetched. Depends on the draw Of the ﬁ ve gold medals on oﬀ er at Jakarta, India has its best chances in the men’s and women’s team events. In a dis cipline that’s globally domi nated by the Asian superpowers, no way will A. Sharath Kamal’s or Manika Batra’s teams be ex pected to repeat their Gold Coast performance. But if the draw pits them against the fourthplaced team in both the events, In dia may hope to win a histor ic bronze. The table tennis competition will see both los
just on top of their form but also upstage two topeight paddlers each to get into me dal contention. Considering the prowess and the consis tency of the top paddlers, it would be an uphill task. It is heartening to see that the Indian contingent will enter the Asian Games on the back of some ideal prepara tion. After featuring together in the prestigious Interinstitu tional tournament in Coim batore last week, the whole squad under the watchful eyes of head coach Massimo Costantini have been train ing at the Sichuan Sports Technic in Chengdu, China. Besides training at a facili ty that’s considered to be among the best in the world, the fact that they have been practising with the Chinese second teams will also hold the Indian paddlers in good stead by the time they arrive in Jakarta.
COUNTDOWN ing semiﬁ nalists winning bronze. The men’s and women’s teams are seeded between ﬁ fth and eighth positions. China, Japan and Korea will be assured of being the top three teams from the group stages in both the events. If the In dian teams are pitted against the fourthseeded team in the quarterﬁ nals, they can hope to stage an up set and win a medal. In singles, despite Sha rath, G. Sathiyan and Batra being at the prime of their form, a medal would be far from their minds at the start of the tournament. After all, all three will start oﬀ seeded 9/16. It would mean they will have to be not
Capable duo: G. Sathiyan and Manika Batra have the wherewithal to help India get a team medal.
MARK METCALFE/GETTY IMAGES
Punia aiming for gold, nothing less
‘That Indian team had no fear’
Says he now gives equal emphasis to holding oﬀ his opponents
Afzal says winning 1962 football gold is his greatest moment
UTHRA GANESAN NEW DELHI
His last seven tournament outings all ended with podi um ﬁ nishes, ﬁ ve on top. Baj rang Punia, the 24yearold considered both a protege and successor to Yogeshwar Dutt, has been in his career best form since September 2017 and is ﬁ rm favourite for gold. Punia admits a changed technique has helped, with the emphasis now as much on scoring points till the end as on holding oﬀ the oppo nent early on. “Earlier, I used to attack early and try to get points but ended up conceding and then ﬁ ghting to recover lost ground. A bout is just six mi nutes, you do not have much time. Now I try to hold on for the ﬁ rst 12 minutes and then ﬁ ght my own game to score
Plenty of hope: The wrestling contingent at a sendoﬀ ceremony.
the points,” he told The Hindu at an interaction here on Sunday. “My game has always been about stamina, about ﬁ ghting back. Now I have worked much harder on im proving it. Earlier I used to concede points towards the end, now it is all about ﬁ ght
Anand in tied fourth
ing till the very last second. The presence of foreign coach (Georgian Emzario Bentinidis) has helped a lot. Besides, Yogi (Yogeshwar) bhai is always there to guide me,” he added. Even as Vinesh Phogat — the other favourite for a me dal — laughingly interjects to
SHIV KUMAR PUSHPAKAR
warn him of not revealing too much, Punia remained unperturbed. “Eventually I have to ﬁ ght for six minutes on the mat, that is what mat ters, nothing else. Everyone knows everyone else’s game, it is the actual action that counts,” he shrugged. His recent stints in Geor
gia and Turkey — where the Indian wrestlers participat ed in training camps and competition — have helped increase his conﬁ dence. “No opponent is easy but eve ryone can be defeated as well. When you train and compete against the best you learn a lot about your own strengths and weaknesses al so,” he said. While Yogeshwar loved the Fitle — literally, tying up his opponents in knots — Pu nia says he prefers anything that helps him win a bout. But the dhobi pachad (shoul der throw) remains his fa vourite. The 2014 Asiad silver me dallist is not satisﬁ ed with any medal any more. “Medal to gold hi hota hai, baki sab to bas consolation prize hote hain. Ab to wohi lena hai,” he declared.
V.V. Subrahmanyam HYDERABAD
It was at Goshamahal Stadi um here that the legendary coach, the late S.A. Rahim, formulated all the strategies during the Indian team’s preparatory camp for the 1962 Asiad, which eventually helped it win what remains it’s only football gold in the games. “The mantra of Rahim Saab which clinched the is sue for India in the ﬁ nal was to advise the players not to play for the oﬀ side trap, as they could be confused by whistling from the crowd as it was not only boisterous but antiIndia too. He just wanted the Indians to always have possession,” D.M.K. Af zal, a member of the team who played in two league matches, said. “There was uncertainty
D.M.K. Afzal with his gold medal. V. V. SUBRAHMANYAM *
about the team’s participa tion as there was a delay in the Finance Ministry giving the goahead. But, Rahim Saab ensured that the players were fully focused during the camp. “All the players stayed on the ﬁ rst ﬂ oor of the stadium and never really moved out till another camp was held in Kolkata before we left for Ja karta,” recalled the 75year old Afzal on Sunday. “It is a
pity that the renowned coach passed away within one year of that memorable feat,” he said. “That Indian team had no fear and was never under pressure despite the odd set back. It was guided by a coach who knew how to get the best out of his players. It was a starstudded lineup which included the likes of P.K. Banerjee, captain Chuni Goswami, T. Balaraman, and goalkeeper Peter Thanga raj,” Afzal said. “That remains my great est moment despite not play ing in the ﬁ nal and I have no regrets,” said Afzal. “I don’t remember any of the players getting incentives. Honestly, we played with passion, sense of pride and for the sheer love of the sport,” Af zal said about being part of a truly historic campaign.
Manchester City begins title defence in impressive style
Press Trust of India
Liverpool routs West Ham as it bids to challenge Guardiola’s team for the crown
St. Louis (USA)
Fivetime World champion Viswanathan Anand had a mixed opening day with a win, a loss and a draw in the rapid and blitz chess event that got underway here. Starting oﬀ with a bril liant victory over Hikaru Na kamura of the United States, Anand missed the thread against Maxime VachierLa grave of France in the se cond round and then settled for a draw with Sergey Kar jakin of Russia to end the day on three points. With two points for a vic tory in the rapid section be ing the award here, Fabiano Caruana of the United States became a runaway leader on six points winning all his
PREMIER LEAGUE Agence France-Presse LIVERPOOL
three games. Standings after round 3 (rapid): 1. Fabiano Caruana (6); 23. Maxime VachierLagrave, Sergey Karjakin 4; 46. Shak hriyar Mamedyarov, V. Anand, Hikaru Nakamura 3; 69. Levon Aronian, Leinier Dominguez , Alexander Grischuk 2; 10. Wes ley So (1).
Manchester City began its Premier League title defence with an impressive win away to an Arsenal side playing under new Spanish manager Unai Emery on Sunday. Attempting to become the ﬁ rst team since Manchester United in 2009 to retain the title, the champion was good value with goals by Raheem Stirling and Bernardo Silva. Sterling went past two weak challengers to put City ahead in the ﬁ rst quarter of an hour with his 50th league goal.
Soon after debutant Riyad Mahrez was substituted, Ber nardo Silva added the se cond in the 65th minute. Defender Sokratis Papas tathopoulos and teenage French midﬁ elder Matteo Guendouzi made their Arse nal debuts but like so many teams last season the Lon don side found City hard to cope with. PierreEmerick Auba meyang, who ﬁ nished last season with four goals in three games, had few chanc es and Alexandre Lacazette wasted one within a few mi nutes of coming on in the se cond half. City’s strength in depth
was illustrated when Mahrez made way for Kevin de Bruyne just before the hour mark. Soon afterwards Sergio Aguero was guilty of shoot ing instead of playing in De Bruyne but in the next attack Benjamin Mendy, making his ﬁ rst league start since last September, set up Bernardo Silva to score. City has now lost only one away game in the league — at Liverpool — of its last 21. “I think we were better than them today,” Bernardo Silva told Sky Sports. “We wanted to be professional and we did it. We defended very well and were a very
compact team.” Earlier, Mohamed Salah opened his account for the new campaign as Liverpool backed up the preseason hype it can challenge City for the title by sweeping aside West Ham 40 at Anﬁ eld. Sadio Mane scored twice and Daniel Sturridge added a late fourth in an impressive display by Jurgen Klopp’s men as £65 million goalkeep er Alisson Becker kept a clean sheet on debut. The results: Arsenal 0 lost to Manchester City 2 (Sterling 14, B. Silva 64); Liverpool 4 (Salah 19, Mane 45+2, 53, Sturridge 88) bt West Ham 0; Southamp ton 0 drew with Burnley 0.
Winning start: Raheem Sterling, followed by Bernardo Silva, were on target for City. SHAUN BOTTERILL/GETTY IMAGES *
14 Having toiled, make use of its heart (5) 15 Yet no time for what's outside the window (4) 16 Urge in favour of old fellow's copy for print run (5,5) 19 Spry lineup — an arrangement that's not likely to skid (10)
7 Activist run out — played restlessly (7)
21 Western wing's sympathetic (4)
8 One that is relatively uncomplicated (6,6)
25 Partial or total transformation of birds of prey (9)
■ ACROSS 1 Indication of cost of power, grain and gun withdrawn (5,3) 6 Puts a limit on headgear (4) 9 Sailor goes after woman — a divine form (6) 10 Aglow, that man takes turn for drug (7) 13 Advice to loiterers summons Golan (4,5)
26 Hint kin's crazy for ﬁ sh (7) 27 Not that they act more and more in ﬁ lms (6)
17 Parts falling off lowlier sort of beachwear (9)
29 Broadcast, passed on around, is rejected (8) ■ DOWN 2 Comeback on test beginning to lag (7) 3 Farm labourer's vehicle contains books about origin of tillage (6)
Vairagya is the means
11 Mother in unfamiliar parts takes a hike (6) 12 Deprived of strength, copper's relative not on — same degeneration ahead (12)
28 Are excited about zoophilist's ﬁ rst book (4)
4 Engine trouble having worsened, the French withdraw support (9) 5 Girl, primarily upright, meets another girl rising in prison (5)
24 Boy — one boy — one in need of legal defence (5)
18 Short piece, variety falling short — one beachwear (6) 20 With small heart, he's a persistent person (7) 22 Put life into main tea break (7) 23 Savvy town's new leaders fall down to act the toady (6) 25 Cool, no female is steely (5)
Solution to puzzle 12393
Solution to yesterday’s Sudoku
Sastras claim that there is no other means except vairagya that can lead to salvation. Krishna explains the various steps for the practice of dhyana or meditation that Patanjali claims is the seventh stage of yoga that can lead directly to the state of Samadhi, said Srimati Rukmini Ramamurthy in a discourse. Meditation practised in solitude helps to keep oﬀ external distractions and enables one to see, feel and hear the indweller in each being. Trying to have a constant con trol over the senses, body and mind, the aspirant should strive to give up desires and also not expect anything from others. The extremities of emotion, raga and dvesha, arising from worries, attachment to family and friends, have to be shed. One should choose a suitable seat and asana to prac tise meditation in such a way that it will be conducive to bring the mind under control. Dhyana is eﬀ ective when the mind is pure and there is “Chitta vritti nirodha,” cessation of the innumerable thought patterns that keep crisscrossing in the human mind endlessly like the river ﬂ ow. The mind that is naturally attracted to the outside world has to be turned inwards. Hence Krishna suggests that the aspirant meditate on what is most worthwhile. If one is convinced that he is seeking the Highest and Supreme Being ever, the Supreme Lord, who alone is the only resort for all, he begins to wor ship Him through meditation. There are options for inward mediation; the aspirant can focus on the Supreme Being as Saguna Brahman, one with all the adorable and auspicious qualities; or on the Nirguna Brahman, one beyond all these attributes. Then one can experience tranquillity of mind even amid the hectic tensions of daily life. For the success of this endeavour, one has to have the backing of sincere and genuine practice, determination and tremendous eﬀ ort. A ND-NDE
The 20-year-old becomes the youngest Indian to win an Asian Tour title Pique announces international retirement
Ashwin Achal Bengaluru
Spain centreback Gerard Pique confirmed that he had ended a glittering international career on Saturday, saying that the appointment of his former Barcelona coach Luis Enrique would not change his mind. The 31yearold made the last of his 102 international appearances in Spain’s World Cup last16 loss to Russia. “I talked to him (Enrique) a week or two ago. I told him that the decision was already made,” Pique said. AFP
Kerala defeats Andhra Pradesh HYDERABAD:
Kerala scored a 30 win over Andhra Pradesh in the league phase of the subjunior National football championship here on Sunday. The result: Kerala 3 (Jasim Kabbar, Muhammad Irfad, Muhammed Mishal) bt Andhra Pradesh 0.
Vijay Shankar ruled out of Quadrangular
Despite turning professional barely two seasons ago, Viraj Madappa walked the KGA course with the conﬁ dence of a past master. While his nearest rivals crumbled in the face of pres sure and testing conditions, the 20yearold held his nerve and collected the TAKE Solutions Masters tro phy with a fourunder 67 ﬁ nal round on Sunday. The maiden Asian Tour title also made him richer by $63,000. Madappa became the youn gest Indian to win on the Asian Tour, beating the re cord held by Gaganjeet Bhul lar who won the Indonesia Invitational when he was 21. A victory seemed unlikely at the end of the 10th hole, when Zimbabwe’s Scott Vin cent returned an eagle and moved two shots clear of the ﬁ eld. Madappa, however, re tained a positive outlook and came within one stroke of Vincent by the 15th hole. On the 16th, a nervous
Well done! Viraj Madappa with his reward.
Vincent threeputted for a bogey, while Madappa made a birdie to take the sole lead. A terrible approach shot on the 17th cost Vincent another bogey and the title. Move pays oﬀ For Madappa, his decision to move to Bengaluru to train with renowned coach Tarun
Sardesai had paid oﬀ . “I moved to Tarun’s academy here from Kolkata in 2016. It was a big decision, which in volved a lot of sacriﬁ ces. Ta run and I had a lot of work to do on my game,” Madappa said. A large group of suppor ters cheered the champion's every move. “The energy in
the crowd was fantastic. A lot of kids from our Tarun Sar desai Golf Academy watched me play. They were so loud and supportive. It made a huge diﬀ erence," Madappa said. Also part of the crowd was his mother, Vidya Madappa, who after each hole, grace fully accepted well wishes
Koepka takes two-stroke lead Tiger still in the hunt; Shubhankar and Lahiri miss the cut
Agence France-Presse St. Louis
Vijay Shankar. PRESS TRUST OF INDIA NEW DELHI
Injured Tamil Nadu all rounder Vijay Shankar has been ruled out of the up coming Quadrangluar A se ries involving India (A and B), South Africa A and Aus tralia A, starting on Aug. 17. The allrounder is suﬀ er ing from a left hamstring injury and undergoing re hab at NCA, Bengaluru. CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
\ ROUND-UP \
Suresh, Rahul shine
NEW DELHI: Manofthe
match Suresh Kohli top scored with 56 and Rahul Kumar picked up three wickets as DDA beat PSM by two wickets in the Sports Sun cricket tournament. The scores: PSM 172 for eight in 40 overs (Anurag Kumar 53, Chetainya Sharma 38; Rahul Kumar three for 37) lost to DDA 174 for eight in 31.2 overs (Suresh Kohli 56, Nikhil Bhati 41; Kartik Goyal four for 28).
bled with bogeys at 14 and 15 only to boost his lead with a birdie at the par5 17th. “I played pretty well. Got oﬀ to a hot start,” Koepka said. Australian Adam Scott, the 2013 Masters champion, was second on 200 after shooting 65 on Saturday with Spain’s Jon Rahm and Americans Rickie Fowler and Gary Woodland, each chasing his ﬁ rst Major title, sharing third on 201. Woods ﬁ red a 66 to share fourth on 202 with second ranked defending champion
Justin Thomas, 2009 British Open winner Stewart Cink, Ireland’s Shane Lowry, Aus tralia’s Jason Day and South African Charl Schwartzel. Woods birdied ﬁ ve of the ﬁ rst eight holes then closed with 10 consecutive pars and ﬁ nished four oﬀ the pace of Koepka, who took his se cond consecutive US Open triumph in June at Shinnecock. Turning back the clock The 42yearold former World No. 1 ﬁ nished oﬀ the
last 11 holes of a stormhalted secondround 66 on Satur day morning, then delighted spectators with a sizzling af ternoon start. India’s Anirban Lahiri and Shubhankar Sharma missed cuts after poor show on their respective back nine. Top scores: 198: Brooks Koep ka; 200: Adam Scott; 201: Jon Rahm, Rickie Fowler and Gary Woodland; 202: Tiger Woods, Stewart Cink, Jason Day, Justin Thomas, Shane Lowry and Charl Schwartzel; 203: Julian Suri, Francesco Molinari, Kevin Kisn er.
ROGERS CUP Agence France-Presse Toronto
Rafael Nadal beat Karen Khachanov 76(3) 64 on Sa turday to set up a ﬁ nal with birthday boy Stefano Tsitsi pas at the Toronto Masters. The Spanish icon will try on Sunday to spoil the 20th birthday celebrations of the Greek youngster, who reached the second ﬁ nal of his career by beating Wim bledon ﬁ nalist Kevin Ander son 67(4), 64, 76(7), saving
My Opinion claims Governor’s Cup
NIZAM SAGAR PLATE (1,600m), 3yo & over, rated 26 to 46 (Cat. III): GOLDEN FORTUNE (Hannam) 1, Guiding Force (N. Rawal) 2, Kohinoor Legend (Ajeeth Kumar) 3 and Vijay’s Har mony (Gaddam) 4. 5, 3 and 13/4. 1m, 43.93s. ₹ 7 (w), 5, 6 and 7 (p), SHP: 10, FP: 9, Q: 7, Tla: 14. Fa vourite. Golden Fortune. Own ers: M/s. Zaveri Stud Farm Pvt.Ltd. rep. by Mr. Champaklal Zaveri, Mrs. Bindu C. Zaveri, Miss Harsha N. Desai & Miss. Niti N. Desai. Trainer: Deshmukh.
Frontrunner: Brooks Koepka, who plays a shot from a bunker on the 18th hole, could have built a considerable lead had he not bogeyed on the 14th and 15th. AFP
In redhot form: Stefanos Tsitsipas saved a matchpoint before beating Kevin Anderson in the semiﬁ nals. AP
Top scores: 268: Viraj Madappa (Ind) (70, 65, 66, 67). 270: Danthai Boonma (Tha) (66, 61, 73, 70), Scott Vincent (Zim) (66, 71, 65, 68), Y. Suradit (Tha) (66, 69, 69, 66), Miguel Carballo (Arg) (66, 66, 67, 71). 272: Khalin Joshi (Ind) (67, 69, 64, 72), Honey Baisoya (Ind) (70, 66, 66, 70), S.S.P. Chawra sia (Ind) (69, 65, 68, 70). 273: S. Chikkarangappa (Ind) (69, 64, 68, 72).
HYDERABAD: My Opinion (Ak shay Kumar astride) won the Governor’s Cup, the chief event at the races held here on Sunday (August 12). The winner, trained by B. Suresh, is the property of M.A.M. Ramaswamy Chettiar of Chettinad Charitable Trust rep. by A.C. Muthiah. Trainer Desh mukh saddled three winners.
Twotime US Open cham pion Brooks Koepka seized a twostroke lead after Satur day’s third round of the PGA Championship while Tiger Woods charged into conten tion for his ﬁ rst Major title in 10 years. Fourthranked Koepka, who had stretched the lead as large as ﬁ ve shots, ﬁ red a fourunder par 66 to stand on 12under 198 after 54 holes at the Bellerive Coun try Club in the year’s ﬁ nal Major. The laidback 28yearold American has never before led a Major entering the ﬁ nal round but he shrugged oﬀ having 13 rivals within ﬁ ve strokes, even a longawaited Woods challenge among se ven Major champions in that pack. “I’m just focused on me. I feel like, if I do what I’m sup posed to, I should win the golf tournament,” Koepka said. “I’m extremely conﬁ dent. I like the way I’m hit ting the ball.” Koepka, who became the ﬁ rst backtoback US Open winner since 1989 in June at Shinnecock, birdied ﬁ ve of the ﬁ rst nine holes but stum
Latter has beaten four top-10 players
and encouraging messages from enthusiastic spectators. With a title in the bag, Ma dappa has secured his Asian Tour card until next year. “When I was an amateur in late 2015, it was a diﬃ cult time for me. My scoring aver age was around 7576, and I was really questioning my game. It has been an incredi ble journey,” Madappa said. Vincent ﬁ nished two strokes behind the winner in tiedsecond, alongside the Thailand duo of Danthai Boonma and Y. Suradit, and overnight leader Miguel Carballo. Bengaluru lad and KGA’s very own Khalin Joshi, who started the day in tiedse cond, only managed an evenpar to take tiedthird.
NOBLE QUEST PLATE (DIV. I), (1,200m), maiden 3yo only (Cat. II), (Terms): EVON VON BRANDO (Hannam) 1, Shiloh (Deepak Singh) 2, Naucratis (Kuldeep Singh) 3 and That’s My Magic (Akshay Kumar) 4. 23/4, 1/2 and 1. 1m, 15.35s. ₹ 46 (w), 10, 13 and 7 (p), SHP: 41, FP: 766, Q: 293, Tla: 5,849. Favourite: Tokyo Jam. Owner: Mr. Ahmed Alam Khan. Trainer: Deshmukh.
NOBLE QUEST PLATE (DIV. II), (1,200m), maiden 3yo only (Cat. II), (Terms): KINGSWOOD (Ashhad Asbar) 1, City Of Ay aansh (Suraj Narredu) 2, Once More (Nakhat Singh) 3 and South ern State (Akshay Kumar) 4. Not run: Country’s Gift. 11/2, nk and 3/4. 1m, 14.81s. ₹ 23 (w), 8, 6 and 9 (p), SHP: 15, FP: 91, Q: 35, Tla: 357. Favourite: City Of Ayaansh. Owner: Mr. Dilip Thomas rep. Ra jagiri Rubber & Produce Co.Ltd. Trainer: S. Abbas. WANAPARTHY CUP (1,200m), 5yo & over, rated 42 to 62 (Cat. II): SCOOBY DOOBY DOO (Suraj Narredu) 1, Mighty Swing (Nakhat Singh) 2, Humaaghar
222 in 34.2 overs (Lalit Yadav 113, Rajat Lochab 45; Suraj Kumar three for 23) bt RPA 157 for seven in 33 overs (Abhinav Tej Rana 49, Himanshu Bisht 39; Prince Yadav four for 30, Manish Sehrawat three for 29). Revised target: 184.
Dicka scores Bagan’s winner KOLKATA: Dipanda Dicka’s 72nd minute goal helped Mohun Bagan post a 10 victory over George Tele graph in a Calcutta Foot ball League (CFL) match here on Sunday. Following a period of re sistance, Bagan beneﬁ ted from its move to bring on Tirthankar in the 68th minute. Within four minutes, Tirthankar sent in a left footer from the right and Dicka headed it in to score the all important goal of the match. Bagan leads the table with nine points from three matches.
DDCA in turmoil Vijay Lokapally NEW DELHI
In an act viewed as “gross misconduct” by a majority of the Delhi and District Cricket Association (DDCA) Executive Committee mem bers, one of its oﬃ cebearers has unilaterally issued direc tions staying the recent ad ministrative appointments. Through a circular, the DDCA secretary has directed that the appointments made by the DDCA should be put on hold. He has claimed that the appointments of Chief Exec utive Oﬃ cer, Chief Financial Oﬃ cer, Chief Operating Of ﬁ cer and General Manager have been made without in forming the secretary and other EC members. Claims contested A member of the EC, howev er, contested the claims, in sisting that the resolution appointing the administra tive oﬃ cers had been signed by 14 EC members, including the secretary himself. The circular issued by the secretary, asserted the mem ber, was done at this stage as his nominees were not se lected for the posts. The member added that the secretary’s act would in vite disciplinary action since
the appointments had been made in a transparent man ner with the consent of the majority of the EC members. The secretary had also ta ken the decision to “dis miss” the Cricket Committee and all other appointments which have the sanction of the DDCA president Rajat Sharma and a majority of the EC members. Welcome change Parmod Jain, a veteran DDCA oﬃ cial, said “the ap pointments made by the president can’t be revoked by the secretary as the man date of the EC is with Rajat Sharma. Some people in the past have run the DDCA as their personal ﬁ efdom, but plea santly, the new EC has changed that trend.” The Cricket Committee, comprising Virender Seh wag, Aakash Chopra and Ra hul Sanghvi, has already an nounced the selectors in the senior and junior categories, and conducted interviews for coaches and support staﬀ . The announcement of the support staﬀ , according to a DDCA source, has been de layed as their remuneration is being ﬁ nalised.
KALAMARIS PLATE (1,400m), 3yo & over, rated 26 to 46 (Cat. III): PROCLAMATION (Suraj Narredu) 1, Solar Heights (Koushik) 2, Meka’s (B.R. Kumar) 3 and Exclusive Shanghai (R. Ajay Kumar) 4. Not run. Platts Tour. 3 3/4, 21/4 and 31/4. 1m, 28.55s. ₹ 8 (w), 6, 7 & 8 (p), SHP: 14, FP: 21, Q: 15, Tla: 40. Favourite: Pro clamation. Owners: M/s. Vijay Rac. Farms P. Ltd. rep. by M/s. V.K. Gupta & S.K. Gupta, M/s. Poonawalla Rac. & Breed P. Ltd. rep. by Mr. Z.S. Poonawalla & Ms. S.Z. Poonawalla & Mr. V. N. Babu. Trainer: Deshmukh.
GOVERNOR’S CUP (1,600m), 3yo & over, rated 74 & above (Cat. I): MY OPINION (Akshay Ku mar) 1, Mahateji ( Jai Shankar) 2, Exclusive Wind (Arshad Alam) 3 and Like Wise (Koushik) 4. Not run: Mr. Baahubali. 31/2, 1/4 and 13/4. 1m, 40.45s. ₹ 11 (w), 5, 6 & 9 (p), SHP: 15, FP: 33, Q: 17, Tla: 246. Favourite: My. Opinion. Owner: M.A.M. Ramaswamy Chettiar of Chettinad Charitable Trust rep. by A.C. Muthiah. Trainer: B. Suresh.
BEST OF BOLD PLATE (1,600m), 4yo & over, rated upto 25 (Cat. III): CANNON FURY (N. Rawal) 1, Halo’s Princess (Ash had Asbar) 2, Royal Dancer (Uday Kiran) 3 and Tough Sussex (Ajit Singh) 4. Not run: Forever Bullish. 1/4, 13/4 and shd. 1m, 44.37s. ₹ 28 (w), 9, 9 and 39 (p), SHP: 25, FP: 148, Q: 74, Tla: 4,244. Favourite: All That Jazz. Owner: Mr. K.R.K. Raju. Trainer: Prasad Raju. Jackpot: ₹ 3,672 (147 tkts.), run nerup: 107 (2,147 tkts.), Treble (i): 1,809 (43 tkts.), (ii): 178 (840 tkts.).
Madeleine treasuring her time in India Overseas boxers making the most of training in the country Y.B. Sarangi
Argentina’s humility in vic tory at the COTIF Cup in Valencia left a positive im pact on India U20 coach Floyd Pinto. The Latin American U20 squad emerged champions with a 21 triumph over Russia U20 in the ﬁ nal. The India U20 players were present in the Valen cia hotel when the Argen tines — coached by World Cuppers Lionel Scaloni and Pablo Aimar — re turned with the trophy. “We were staying in the same hotel for the entire tournament. Just as they returned after celebrations and before we left the place, Scaloni and Aimar were requested to speak to our boys, since both were senior World Cuppers,” said Pinto. Pinto revealed: “Scaloni and Aimar were very hum ble with us. “There was nothing like they had won the title (af ter losing to India). Both were respectful.”
Over the years, the success stories of Indian boxers have not only earned respect but also attracted athletes from overseas to train and enrich their game in India. The trend of Indian box ers going abroad to avail stateoftheart facilities and train with tough sparring partners is a routine aﬀ air in the runup to any important assignment. Likewise, foreign boxers too train in Indian condi tions, avail facilities and gain some experience. Currently, Norwegian Madeleine Angel sen has been training with the National campers in Del hi as part of a three week long programme. A European youth wo men’s championships bronze medallist in 2016, Madeleine treasures her time in India. “In Norway there is barely any following for boxing. The biggest chal lenge was I barely got partn ers to spar and train with. My experience of training in Del hi has been fantastic...one major diﬀ erence is, back
Gaining experience: Madeleine Angelsen feels her India stint would be a value addition. SPECIAL ARRANGEMENT *
home either I train alone or with one coach. Here, there are 40 women boxers with varying style and talent. There are 14 coaches who give inputs to help improve your game,” said Madeleine. The 20yearold, who has been selected in the Norwe gian National elite team for the upcoming World cham pionships, feels her expe rience here will be valuable. High performance direc tor Santiago Nieva said, “It is a great opportunity for us as a federation and a country to open up our facilities as our boxers also get opportunities to spar with a quality inter national boxer at home.”
The results (semiﬁ nals): At Toronto: Rafael Nadal bt Ka ren Khachanov 76(3), 64. Stefanos Tsitsipas bt Kevin Anderson 67(4), 64, 76(7). At Montreal: Simona Halep bt Ashleigh Barty 64, 61. Sloane Stephens bt Elina Svitolina 63, 63.
Iniyan beats Sanan
(Arshad Alam) 3 and Big Flash (Deepak Singh) 4. 2, 21/2 and 1/4. 1m, 14.45s. ₹ 13 (w), 7, 8 and 8 (p), SHP: 26, FP: 74, Q: 42, Tla: 323. Favourite: Scooby Dooby Doo. Owner: Mrs. Junaid Ali Khan. Trainer: M. F. Ali Khan.
Lalit scores century Lalit Yadav’s 113 and Prince Yadav’s four wickets helped Sporting Club beat RP Academy by 26 runs through DLS method in the 2nd Shanti Devi memorial cricket tournament. The scores: Sporting Club
a match point in victory. World No. 1 Nadal won a battle of the tennis genera tions with Tsitsipas last April in the Barcelona title match. “To win this match is im portant, it’s very important to be in the ﬁ nal of Toronto,” Nadal said.
Former National chief coach G.S. Sandhu remem bers that during his stint box ers from Australia and Singa pore had come to India. Satish K. Sarhadi, a SAI de puty director who heads the National Boxing Academy in Rohtak, shares his expe rience of hosting foreign pu gilists. “Boxers from England and Sri Lanka had come here to train. Some Afghanis boxers were keen to come but did not get the visa. “We have organised AIBA courses, which were attend ed by candidates from Iran, Thailand, Nepal and Bhu tan,” said Sarhadi.
PRESS TRUST OF INDIA ABU DHABI
Young Indian IM P. Iniyan caused a ﬂ utter, defeating highly rated Grandmaster Sjugirov Sanan in the ﬁ fth round of the Abu Dhabi Masters. Iniyan, who took his tal ly to 3.5 points out of a pos sible ﬁ ve, raised expecta tions of a Grandmasternorm, espe cially after the way he crashed through the de fence of his famous Rus sian rival. Nihal Sarin, too, re mained on course for a GMnorm after playing out a draw with Ivan Chepari nov of Georgia. The 14 yearold, already well over 2500 in Elo rating, also took his tally to 3.5 points. The other Indian within striking distance of a GM norm was E. Arjun who held Tigran Petrosian of Armenia.
Ajay Jayaram loses in the ﬁ nal IANS Ho Chi Minh City
Indian shuttler Ajay Jaya ram lost to Indonesian Shesar Hiren Rhustavito in straight games in the ﬁ nal of the $75,000 BWF Tour Super 100 badminton tournament here on Sunday. World No.79 Rhustavito defeated the 93rd rank Jayaram 2114, 2110 in 28 minutes to win the title at the Nguyen Du Cultural Sports Club. In the ﬁ rst game, Jaya ram and Rhustavito fought well till the midgame in terval. But Rhustavito raced to victory with a dominating show after the break. The Indonesian kept up the momentum as he took a 145 lead to make the win a mere formality. Jayaram surrendered at 2110 in the second game. Losing rhythm Jayaram wrote in an Insta gram post after the defeat: “Silver it is. Hurts to de scribe today’s match. “Started badly, never found any rhythm and couldn’t ﬁ nd a way to get myself back into the match. All credit to the In donesian for staying on top,” Jayaram wrote. A ND-NDE
I have been a part of National Service Scheme, Hansraj, from my ﬁ rst year of col lege. We work un der ﬁ ve wings, one of them be ing the environment and disaster management, wherein we organ ise numerous rallies, cleanliness drives and awareness campaigns in and around the campus, with the motive to provide a greener and cleaner environment. The college authorities have placed several dustbins in the premises, and we, the NSS team and other societies work towards this cause; despite this there are many who continue to litter. If I get an op portunity to change a rule in my college, it would be to impose a ﬁ ne or immediately suspend any student found littering the place. Ushmeet Kaur, III, BA (Hons) Economics, Hansraj College, Delhi
As India steps into the 72nd year of independence we asked college students the one rule they want changed on their campus. The response was overwhelming. Read on to see what they have to say — on campus elections, outdated syllabus, dress code, assessments and more.
Cleanliness is key
Freedom to be free
It is a must that teachers ac company us in the college bus so that nothing untoward happens. The lecturers in our buses do not allow us to sit at the back and min gle with the seniors. Hence, we don’t get a chance to interact with them. Many stu dents feel that the seniors are rude, which is not true. As juniors, we need some free dom in the college buses. P. Sai Surya Teja, I, ECE, Lendi Institute of Engineering and Technology, Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh
Not just academics
If I was given the freedom to change any one rule , it would be to change the way students are as sessed. They should not be judged only on the basis of marks. Today, colleges or university mark sheets reﬂ ect only the academic perfor mance, irrespective of what they have achieved in their extracurric ulars. Universities need to develop a system wherein a student’s mark sheets project how he/she has fared in academic and extracurric ular activities such as debates, sport, research, and so on. Rishi Mohan, BA (Hons) Political Science, Lucknow University, Uttar Pradesh
If I was given the freedom to change any rule in our college cam pus then it would be the one that mandates compulsory attendance. This makes no sense because students are now mature enough to know the consequences of their actions. Not attending classes does not always mean wasting time. Further, while com pulsory attendance can ensure physical presence in class, it does not warrant the mental involvement of stu dents, and so the rule is absurd. In this era of smart work, we should be trained to manage our time eﬃ ciently and expand our skillsets, rather than focussing on the regressive policy of compulsory attendance. Gunjan Vats, III, BSc Hons Zoology, SGTB Khalsa College, North Campus, University of Delhi
Teaching Gen next
» As India has the
largest population of youngsters, it is our duty and professional respon sibility to be inventive and incorporate a wide range of changes in what we are teaching Gen next. I would like to change the rule to study outdated and arbitrarilyformed syllabi. Rather, educators, industrialists and stu dents should sit together to completely overhaul the syllabus, annually. This will ensure that when we pass out of college we will be economicallyproductive and socially aware. Swapnil Joglekar, Postgraduate Diploma in Journalism, Indian Institute of Mass Communication, Dhenkanal, Odisha
structure breakdown is a necessity. When we start college, most of us are 18, and according to Indian law, we have the right to vote. However, we still do not have the freedom to know details about the fee structure, especially in private colleges. We cannot understand what we are paying for, unless there is breakdown given. Mithun Sundhar B, Graduate, 2018, Mechanical Engineering, Sri Sairam Institute of Technology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Break down walls
“You are not supposed to talk to her even if she is your sister and that’s a rule here,” was the ﬁ rst instruction I got from the class in charge. This rule continues to annoy me. Merely talking to the opposite gender will not cause any trouble, and preventing us from doing so can not guarantee the absence of mis chief. This practice of avoiding inte raction with costudents prevents us from fostering healthy friendships. If I were given a chance, I will change this rule to make college a better place. Aravind S.K., II, BCom, Emerald’s Degree College, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh
Cut down expenses
One rule which I most certainly want to change is to stop the Book bank service from the college for which the manage ment charges close to ₹ 10,000 for the same old pile of our technical subjects books, which we have to return. It adds to the already skyrocketing fee of private colleges, burdening our parents who are already doing their best to provide us with good education. The college also charges us for other expenses such as wiﬁ , magazines which we don’t have proper access to. These miscellaneous charges add up to about R 25,000 in addition to the already high tui tion fee. Instead, the management can create some kind of fund which can help underprivi leged children not only through teaching, but also by providing clothes and study material which can go a long way in improving the country’s stagnant literacy rates. Prabhat Nigam, IV, Civil Engineering, JSSATE, Noida, Uttar Pradesh
The upheaval of modern educational machinery calls for eroding certain preva lent norms in the selec tion system in our insti tutions. I would like to bring to light the reservation system. This system was formulated just after In dependence because there was a need to create a congruent and symmetrical educational framework that could be ac cessible to one and all, irrespective of their socioeconomic conditions. But this system has paved way for inequality and nepotism. Many students are not able to get a place in central institutions because other lessdeserving candidates have access to it. Ojaswini Mishra, MSc (Mathematics), University Of Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
If I could change a rule in my college, it would be to revoke the ban on student union elections, which were stopped in 2015, citing reasons of violence and interference in studies. But, such events are necessary, especially as they eﬀ ectively teach students how an election works. Also, being a citizen of such a large democ racy makes it all the more relevant. An environment of political awareness would prevail. Besides, it induces leadership skills among contestants and other union workers, at an early stage. Measures can be ta ken to see it is done within limits, and without any damage or distraction. Siddharth Verma, B Sc (PCM), S S Jain Subodh PG College, Jaipur, Rajasthan CM YK
I would like to see some changes in the pro cess of this system to reduce the gap between the in dustry needs and college education, mostly in the core engineering areas. I don’t think it is an Hercu lean task. It is just about understanding the industry needs and implementing them in the education sys tem, rather than complaining about the quality of education and lack of opportunities. Let companies come to the colleges or at least colleges reach out to them and understand what is expected of them, ear ly on, and ﬁ nd ways to eqiup students accordingly. The gap between current technology and education should be reduced because it lacks practicality and reduces innovation, employment and development of individuals. Ramakrishna Thota, IV, B.Tech, VR Siddhartha Engineering College, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh
A right for all
Bridging the college-industry gap
The freedom to < > know the fee
I were given the < > Iffreedom to change any one rule in my college, that will be the removal of dress code. Eventually,with the passage of time, clothing has translated from merely a demeanour to a tool to express our thoughts and emotions. Demarcating students from their choice of dressing is like curtailing their thoughts and senses. H. Haripriyaa, II, BCom(C.S), Bhaktavatsalam Memorial College for Women, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
I would certainly rule out the uniform code in col lege, as it cannot be enforced on students. Many colleges in the state enforce strict rules regarding uniforms. Do they really believe they can mould a good future by insisting? They should keep in mind that we are above 18 years and are mature enough to know how to dress decently. We are the ones who need to vote for the future, and if we are not al lowed to de cide what to wear how are we supposed to do that? Evaan Pallimalil, II, Mechanical Engineering, MBITS College, Kothamangalam, Kerala
If I had the chance to change a rule, it would be one that allows hostelites to move freely outside, to any place and at any time they want. Additionally, the girls’ hostel has no ‘selfouting’ permission, along with a strict curfew which restricts them from moving around, even inside the campus. We are capable of taking steps to ensure our safety. College is where we understand the world and gradually be come mature enough to be independent. To live in cages in the name of safety prevents us from experiencing life as it is meant to be. Sairam, III, BTech Computer Science and Engineering, Gitam University, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
What indicators should be used to measure the quality of engineering institutions?
Recently, I received numerous phone calls from friends and rela tives who were anxious to choose the right engineering college for their wards. The questions that they raised included: Which are the top ranked engineering colleges? Are the socalled topranked colleges really top colleges? Is it worthwhile to study in a particular engineering college? Are the details given on the websites of certain colleges true? How to ﬁ nd out whether the colleg es have made empty promises and tall claims? It was clear that many engineering aspirants and their pa rents believe many myths about en gineering education and colleges. I asked two questions to whoever contacted me to get my views on choosing colleges: First, do you
get admission in the college on the basis of merit. It is undeniable that many engi neering colleges are run like marks producing factories. These institu tions focus on tests and exams, marks and results, and not on indi viduals’ knowledge, skills, talents and aspirations. Such institutions achieve higher pass percentage and, unfortunately, are ranked above other institutions which im part holistic education and encour age students to acquire not only knowledge and skills but also ﬁ nd meaning and purpose in what they do. Myths Many aspirants and their parents are quite confused and do not know which institute to choose. Adver tisements in the print and electron ic media misleads them, causing them to be carried away by certain myths: 1 Institutions that make most students pass exams and pro duce good results are excellent
Habits for a rainy day Hobbies are what we do with a certain level of persistence, and with no expectation of payback, other than satisfaction a hobby, we are told, that is the fact that this could be
backpacker’s guide) usha raman
worth cultivating. Which brings me to the actual point I want to make in this fort night’s column — the value of a hobby. For leisure A reader recently wrote to me mentioning a set of ques tions in the civil services ex amination that had to do with hobbies (starting with the somewhat obvious the refore puzzling: “what is a hobby?”). Let’s get that one out of the way — a hobby is something we do in leisure, for our pleasure or satisfac tion. Reading purely for the pleasure of it (as opposed to studying) for instance. Arts, crafts, or sports, when not done as part of one’s liveli hood or profession, would be common hobbies. But,
I learned a new word today: tsundoku. In a strange syn chronous moment, two un related people in my social network mentioned it, and I hurried to the nearest on line source (bypassing good old Wikipedia for a some what more legitimate site for words — oxforddictionar ies.com), to ﬁ nd that it is “a Japanese word that has no direct synonym in English.” But, it more or less tran slates as “the act of leaving a book unread after buying it, typically piling it up togeth er with other such unread books.” All my bibliophile friends — and I — promptly hit the like button on those posts, the word having reso nated deeply within our be ings, faced as we are with overﬂ owing shelves and sur faces occupied almost en tirely by books that have turned into good intentions. So, bookbuyingforde ferredreading is practically a hobby for many of us. It is something we do in our spare time. As opposed to actually reading. Well, that too. In my own list of hob bies, I would count the lat ter, not the former, as I ima Time to invest: Healing gine, would most of you. It is hobbies
asked in a national exam of some gravity made me won der if the idea of a hobby has become outdated in some way. Yes, we all have some leisure, but more often than not, we spend that time do ing things that involve screens — watching, scroll ing, swiping, clicking. Old fashioned hobbies such as collecting stamps, coins or other thingamajigs, exercis ing one’s artistic or creative faculties, like embroidery, baking, carpentry, or more, painting, music, or outdoor activities like gardening or trekking seem to be just that — old fashioned. A hobby is also something we do with a certain level of persistence, and with no ex pectation of payback, other than our own satisfaction or enjoyment. It is something we can lose ourselves in, and can keep coming back to. Sometimes they turn into alternative livelihoods, res cuing us when our regular jobs seem to dry up, or help ing us energise ourselves from the daily grind. Having a hobby saves us from the wearying routine of our oth er everyday activities, and reminds us that our minds and hands can do other things. So maybe it is time we got a little old fashioned? The author teaches at the University of Hyderabad and edits Teacher Plus. [email protected]
know your english) S. upendran
What is the diﬀ erence between ‘populous’ and ‘popular’? (B Ven katesh, Bengaluru)
Both words come from the Latin ‘populus’ meaning ‘people’. Of the two, ‘popular’ is much more fre quently used than ‘populous’. When you say that someone is ‘pop ular’, what you are suggesting is that the person is liked or admired by many people. A restaurant that is ‘popular’ is frequented by many pe ople; a lot of people eat there. ‘Pop ulous’, on the other hand, is mostly used with a place — it could be a CM YK
GAME ON b
Genre: Tactical roleplaying Publisher: Versus Evil Does the battle of light against darkness pique your interest? This turnbased strategy/role playing game developed by Stoic Studio encompasses this and more. Steeped in Viking culture, The Banner Saga 3 has won over 20 awards and has been nominated for four BAFTA awards. In this storydriven game, every decision you make has farreaching consequences and impacts how the events unfold. It is aimed at gamers who appreciate art, story and strategy. According to its developers, every scene is hand painted and has been combined with traditional animation techniques to provide it a vintage look. The immersive soundtracks will definitely keep you mesmerised. It has been released on Microsoft Windows, macOS, PlayStation 4, Nintendo Switch and Xbox One.
FAR: Lone Sails Genre: Exploration adventure Publisher: Mixtvision Digital GmbH Far: Lone Sails is a “vehicle adventure game”, set in a post apocalypse world, where the player controls a hybrid vehicle that can be driven on both land and water. Overcoming various obstacles and natural hazards, you need to travel across a driedout seabed on which the remains of a oncethriving civilisation are scattered. Along the way, you’ll encounter different puzzles and will have to keep repairing your vehicle in an attempt to explore and travel as much as possible. There are no traditional enemies or zombies in the game. The hazards are mainly environmental. It has been released on Xbox One, PlayStation 4, Microsoft Windows and OS X.
The author is an academic, columnist and freelance writer. E: [email protected] T:@albertprayan
You are worth more than you think, and it is only when you start accepting this will people also see you in the same light
EQ....Self worth) krithvi shyam
Do you ever feel like you are not good enough? That when other people achieve so mething, it is because of their general awesomeness, but when you accomplish so mething, it is probably by ﬂ uke? Do you set really low expectations for yourself and try not to get your hopes up, in the assumption that if things don’t go your way, you won’t be badly hurt, but when they do, you will be pleasantly surprised? I think like this quite often and have been working on trying to change and “owning my awesomeness”. All of us have something special about us that another person doesn’t have, and if we place the right amount of value on our selfworth, it allows the awesomeness to shine. If you have low self es teem, it can really mess with you — you end up having ne gative thoughts, take time to bounce back from setbacks and make yourself more vul nerable to stress. It could also impact your conﬁ dence and the way you come across to
How is the word ‘emolument’ pro nounced? (S Jyothi, Kanpur)
‘could’; and ‘would’ and the ﬁ nal ‘e’ is pronounced like the ‘a’ in ‘china’. The word is pronounced ‘iMOLyu ment’; with the stress on the second syllable. Like ‘popular’ and ‘popu lous’, this word too is of Latin ori gin. It comes from ‘emolumentum’ meaning ‘proﬁ t’ or ‘gain’. In Latin ‘emolere’ means ‘grind out’; the word emolument was ﬁ rst used to refer to the money that people paid the miller for grinding their corn. Nowadays, of course, the word is used to refer to the payment one re ceives for the work one has done — it could be in the form of cash or so mething else.
The ﬁ rst vowel sounds like the ‘i’ in ‘bit’, ‘sit’ and ‘kit’, while the se cond is like the ‘o’ in ‘cot’, ‘got’ and ‘hot’. The ‘u’ sounds like the ‘ou’ in
What is the meaning of ‘history sheeter’? (R Meenakshi Sundaram, Chennai)
people. If they see you put ting yourself down, then eventually they might start to believe in it too. There are no overnight cures for changing the way you think about yourself, but here are some ideas to get started: Stop making excuses for your accomplishments: If you have done so mething well, own up to it. Accept compliments saying “thank you, I worked hard for it so I’m really happy about this!”. Don’t look a gift horse in the mouth. If you did something well, take time out to celebrate your success in stead of wondering why it happened to you. Refrain from making comparisons with others: As our ﬁ ngerprints tell us, no two people are alike. When comparing yourself to oth ers, you end up focusing more on your ﬂ aws than on : :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
All of us have something special about us that another person doesn’t have.
Not all standard dictionaries list the terms ‘history sheeter’ and ‘rowdy sheeter’; those that do in clude them make it clear that they are examples of Indian English. The terms are used in our country to ref er to a person with a criminal re cord — someone who has been ar rested by the police. Native speakers of English refer to the sheet that the police use to list the crimes committed by an individual as ‘rap sheet’. In India, it is called ‘history sheet’. It contains the histo ry of the crimes that the individual has committed or has been accused of committing. The term ‘history sheeter’ and ‘rowdy history shee ter’ were coined to refer to some one who has a criminal record — someone who has a ‘history sheet’. Native speakers, however, do not refer to someone with a ‘rap sheet’ as a ‘rap sheeter’. Chances are, the wellknown his
what’s going right for you. If you make comparisons to set goals, change the way you go about it. It’s no longer about “X is the class topper and I need to beat her”, but “I’ve done well but I know I can do better next time.” Set your own standards instead of using others as a benchmark. Believe in your strengths: If there are some things you are good at, recog nise this and keep doing more of it. There will be times when you encounter failure, and it will be tempt ing to start thinking negative ly because of this. At those times, remind yourself that you do have strengths too, and your times of failure per haps did not capitalise on them. Give back to society: Al truistic acts contain an ele ment of selfinterest. In this case, volunteer your time and skills for a positive cause. This will help you create a tangible diﬀ erence in others’ lives, while also allowing you to appreciate what you have to give and to be thankful for what you have. They say “treat others the way you would like to be treated”, but I believe the co rollary is also important : “treat yourself the way you want others to treat you”. The author is a psychologist and management consultant. [email protected]
tory sheeter, will be our next CM. The police refused to ﬁ le an FIR against the rowdy history sheeter. Which is correct ‘discharge from hospital’ or ‘release from hospi tal’? (B Krishnaveni, Chennai)
The Banner Saga 3
Moonlighter Genre: Action RPG indie Publisher: 11 bit studios Developed by Spanish indie studio Digital Sun, this game revolves around Will, an adventurous shopkeeper, who secretly wishes to become a hero. He stays in a small village named Rynoka which is located near a set of ancient passages — discovered after an archaeological excavation — that lead to different realms and dimensions. Adventurers return from quests and sell their riches in the village. As Will, players need to be involved in activities such as shopkeeping, fighting off enemies, interacting with the neighbours, crafting armour and weapons, and travelling to other dimensions on adventures. The game has been praised by critics for its art style and animation. It has been released on PlayStation 4, Microsoft Windows, Xbox One, Nintendo Switch and macOS.
Believe in yourself
The thief is a history-sheeter country, state, area, etc. When you say that a place is ‘populous’, what you are suggesting is that it is full of people; it is ‘densely populated’. In dia, for example, has a very big pop ulation — it is a populous country. These types of shoes are popular with teenagers. I don’t wish to live in a populous metropolitan city after I retire. By the way, the word ‘pop’ in ‘pop music’ — the kind of music that a lot of people like to listen to — is actually a contraction of ‘popular’.
Yardsticks What kind of indicators should be used to measure the quality of engi neering institutions? On what basis should professional colleges be ranked? Deﬁ nitely, it should not be based on pass percentage and the number of university ranks colleges have produced. To make students just pass exams good teachers are not required but only task masters are required. Educational institu tions that are obsessed with pass percentage focus more on coaching than on teaching and do not allow teachers and students to think crea tively and critically. The faculty are the backbone of any educational institution. Any re puted college should have qualiﬁ ed, experienced, openminded and re
Accrediting bodies Engineering institutions that are really interested in and committed to improving the quality of educa tion strive to meet standards set by accrediting bodies. ABET, a globally recognised organisation that accre dits college and university pro grams in engineering and engineer ing technology, makes it mandatory for engineering institutions that ap ply for accreditation to articulate a number of student outcomes for en gineering graduates including ﬁ eld speciﬁ c knowledge, an ability to ap ply knowledge, analytical skills, problem solving skills, communica tion skills, knowledge of the world and contemporary issues, and so on. The question is whether engi neering institutions that are really committed to enabling students “to study engineering in the context of service to society and the need to address complex challenges” posed by the modern world and to acquire the much needed 21st century skills, 4Cs: communication, collabora tion, creativity and critical thinking will be recognised as real top institutions.
want your ward to study in a coach ing centre type of institution or in an institution where his/her talents and skills are recognised and nur tured? Second, do you want your ward to be programmed and treat ed like a robot, or like a human be ing? I am happy that some students do enquire about colleges and courses before making good choic es. Unfortunately, some are mis guided and land in the wrong place. A student who had impressive cut oﬀ marks for engineering decided to choose a college that is not top ranked. When asked why she did so, her father replied, “I want my daughter to study in an institution where there is freedom and where she can shine not only in curricular but also in cocurricular and extra curricular activities.” Quite shock ingly, another student who had good cutoﬀ marks paid a huge amount of money as capitation fee and joined a socalled topranked institution as a management quota student, as he thought he would not
Engineering students who pass their exams with a high per centage have sound engineering knowledge and skills. 3 Institutions which have strict rules can produce good students and prepare them for the workplace. 4 Engineering is a serious pro gramme and therefore, students should focus only on their cours es and not take part in nonaca demic activities. Contrary to these popular myths, many students who have graduated from liberal institutions excel in their career, and attribute their suc cess to the education they had in the colleges which were not ob sessed with higher pass percentage and meaningless rules, but were in terested in creating opportunities for students to develop their leader ship skills. Those who have scored good marks are academically bright and successful in life is a myth be cause many who scored less in engi neering programmes have cracked many competitive exams such as ci vil services and CAT, and are quite successful in their career.
sourceful faculty who create oppor tunities for their students to deve lop their knowledge and skills and inspire their students by their own academic achievements. It is a shame that many socalled top ranked institutions do not have such faculty. Besides the quality of faculty who contribute to the creation of new knowledge and encourage in novation and research, the other factors that should be considered are infrastructure, employability of graduates, institutionindustry con nect, alumni and public percep tions of the institutions.
Aspire C1 Practice tests with key Publisher: Pearson The Pearson Test of English Academic (PTE) is a computerbased English Language test that measures your reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills. The C1 scale is the CEFR (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages, 2001), which refers to a proficient user of the language. This book provides you with practice tests designed to challenge you at the C1 level. The practice tests are divided into four sections. Sample answers with explanations are provided. Apart from this, the book also provides a score guide, audio scripts, and answer key. Student answer test 2 not only contains the answers, but also comments by the examiner on what worked in the answer, and what could be improved.
Dictionaries on collocations sug gest that ‘discharge’ is the appro priate word. When you say that so meone was released from hospital, it suggests that the authorities forced the individual to stay — much against his will. I suppose this is possible in the case of psychiatric patients. In most cases, people would use ‘discharge’. ************* A hospital should also have a re covery room adjoining the cashier’s oﬃ ce. Francis Owalsh The author teaches at the English and Foreign Languages University, Hyderabad. [email protected] A ND-NDE
‘Learn from everyone’ “Don’t put all your eggs in one basket. Keep an eye out for opportunities,” says Sidd Coutto Indian drummer of the alternative rock band, ‘Zero’ b
Musician Sidd Coutto, one whom almost every 90s kid grew up listening to, be lieves that there is someth ing to learn from everyone. The singer/ songwriter/ drummer/guitarist is fa mous for being a ‘oneman army’. Coutto went to Our Lady of Salvation High School in Dadar West, Mumbai, for primary edu cation and later to Shrimati Sulochandevi Singhania High School in Thane. So, what kind of a student was he, and pat comes the rep ly, “I was a nerdy and stu dious kid for most part of my school days.” Talking about the special moments and memories from his
schooling days, he remi nisces, “School holds more memories, but particularly funny is leading the school band at sports day, waving the baton around.” Multiple interests While school was fun, his career in music started in college. Coutto went to St. Joseph’s in Bengaluru for a year before majoring in economics and commerce from St. Xavier’. His four years in Mumbai was when he began his musical jour ney. “College is where I started playing in rock bands, and I put all my energy into music,” says Coutto. Like every other youngster, the ‘Hotbox’ ar tist too had a number of
School and college are all about human interaction and social intelligence. ideas cooking in his head. “I have had so many ideas growing up, that this is just one of the things I planned on pursuing.” Talking about his early days in the music industry, Coutto, who is considered to be one of the best in In dia when it comes to play ing ‘looper sets’, explains how music came naturally to him. “I realised after col lege that I had spent years developing my skills, and it made sense to utilise them professionally. After that, it was about constantly meet
ing people and playing my music. Music came to me naturally, thankfully, but I do have to work hard at learning to play instru ments.” When asked if he would have been happy if he was in some other profession, his answer reminds us of his song ‘Happy’, “I would have been the same in any profession, doing my own thing one way or another.” “School and college are life lessons. They are all about human interaction and social intelligence. There are rules, some of them are dumb to you, but you have to follow them, just like in life, because that is the way it is. You can choose to go against the
system, but the same thing that happens in school, happens in real life,” he continues. “I don’t have kids. So, I have no idea what the present education system is like. But everyone has access to Google and YouTube, and there is nothing one can’t learn from the Internet, when necessary.” Words of wisdom Coutto learnt from his fath er that “the only thing con stant in life is change.” Con sequently, he encourages youngsters to look out for opportunities. “Don’t put all your eggs in one basket. Develop multiple skills and constantly keep an eye out for opportunities.”
Medicine has always been my ﬁ rst choice when it came to ca reer. While scouting for institutions that had the best mix of practice and re search, I discovered that the University of Southampton’s Faculty for Medicine is a thriving multi disciplinary faculty and one of the lead ers in the medical education in the U.K. I also learnt that Southampton is a pleasant sunny town just 80minute from London. The decision to study abroad is not always easy, but all my ap prehensions vanished once I came here. Once on campus, the freshers’ festivities, continued for over a week before the start of our course, which helped me make friends. The course is designed in an engaging manner where students simultaneously participate in a range of activi ties. For example, in my ﬁ rst week, I was able to meet patients and start learning how to make case histories. A few weeks later, I witnessed a birth.. Teaching methodologies I will be starting my third year at Southampton soon and so far, we have been taught all the bas ic sciences by organ system. I ﬁ nd this approach useful as I am able to make connections bet ween subjects such as anatomy, physiology, pathology and pharmacology as each of them was taught at the same time as they relate to that organ system. This is diﬀ erent from the Indian teaching methodology where medicine is taught subjectwise, so you learn the anatomy of all the organs ﬁ rst and then the physiology, and so on. The best thing about the course is the friendly and approachable faculty. They are always will ing to help. The academics are extremely pas sionate about their subject and that comes
Gender-neutral spaces The introduction of India’s ﬁ rst genderneutral hostel by the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai, is an aﬃ rmation in the continued struggle for the recognition of gender diversity. Sone views. b
From making case histories to witnessing a birth in the ﬁ rst few weeks of his course, Vineeth discovered how diﬀ erent studying medicine in the U.K. was
Shreya Upendra, III, BA Psychology (Liberal Arts), double minor in Sociology and Media Studies, Symbiosis School for Liberal Arts, Pune Gender has been perpetually re cognised through a universal and normative category that has inevit ably led to its homogenisation. Ho wever, this endeavour has acknow ledged gender as an analytical category that allows selfexpres sion dictated solely by personal choice, leaving little or no room for victimisation. Genderinclusive spaces are, therefore, necessary to build acceptance and tolerance to wards nonbinary or gender non conforming individuals in a collec tivistic society.
Mohika Mudgal, II, BSc. (Hons) Economics, Indian School of Business and Finance, New Delhi It is imperative to acknowledge the need for more genderneutral spaces. This is more of a cultural notion than a biological construct. Gender is a game played by the cells in our body. It is easy to con fuse it with sex. Gender is not sex. Our homes do not have separate washrooms. When we sleepover at our cou sins’, everybody shares the same room. There is no bias. In fact, it would be disturbing if we had ex clusive spaces. A baby step at a time is how we transform the world.
Ramkrishna Rajak, I, L.L.B, University of Delhi A genderequal society should be one where the word 'gender' does not exist. Since time imme morial, the issue of gender divide has been embedded in our society, in which the discrimination in hos tels is the most common one. The recent move of TISS, Mumbai, to wards gender inclusivity is a major reform which will enable students to study in an ecosystem that ena bles their dignity. But to make this a reality in its full potential, there should be increased awareness and behavioral change among ev ery section of our society along with required infrastructure.
To make most of your campus life, Mithila Pal kar shares interesting hacks with Vodafone U in a web series ‘Mithila’s SortCuts’. The digital campaign #SortedHai welcomes the youth to the new academic year with exciting proposi tions. The ﬁ rst webisode ‘Having Friends Over’ caters to the partying needs of college stu dents. With Vodafone’s 50% oﬀ on Amazon Prime subscription, Mithila shares her movie night ideas. For those with big dreams and small budgets, oﬀ ers on phone recharges, F&B, fashion, youth centric spaces and more are here to save you every Wed nesday, Thursday and Friday.
Vineeth Lekkala College:
University of Southampton, the U.K. Course:
across in the way they teach. We are given quick, comprehensive and constructive feedback on whatever we do, so we always know how to im prove our performance. Life at the university is made exciting by a host of extracurricular activities that are a regu lar part of the culture here. Currently, I am a part of the International Medics Society and we host events where several medics from the inter national fraternity get together, interact with and support each other. My overall experience so far has been exhilarating and unforgettable. Southampton now feels like a home away from home. Vineeth Lekkala is a second-year student of medicine at the University of Southampton, the U.K.
Imagine Cup Finals Three Indian students, Chi droop I, Pratik Mohapatra, and Srihari HS from R. V. Col lege of Engi neering, Ben galuru, recently won a special award at the Microsoft Imagine Cup Finals 2018 held in the U.S.A. Team DrugSafe encountered the issue of fake medicines when one of their friends showed no signs of recovery after weeks of tak ing a prescribed medication. They then decid ed to create an app that could authenticate medicines and trace them back to their source. Team smartARM of Canada emerged as the world champion.
Nivetha Sekar, Television Journalism, Asian College of Journalism, Chennai Creating genderinclusive spac es drives home the importance of indiscrimination at the very outset. It helps break the stigma of gender ﬂ uidity and discrimination based on speciﬁ c genders. If hostels and washrooms are made genderinclu sive in colleges and workspaces, it will break down the barriers per taining to speciﬁ c genders within the community and will be a step towards gender equality and inclu sivity. Though the concept of gen derinclusive hostels is alien to our country, it is high time we took the necessary step
Fast track programme FIITJEE introduces LEAP, a fast track programme specially designed for preparing students for JEE Main 2019 in 280 hours. With JEE exams conducted twice a year by NTA, students planning to appear for the main have a great opportunity through LEAP. Methodical teaching, phase tests and online test series for JEE Main are a few highlights of the course. To register online, log on to www.ﬁ itjeelogin.com
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Two engineering students aim to improve the quality of life for patients with their medical aid It is estimated that ﬁ ve in ev ery 1,00,000 people in India suﬀ er from amyotrophic lat erals sclerosis (ALS), a rare, progressive and debilitating condition that weakens muscles and aﬀ ects physical function. People with ALS and other neuromuscular disorders are known to suﬀ er from the ‘dropped head’ condition, and being able to continue normal functions such as maintaining eye contact with others could improve their quality of life. Eﬀ ective treatment: Various clinical applications
Career uplift Advancements in aesthetic medicine have opened up lucrative and promising options
Demand According to industry reports, the stem cell therapy market in India is estimated to reach ₹ 2 billion in 2018, owing to the growing number of stem cell banks and stem cell depositors. Liberalisation of stem cell research and government support are also
strong driving forces. India has established itself as a ma jor player in biotechnology across the Asia Paciﬁ c region, alongside giants such as Japan and South Korea. Ben galuru in speciﬁ c is a major hub for work related to stem cells. Experts al so estimate that the country’s invest ment in stem cell research would be more than ₹ 1,000 crore. The rise in popularity has resulted in a need for skilled and trained manpower. Lucrative career One of the major factors contributing to the growth of the ﬁ eld is the rapidly rising ageing population. Researchers have identiﬁ ed an increase in the number of aged people spending on therapeutics and medicinal services. Since regenerative medicine has been identiﬁ ed as a potential cure for con ditions such as heart diseases, cancer, diabetes and so on, medical students pursuing courses in the ﬁ eld can opt for mainstream specialisations such as cardiology and neurology. Howev er, using ‘indemand' technology to oﬀ er patients more reﬁ ned and eﬀ ec
Students with knowledge of regenerative aesthetic medicine can work in consonance with a multidisciplinary team. tive treatment will add an edge. Additionally, doctors and medical students graduating in dermatology can enhance their dermatosurgical skills with training in regenerative medicine. Although cosmetology and aesthetics are thriving as lucrative ca reer options, students with additional knowledge of regenerative aesthetic medicine can also work in conso nance with a multidisciplinary team to help victims of burns and acci dents. Students can also opt for ca reers in quality, research and deve lopment, production, clinical research, supply chain and human re sources, ﬁ nance and administrative functions. The writer is the founder of CosmoStem Institute Of Regenerative Aesthetic Medicine, New Delhi.
Cracking the civil services code It is essential to stay updated on what is current, and master time management, in order to ace the exams C. Sylendra Babu
Eleven thousand candidates were se lected by the UPSC, out of ﬁ ve hundred thousand candidates who wrote the preliminary examination for the civil services main examina tion. The score in the main exam will be added with the score in the inter view for the appointment of 782 can didates to various services including the coveted IAS, IFS, IPS and the IRS. The main examination commences on September 28. The pattern of main examination is descriptive answers. Both the lan guage papers, the Indian language and the English language, are qualify ing in nature. But candidates have failed to score the minimum marks of 75 out of 300, because of which their seven other papers were not taken up for valuation. Candidates must pay attention to the native language. A candidate’s ultimate success de pends on the score in seven papers of main exam — the general essay, four general studies papers and two op tional papers, all amounting to 1,750 marks. The general essay carries 250 marks. There are two essays, one es say to be selected from each of the two sections, each essay to be an swered in 1,000 to 1,200 words.
Hone your skills: Hard work pays oﬀ
Three hours should be divided equal ly between the two essays. Taking two hours for the ﬁ rst essay and then rushing through the second could be risky. The word limit is meant for a thoughtful comprehensive essay. A candidate has to spend some time to decide on the choice question he is more comfortable with. Spend 15 mi nutes to choose the question, organ ise the replies and then to write. The essay shall have an introduction, bo dy and the conclusion. The four papers of GS comprise ten 10mark questions, to be an swered in 150 words or 15mark ques tionsto be answered in 250 words. It can also be 12.5 marks questions to be answered in 200 words or a com bination of all. There is no choice. As a matter of strategy, a candidate may spend a little longer on the questions
he or she is sure of. But it is unwise to lavish time on such questions beyond the required word limit. Plan your time to attempt all questions, for there is no negative making. A candi date is likely to panic when he or she is running short of time. Time man agement is the key. Current is relevant The aﬀ airs of the state that were re ported and debated recently, and those which have relevance are likely to appear in the GS papers. In eco nomics, for example, the economic and social consequences of demone tisation and GST are the most likely questions. From the constitution and law, the appropriateness of the death penalty for the oﬀ ence of rape of chil dren below 12 years of age, is the most likely question. Salient features
For the disabled For Viswanath S. and Pra veen Kumar G., ﬁ nal year students of biomedical engi neering at SSN College of Engineering, Chennai, a vi sit to an institute supporting persons with disabilities sparked an idea. After two years of study, research and hard work, the duo has come up with an external aid for ALS patients — one that oﬀ ers head, chin and
neck support. “The products that are currently available weigh one to three kgs and cost more than ₹ 40,000. With our aid, we aim to reduce both the cost and the weight, without compromis ing on the quality of support it provides,” says Viswanath. “We have been studying the biomechanics behind the device and have designed it using 3Dmodelling soft ware,” he adds. The device is largely made of aluminium — which makes it comparatively light, at around 800 grams — and is designed in such a way that the head’s load is distributed equally over the thoracic and back region of the body. The product can be created in multiple sizes, with adjustable height. Ad ditional features such as cushion support and nylon straps aim to increase com fort and reduce diﬃ culties in swallowing, speaking or breathing while wearing the aid. The team estimates that
the cost of producing a piece could be around ₹ 1,000. Way forward With initial funding from SSN, the students are ob taining validation from the National Institute for Empo werment of Persons with Multiple Disabilities and the Spastics Society of Tamilna du. Trials are being con ducted with patients, and the aid has been constantly modiﬁ ed based on user feedback. “Once we are sa tisﬁ ed with the trials, we plan to massproduce the device in collaboration with orthotic and prosthetic centres,” hopes Viswanath. The duo is open to prospec tive collaborations to scale up production. With a patent being ﬁ led and the process of valida tion and approval under way, the device is close be come a reality. “We believe that the aid can help pa tients lead normal lives,” signs oﬀ Praveen Kumar.
Becoming a reputed doctor is the prime goal of every medical aspirant. The advancement in IT has opened up more roles and specialisations in medical science than before — one of them is regenerative aesthetic medi cine. Often touted as a magic bullet for various clinical applications, stem cell therapy, also known as regenera tive medicine, is medically deﬁ ned as the capability of renewing tissue for the lifetime of an organism. It has emerged as the latest method to help the body repair and regenerate age ing cells, tissues, and organs. It not only helps in improving or rehashing appearance, but also in repairing dys functional or injured tissues. The technology is an eﬀ ective treatment for neurological condi tions, chronic kidney diseases, COPD and other lung diseases, liver diseas es, autoimmune disorders, ophthal molic diseases, infertility, and condi tions related to orthopedics, cardiology and cosmetic procedures. It has also been identiﬁ ed as a poten tial treatment for Type 1 diabetes mel litus, rheumatoid arthritis, Parkin son’s disease and a variety of cancerous conditions. Over the past decade, aesthetic medicine has gained a distinct status, setting it apart from skin medicine or dermatology. It oﬀ ers career oppor tunities not just to doctors and aes thetic physicians but also to non medicine trained staﬀ . Students with degrees such as MBBS and above, BDS, BAMS, MTech, PhD and MSc can apply for the course. The course mo dules include orthobiologics, aesthet ics for face and genital, PRP therapy, bone marrow stem cells, adipose de rived stem cells and metabolic medicine.
Dedicated: Viswanath S. and Praveen Kumar G. with mentor Prof. M. Dhanalakshmi
of the Constitution (the one hundred and ﬁ rst amendment) was a question which appeared last year because it was current and had signiﬁ cance. As questions can be asked from any sphere, you must be familiar with the syllabus, the topics and the subtopics. What pays is taking down notes as you read under appropriate topic head, and frequently revisit them. Ultimately, you have to impro vise these notes according to the na ture of the question. Read the question a few times to get the clarity as to what the task is. It might be any of these; to discuss, ex plain, analyse, critically examine, evaluate, and so on. Each is diﬀ erent from the other. If you miss the catch word, you might miss the correct answer. The correct approach in the GS should be multidimensional answers; highlighting the social, eco nomic, and political aspects along with your view point. But in the op tional papers, an expert’s approach is ideal. In the ethics case studies, you can give personal examples keeping in mind the constitution, the law, and the conduct rules. In the era of touch screens, it is ob vious that handwriting skills are at a premium. If the handwriting is illegi ble, it might aﬀ ect your chances of good score even if the answers are wellwritten. It is therefore, impera tive, that you practice handwriting skills, which can be combined with essay writing practice or the test se ries of the coaching centre. The author is Additional Director General of Police, Railways, Tamil Nadu. www.sylendrababu.com
International workshop IIT Mandi is planning to con duct an international work shop on nano/micro 2D3D fabrication technology and manufacturing of electron icbiomedical devices from
October 31 to November 2. The workshop aims to bring together engineers, indus trialists, scientists and re searchers from across the world to discuss the pro
gress and trends in the ﬁ eld. Prof. Ashutosh Sharma, Se cretary, Department of Science and Technology, Go vernment of India, will be the chief guest.
SCHOLARSHIPS) b FICA Emerging Artist Award 2018
To promote young artists studying or practising in India who have demonstrated extraordinary skills and promise in the visual arts, Pro Helvetia Swiss Arts Council, New Delhi and FICA is oﬀ ering grants to budding artists to present their art to the world. Eligibility:
Candidates who are between 18 to 35 years of age with valid Indian passport. Prizes and Rewards:
90 days residency in Switzerland, round trip air and local travel and participation in FICA annual exhibition in 2020.
Application: Online Deadline: August 31
http://www.b4s. \in/edge /FEA3 Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY) 2018 b
Students with exceptional brilliance, planning to pursue Basic Science programme (BSc, BS, BStat, BMath) or Integrated MSc, MS and build their career in research, are invited by the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, to apply for the scholarship. Eligibility: Applicant must meet varying eligibility criteria, depending on the programme under
taken. Relaxation is oﬀ ered to reserved category students. Prizes and Rewards:
Monthly stipend of ₹ 5,000 to 7,000 and annual contingency grant of ₹ 20,000 to 28,000. Application: Online Deadline: August 30 http://www.b4s. in/edge /KVP8 National Child Award for Exceptional Achievement 2018
Exemplary students from the ﬁ eld of academics, arts, culture, design, sports, social service, music or ﬁ elds that are deserving as per the decision of Central or National Selection
Committee, are invited by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India. Eligibility: Students falling between the age group of 5 to 17 years. Prizes and Rewards:
Gold and silver medal, award money up to ₹ 20,000, book vouchers up to ₹ 10,000 with certiﬁ cate and citation. Application: Online Deadline: August 31 http://www.b4s. in/edge /NCA6 Courtesy: www.buddy4 study.com
An elearning hub for African universities mooted by the Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations in 2017 has now gone live. The hub offers free content, intended to enhance the teaching of agriculture, to more than 35 member universities across Africa.
The Iranian Space Agency has signed agreements with three Iranian universities to jointly work in manufacturing CubeSat and a Small Student Satellite project in collaboration with the AsiaPacific Space Cooperation (APSCO). According to Morteza Barari, Director of ISA, natural disasters such as drought, dust and water management can be controlled by remote sensing satellites.
Under the European Council (EIC) pilot, 14 topclass projects will be supported by the European Commission to usher their innovations into the market. From the Fast Track to Innovation strand, each project will receive around € 2 million, funded under Horizon 2020, the EU’s research and innovation programme. COMPILED BY AALIA AHAMED
A twoday workshop on Research Methodology with Data Analysis using SPSS was or ganised by D.Y. Patil University, School of Management, Navi Mumbai. The workshop explained practical methods, tools and ideas to conduct research. Over 20 faculty members and research scholars from several colleges participated. A ND-NDE
https://t.me/TheHindu_Zone_official monday O august 13, 2018
Multilayered security system in place ahead of I-Day 70,000 security personnel deployed as Capital turns into fortress; allwomen SWAT team to be part of arrangements for the ﬁ rst time STAFF REPORTER NEW DELHI
Former law panel chief bats for gender diversity NEW DELHI
Former Law Commission of India chairperson Justice A.P. Shah has said that gender diversity in judiciary is equally important an issue to tackle as that of pendency and judicial delay. Justice Shah said, “Merit and diversity should be seen as complementary rather than contradictory values.” CITY
A PAGE 2
Woman killed by jilted neighbour, accused held NEW DELHI
A 22-year-old woman was killed by her neighbour in Bhalswa Dairy in north-west Delhi on Saturday afternoon, the police said on Sunday. The accused, who had allegedly been forcing her to leave her husband and marry him, has been arrested. CITY
The Capital on Sunday turned into a fortress with a multilayered security system in place ahead of Indepen dence Day celebrations. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will address the nation from the Red Fort on Wed nesday (August 15) to mark the 72th Independence Day. More than 70,000 security personnel have been de ployed across the city to keep a check on suspicious activities.
A PAGE 3
No kiteﬂ ying zone “We had an interState coor dination meeting with ad joining States over security in the Capital during Inde pendence Day celebrations. Unmanned aerial vehicles [UAV] and unmanned air craft systems [UAS], includ ing drones and hanggliders, have been banned complete ly in DelhiNCR till Indepen dence Day celebrations end,” said Delhi Police PRO Mad
Security personnel keep vigil at Red Fort (right) and India Gate.
hur Verma. He said the area around the Red Fort has been de clared as a no kiteﬂ ying zone till 11 a.m. on Wednes day. The restriction has been communicated to various re sidential colonies around the
Additional Secy in top govt echelons under CBI scanner ‘Oﬃ cials were illegally transferring thousands of dollars abroad’
fort. In view of route diver sions, the police are putting up information related to al ternative routes via social media and placards on roads that have been diverted. More than 200 windows
Top government oﬃ cials, in cluding an Additional Secre tary posted in the highest le vel of the Central government and a former New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) chairman, have come under Central Bureau of Investigation scanner in a corruption case. Among the suspects are two senior IAS oﬃ cers of 1980s batches. Details related to them were found this past week during a CBI search in the of ﬁ ce of caterer Rakesh Tiwari at the NDMC’s Palika Servic es Oﬃ cers Institute in Chana kyapuri here. CBI oﬃ cers seized ‘hawala’ transaction records indicating that se nior oﬃ cials were illegally transferring thousands of dollars abroad. Roadblock for agency However, the CBI’s major concern is that a recent amendment to the Preven tion of Corruption Act, intro duced ostensibly to protect honest serving and retired government functionaries, will make it diﬃ cult for the agency to take forward the probe against these top oﬃ cials. The amendment makes it mandatory for probe agen
The CBI headquarters in the Capital.
cies to take prior approval from competent authority before initiating investiga tions against public servants. One of the suspected oﬃ cials had earlier been investi gated in connection with another case of allegedly causing losses to the exche quer, said an agency source. The current probe began with lodging of an FIR alleg ing that Mr. Tiwari, who ear lier ran a canteen at the CBI headquarters, had been re ceiving money through ‘ha wala’ from Neeraj Kochar, owner of Mumbaibased Vi raj Proﬁ les, to help get infor mation and favours in a dis proportionate assets case against an Indian Revenue Service oﬃ cer. He is also an accused in the case. The FIR alleges that Mr. Ti wari was in regular contact with certain oﬃ cers of the
Crucial seizures After Mr. Tiwari and Mr. Ko char were arrested for al leged involvement in the conspiracy, the CBI carried out searches on their premis es. During the ﬁ rst round, the agency seized ₹ 2.86 crore. However, crucial seizures were made from the Chana kyapuribased NDMC insti tute’s oﬃ ce occupied by Mr. Tiwari. “Documents related to ha wala transactions involving senior oﬃ cials were seized, besides 21 luxury watches, ₹ 80 lakh and jewellery worth ₹ 1.6 crore from a cupboard in his oﬃ ce,” said an oﬃ cer. Mr. Kochar had allegedly sought favours pertaining to the FIR lodged by the CBI on July 26, 2017, against IRS of ﬁ cer Vivek Batra, then post ed with Mumbai’s Income Tax Department, and others. It was alleged that the IRS oﬃ cer had invested his ill gotten wealth in Mr. Kochar’s Viraj Proﬁ les.
opening towards the Red Fort have been sealed and se curity personnels deployed on each building. The entire route that will be taken by the Prime Minster to reach the fort has been covered with CCTV cameras. Six
Unholy nexus between CBI and IAS oﬃ cers: AAP ‘Agency silent on Palika institute raids’ Staff Reporter
CBI’s AntiCorruption BranchIII. Five oﬃ cers of the unit, including those be longing to the rank of the De puty Superintendent of Pol ice, Inspector and SubInspector, have been ex amined so far to determine identities of those involved.
Devesh K. Pandey
The Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) on Sunday alleged there was an “unholy nexus between the CBI and IAS oﬃ cers” in the city as the probe agency has chosen to stay silent on raids conducted at the Palika Services Oﬃ cers Institute (PSOI). The caterer of the institute was allegedly found acting as the middleman between the CBI and IAS oﬃ cers accused in corruption cases. Speaking at a press confe rence, AAP chief spokesper son Saurabh Bharadwaj said reports suggest that cash up to ₹ 3.6 crore, jewellery worth ₹ 1.6 crore, personal docu ments like passports, details of hawala transactions, etc., of IAS oﬃ cers of the UT cadre were found but the CBI is yet to disclose the names of the IAS oﬃ cers. ‘Press release’ “Can the CBI deny it conduct ed a raid at PSOI, Chanakya puri, last week? The CBI nor mally issues a release when it makes recoveries between ₹ 50,000 and ₹ 2 lakh. Why did the CBI not issue any press release or inform the media about the PSOI inci dent? Was an FIR ﬁ led?” were some of the questions Mr. Bharadwaj raised during the press conference.
Can the CBI deny < > it conducted a raid at PSOI, Chanakyapuri, last week? The CBI normally issues a release when it makes recoveries between ₹ 50,000 and ₹ 2 lakh. Why did the CBI not issue any press release or inform the media about the PSOI incident? Was an FIR ﬁ led? Saurabh Bharadwaj AAP chief spokesperson
He added that the bu reaucracy had surrendered to the Central government as they were aware the Kej riwal government will not compromise on corrup tion. Welfare projects The Central government, in turn, needed the bu reaucracy to stall welfare projects being launched by the AAP government in Delhi, he alleged. The AAP demanded that the CBI come clean on what happened during the raids at PSOI Chanakyapu ri, and also requested the Congress and the BJP not to stay silent on the issue and protect corrupt oﬃ cers.
Cong MP seeks quashing of suspension of telecom services Move comes in wake of Internet shutdown spree in States to prevent unrest or cheating during exams Soibam Rocky Singh New Delhi
Congress Rajya Sabha MP Husain Dalwai has moved a statutory motion to quash the Temporary Suspension of Telecom Services Rules, 2017, which allow for tem porary shutdown of Internet services in case of “public emergency or public safety”. The move came in the wake of Internet shutdown spree in diﬀ erent States across the country either to prevent unrest or cheating during examinations. Press Freedom Report The UN’s South Asia Press Freedom Report said 82 In ternet shutdowns were re ported across various States in India between April 2017 and March 2018. The directions for tempor CM YK
People in aﬀ ected < > areas do not know of
ary suspension of telecom services, including Internet services in an area, can eith er be issued by the Union Home Secretary or the State Home Secretary. Ministry’s claims The Home Ministry, howev er, has claimed that it has not ordered any Internet shut down since the Rules came into eﬀ ect last August. Mr. Dalwai said the Inter net was suspended for two days in several major cities of Rajasthan during a police constable exam to prevent cheating. He said this aﬀ ect ed other people in those ci ties who had nothing to do with the exam. The Manipur government suspended Internet services in the State for ﬁ ve days bet ween July 20 and 25. Mr. Dal
wai said a majority of Inter net shutdowns which have been reported in the country have happened in Jammu and Kashmir. Seeking to quash the 2017 Rules, Mr. Dalwai contended that Internet shutdowns con stitute unconstitutional prior restraint on free speech. Internet shutdowns aﬀ ect communication, businesses and even access to essential services like emergency ser
a shutdown till the order actually takes eﬀ ect on the ground. This does not allow the potentially aﬀ ected people to prepare their schedules and activities accordingly Husain Dalwai Congress Rajya Sabha MP
vices and banking, he added. He said the rules do not re quire notiﬁ cation of a shut down that is ordered. “People in aﬀ ected areas do not know of a shutdown till the order actually takes eﬀ ect on the ground. This does not allow the potential ly aﬀ ected people to prepare
their schedules and activities accordingly,” said Mr. Dal wai, adding that Internet shutdowns do not distin guish between people insti gating public disorder and those who are uninvolved. He claimed the govern ment did not follow the pre legislative consultation poli cy, in place since 2014, which requires that any law, includ ing Rules, must be made through a transparent pro cess of public consultation. “It is unclear what consul tations were held. In res ponse to a petition made to it, the Department of Tele communications responded that it consulted appropriate stakeholders but did not pro vide any details on who these stakeholders are,” he said adding, “These details were even denied in an RTI.”
CCTV control rooms will monitor these cameras. “We have installed high deﬁ nition quality CCTV cam eras around the fort for bet ter surveillance. Each corner of the Red Fort is under sur veillance,” said a police oﬃ c
er. Senior police oﬃ cers held meetings with other security agencies to review security measures. Foot patrol The entire fort has been san itised. For antiterror mea
sures, Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) teams of the Delhi Police have been de ployed at vital locations in the city. “For the ﬁ rst time, an all women SWAT team compris ing 36 commandos will be part of security arrange ments on Independence Day,” said an oﬃ cer. “All senior oﬃ cers have been instructed to conduct foot patrol in their jurisdic tion. Shopkeepers and locals have been asked to be the ears and eyes of the police and inform us in case they spot suspicious activities in their localities,” added the oﬃ cer. The police, NSG, Army and Intelligence oﬃ cers also discussed surprise situations like Mr. Modi choosing to meet people at the venue by breaking security cover. He broke security cover earlier to meet children at the Red Fort. SEE ALSO A PAGE 3
Lal Kuan’s kite sellers cut the lethal cord Police keep an eye out for banned ‘Chinese manjha’ Sidharth Ravi New Delhi
Whether or not a mahagatbandhan (grand alliance) will be possible before the next elections, kites being sold in Old Delhi in the runup to the Independence Day celebrations have declared a mahasangharsh (mega struggle) between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Congress president Rahul Gandhi. But the cutthroat competition will be kept at bay with the police keeping a tight check on use of the banned Chinese manjha. “Do not take that name! You will get us into trouble,” said Mohammed Nadiq, one of the hundreds of people who have set up makeshift shops alongside older establishments to sell kites in Chawri Bazar’s Lal Kuan. Locals said many such shops have sprung up in the area over the past week alongside those selling Tricoloured trinkets to cash in on patriotic fervour. Kites reportedly manufactured in Bareilly are bought at wholesale rates and sold here out of the backs of pickup vans or cardboard boxes. Stores that generally sell other wares also stock up on kites owning to heavy demand. Shot in the dark However, the notorious ‘Chinese manjha’ is hard to ﬁ nd. On Sunday, head constable Manish Singh, who is incharge of the area, was seen going from store to store, keeping an eye out for the banned thread. “We have not found any violations yet but we check people’s bags and conduct surprise inspections. We will lodge a case if we ﬁ nd anything, but right now it is just a shot in the dark,” he said. As opposed to the traditional spool of cotton thread or ‘manjha’ that is attached to kites, ‘Chinese manjha’ is made of a synthetic material and comparatively much harder to break. And this is exactly what makes it popular in kiteﬂ ying competitions, where the objective is to make the opponent’s kite fall by cutting the thread. The thread is usually coated
Flying high: Kite sellers at Lal Kuan in Old Delhi on Sunday. *
‘Tradition likely started after Independence’ ‘Season associated with wind pattern’ Staff Reporter New Delhi
Various reports suggest that kite ﬂ ying has been associat ed with Independence since kites with the phrase “Simon Go Back” were supposedly ﬂ own in 1927. However, historian Sohail Hashmi said the tradition likely started soon after Inde pendence. “The kiteﬂ ying season is typically associated with wind pattern. The East erly winds that bring in the with glass, plastic or even metal powder to make it more lethal. After two children died when their throats got slit by the thread in 2016, the Delhi government banned the sale and production of ‘Chinese manjha’. In 2017, the National Green Tribunal declared a nationwide ban on it. However, reports of its use in diﬀ erent parts of the country continue to surface. Strict implementation Most shopkeepers in Lal Kuan cringe at the very mention of ‘Chinese manjha’. “No one here is selling it. We do not want to get ﬁ ned and destroy our business,” said Moolchand, a kite
monsoon make it an ideal time,” he said. Commenting on the ori gin of kite ﬂ ying, he said, “Kites would not have ﬂ own in India at least till the 13th century. After all, paper was invented in Chi na and no tradition linked with it can be viewed as indigenous.” China and Afghanistan, on the other hand, do have a rich tradition of kite ﬂ y ing. seller. However, many believe it can still be found if one knows where to look. Young men walking the busy streets with large stacks of kites and a sense of purpose in their stride are regularly on the lookout for the ‘expert tout’ for supply of this contraband. A July order by Delhi Environment Minister Imran Hussain instructed oﬃ cials to strictly implement the ban, which is said to extend to cotton threads coated with glass powder as well. But as one shopkeeper put it, “Have you never ﬂ own a kite before? All manjhas are coated with glass. We do not sell fake goods.” B ND-NDE
A representative sketch of proposed changes in design. To reduce cutting of trees during redevelopment of the colonies in the Capital, many buildings will change from monolithic structures to more irregular, organic shapes to accommodate the trees that grow amidst them.
CHANGE OF PLANS
(Top) The existing layout of a government colony. (Centre) The earlier redevelopment plan proposed a building block ﬂ anked by green spaces at the cost of wiping out the treelined street network. (Below) The new redesign proposes construction of buildings around existing trees to minimise removal of green cover.
Redesign of seven south Delhi redevelopment projects to avoid tree cutting, following the government’s demand, is likely to save three times more trees in their original locations than the earlier designs, urban planners and architects tell Priscilla Jebaraj
lanners and architects are reducing parking slots as well as housing units, reclassifying green areas, incorporating innova tive building designs and re verting to original street net works in order to comply with the government’s de mand to redesign seven south Delhi redevelopment projects to avoid tree cutting. The redesign is likely to save three times more trees in their original locations than the earlier designs, they said. Seven Central government housing colonies are being redeveloped, replacing nar row treelined streets and small twostorey homes — many of which are in urgent need of repair — with mod ern apartments in 1220sto rey residential towers. The development of commercial spaces alongside is expected to pay for the project. While the Central Public Works Department (CPWD) is responsible for the colo nies at Kasturba Nagar, Thya graj Nagar, Srinivaspuri and Mohammadpur, the NBCC is incharge of projects at Saroji ni Nagar, Netaji Nagar and Nauroji Nagar. The original plans called for felling of al most 17,000 trees.
Widespread protests Widespread citizen outrage and protests against felling of trees in June led the govern ment to halt work, and order that the designs of the pro jects be reworked to avoid treecutting. The redesign has been completed in some projects where initial drafts are ready for submission to the govern ment, but is still ongoing in others. The Hindu spoke to
Noida to go green with vertical gardens Press Trust of India Noida
Taking a cue from China and Italy’s vertical forests, Noida has started setting up vertical gardens to help curb pollution. A vertical garden grows upward us ing a trellis or a similar sup port system. These gardens will come up on pillars under Metro corridors, elevated roads, ﬂ yovers and drains, among other places in the city, Noida Authority oﬃ cials said. The Authority has al ready come up with verti cal gardens at its oﬃ ce in Sector 6, besides one un der the Sector 15 ﬂ yover. CM YK
several planners and archi tects involved in the rede sign, and viewed maps and layouts for some projects. However, the one colony where treecutting has alrea dy taken place — Nauroji Na gar — will not be redesigned substantially as it is being de veloped as a commercial rather than residential com plex. In fact, construction work has already begun, with developers vowing not to cut any more trees — apart from the 1,100 trees already removed — and to replant trees once construction is complete. In residential projects, the existing layout has a multi tude of small plots divided by a crisscrossing network of narrow, treelined streets. Earlier designs for redeve lopment called for this intri cate street network to be wiped out. Planners kept the existing main roads but treated the rest of the space as a clean slate on which they proposed a layout of open green spaces and residential towers with a footprint several orders of magnitude larger than the old plots. Obviously, this meant that trees lining the streets would have to be cut or moved. Under the redesign, plan ners will stick to the old street network as far as possi ble, making it easier to retain trees. However, a more frag mented layout will also result in less wide open spaces. “It is a more restrictive vi sion,” said an architect. The total number of ﬂ ats will also be reduced by 10% 15%. It has inspired some in novation in design, as many buildings will change from monolithic structures to
more irregular, organic shapes to accommodate the trees that grow amidst them. Diﬀ erent vertical shapes are also being tried out, especial ly in commercial areas, said the architect. Some buildings are being planned so that the ﬂ oors above the level of tree cover jut outward in such a way that they do not block sun light reaching the trees below. The other major culprit with regard to treecutting was the government’s initial insistence that all parking must be underground, plan ners said. This will avoid the current situation of roads clogged by parked cars. Delhi Master Plan The government also insisted that parking requirements for redevelopment be calcu lated according to the Delhi Master Plan 2021’s Uniﬁ ed Building ByeLaws (UBBL), which uses the area of a house as the base to calculate how many parking spots are required. An initial proposal to replace UBBL with govern ment housing norms — which allot parking slots based on type of unit rather than area — was vetoed by the government. That propo sal would have reduced re quired parking space by 30%. For example, for the 10,600odd ﬂ ats originally proposed for the Sarojini Na gar project, more than 24,500 parking spots were required and the plan called for three levels of basement space to accommodate them. “When you excavate for a threetier parking, there is simply no possibility of keep
The design for podium slabs, which will have parking beneath, and a thin layer of soil and grass above. There will also be cutouts in the slab for the trees.
ing the trees,” explained one planner. When asked to redesign, architects took several steps to mitigate the parking issue. Only some parking spaces will now be placed under ground; others will use stilt parking and multilevel car parks are being built above ground as well. Podium slabs are also being built in open spaces, with the concrete cut out around tree trunks; be low the slabs lies basement parking, while a thin layer of soil is planted with grass above. One of the uncertain ties lies in whether these slabs can be counted as part of the required “green space” under government norms or not. With all the changes, plan ners have been able to pare down the number of trees which will have to be re moved to a fraction of the number needed in their ear lier designs. Sarojini Nagar, for example, has more than 11,000 trees scattered across its area. Under the earlier design, developers had got permis sion to cut or remove almost 8,000 trees. In the latest draft of the redesign, that will drop to no trees being cut and about 2,000 trees needing to be transplanted.
‘Redevelopment projects to become common in metros in next decade’ It will take place whether policies are in place or not, say experts
hile recent outrage about treecutting put these seven projects in the headlines, ur ban planners say such densi ﬁ cation and redevelopment projects are going to become increasingly common in the heart of Indian metros over the coming decade.
Holistic redevelopment “All those urban areas which came up in the 1960s and 1970s will be due for redeve lopment soon...Our policies and bylaws are not geared towards holistic redevelop ment,” said Raman Sikka, a Delhi architect whose ﬁ rm has worked on urban pro jects across the country. There is need to see rede velopment projects through a wide lens and consider is sues of connectivity, green spaces, landscapes and sky lines, he suggested. Mitu Mathur, an urban planner and architect with GPM Associates, pointed out
< > In Delhi for example, you have redevelopment happening on both sides of Ring Road. In Kidwai Nagar, it is planned government projects, while in South Extension, it is unplanned and being done haphazardly by every individual plot owner Mitu Mathur Urban planner and architect
that redevelopment will take place whether policies are in place or not. “In Delhi for example, you have redevelopment hap pening on both sides of Ring Road. In Kidwai Nagar, it is planned government pro jects, while in South Exten sion, it is unplanned and be ing done haphazardly by every individual plot owner,”
Former law panel chief for gender diversity in judiciary Justice Shah was speaking at a two-day conference organised by Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy
Staff Reporter New Delhi
Former Law Commission of India chairperson Justice A.P. Shah has said that gen der diversity in judiciary is equally important an issue to tackle as that of pendency and judicial delay. ‘Merit and diversity’ Speaking at a twoday confe rence on diversity in the jud iciary organised by the Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy, Jus tice Shah said, “Merit and di versity should be seen as complementary rather than contradictory values.” He called upon the Minis try of Law and Justice to partner with High Courts across the country to pu blish annual diversity statis
Merely improving diversity on the Bench will not suﬃ ce. The need of the hour is judicial sensitisation. The onus is on judicial academies to ensure that judges were well equipped to handle any case irrespective of the social background they may belong to
Justice A.P. Shah called upon the Law Ministry to partner with High Courts across the country to publish annual diversity statistics for both the higher and lower judiciary.
Justice Nishita Nirmal Mhatre Retired Acting Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court
tics for both the higher and lower judiciary similar to what is already being done in other countries.
Earlier this month, ap pointment of Madras High Court Chief Justice Indira Ba nerjee as Supreme Court
judge saw the strength of women judges rise to three for the ﬁ rst time since the in ception of the apex court. Data portal The conference also saw the launch of a dynamic judicial data portal by Vidhi that contains data on gender wise representation of courts across all levels of the judiciary, including district level data. Justice Nishita Nirmal Mhatre, who retired as the Acting Chief Justice of the Calcutta High Court, pointed out that merely improving diversity on the Bench will not suﬃ ce and that the need of the hour was judicial sen sitisation. The onus, she said, was
on judicial academies to en sure that judges were well equipped to handle any case irrespective of the social background they may be long to. Former Madras High Court judge Justice K. Chan dru highlighted the need to change training and learning practices of judges. Inclusive bar Senior advocate Rebecca John stressed that it was equally important to have an inclusive bar as much as a di verse Bench. Among other things, the participants pointed at the lack of train ing provided to higher judi ciary, which could have a di rect impact on the quality of adjudication.
Ms. Mathur said. While several cities are de veloping land pooling poli cies, they may not work if the government demands that owners give up rights to a substantial chunk of their land, said Arun Rewal, an ar chitect and urban planner with Raj Rewal Associates. He suggested that if poli cies are put in place to facili tate cooperative land pool ing by owners themselves, that may oﬀ er better ways for plot reconstitution and redevelopment. While Mr. Rewal empha sised that the design of a re development project must protect the existing vision of the city it is located in, even as it plays around with new typologies, Ms. Mathur said that redensiﬁ cation projects are an opportunity to rein vent the vision of a city. Any densiﬁ cation project must consider its impact on infrastructure and ecology of surrounding areas as well,
but several planners said ex isting policies to assess im pact on traﬃ c, water re sources, ﬂ ooding and pollution are either insuﬃ cient or poorly implement ed. Equity is another key fac tor to be considered. “There needs to be inclu sive planning which allows for mixed housing, with ac commodation for all socio economic classes...We can not create ghettos,” said Mr. Rewal. Kanchi Kohli, who heads an environmental justice programme at the Centre for Policy Research, agreed. “We cannot demolish public spaces and turn them into gated communities. It is not just an ecological problem, but a social justice issue,” she said. Under existing policies, there are few ways for public participation and input into real estate projects, she ad ded.
HC: OCIs appear to enjoy freedom of equality, speech Plea by US-based Indian-origin doctor Press Trust of India
The Delhi High Court has said that Overseas Citizens of India (OCIs) appear to en joy the fundamental rights of equality before law, and freedom of speech and ex pression just like any other Indian citizen. The court’s observation came while asking the Centre to place before it the material based on which an Intelligence report had re commended cancellation of the OCI registration of a Un ited Statesbased Indianori gin doctor. Christo Thomas Philip had challenged cancellation of his OCI registration for al leged missionary activities
Citizenship Act “In terms of Section 7B  of the Citizenship Act, 1955, all rights other than those speciﬁ ed in SubSection  of the said Section are avail able to an OCI cardholder. Although, Article 16 of the Constitution is speciﬁ ed in Section 7B  of the Act, Ar ticles 14 and 19 are not in cluded. Thus, prima facie, the rights under Article 14 [equality before law] and 19 [freedom of speech and ex pression] of the Constitu tion, which are guaranteed to the citizen of India, also appear to be extended to an OCI cardholder,” Justice Vib hu Bakhru said. B ND-NDE
Man held at IGI with drugs in thigh guards NEW DELHI
Woman killed by spurned neighbour, accused held
GDA to start sealing, demolition today GHAZIABAD
The Ghaziabad Development Authority will launch a massive demolition drive against illegally constructed buildings here from Monday. GDA vice-chairperson and DM Ritu Maheshwari said 650 buildings have been identified and they will be sealed by the end of this month. PTI
2 held for hooliganism outside Gurugram mall GURUGRAM
Two men have been arrested for alleged hooliganism outside Sahara mall here, the police said on Sunday. Over a dozen youth in inebriated state assembled after night clubs in the mall closed for the day on August 11, and began torching properties, including police barricades, the police said. PTI
Accused was about to ﬂ ee; said he killed her in a ﬁ t of rage STAFF REPORTER NEW DELHI
A Zambian man has been apprehended by the CISF at the Delhi airport for allegedly trying to smuggle 24 kg drugs by concealing them in thigh guards used by cricketers, a senior official said on Sunday. R. Silavwe (39) was intercepted by security officials on August 11 on the basis of suspicion. PTI
A 22yearold woman was killed by her neighbour in Bhalswa Dairy in northwest Delhi in the afternoon on Au gust 11, the police said on Sunday. The accused, who had allegedly been forcing her to leave her husband and marry him, has been arrested. Accused Ravi Kumar (28), a contractual labourer at a godown, lives opposite the woman’s house. Ravi was ar rested while planning to ﬂ ee to his village in Uttar Pra desh’s Aligarh. The woman’s oneyearold son was in the house when she was killed. During interrogation, Ravi said he was in love with the woman but she did not reci procate his feeling. He told the police he killed her in a ﬁ t
The accused had < > been expressing his love for the woman for a long time but she always turned him down Aslam Khan DCP (North-West)
of rage. The police control room received a call at 2.30 p.m. The caller told the pol ice that a woman had been found dead at her residence in Bhalswa Dairy. The police said the woman was strangled in the after noon on August 11 while her husband, a vegetable vendor, had gone out for work. The was found woman lying on the ﬂ oor with a dupatta tied around her neck. The lan dlord thought she had com mitted suicide. However, the
police suspected foul play . “The husband, identiﬁ ed as Rajesh Singh, was in formed about the incident. He told the police that he sus pected Ravi,” said a police of ﬁ cer. Rajesh said his wife had told him about Ravi, who had allegedly been harassing her. They were also planning to shift. “Ravi was held from the same area,” the oﬃ cer said. “He had been expressing his love for the woman for a long time but she always turned him down. When he approached her again on Au gust 11, she threatened to call the police and also said that she would inform her hus band,” said DCP (NorthWest) Aslam Khan. The accused was aware that her husband was at work at the time of the incident.
Shadow follows: People seen crossing a waterlogged road near Seelampur metro station on Sunday in New Delhi.
1 arrested over Greater Noida village clash
City to witness heavy police arrangements due to full dress rehearsal for IDay
Antikite ﬂ ying campaign launched
A 25-year-old man was arrested here on Sunday night in connection with a clash that broke out between two groups at a village in Greater Noida and claimed one life, the police said. Sumit (23) was killed in the clash at Bodaki village under Dadri police station on August 9, they said. Accused Sohit Kartar was arrested from Tilbata crossroad in Greater Noida. PTI
Constable saves man from drowning
Security has been tightened across the city ahead of Independence Day. R.V. MOORTHY *
Staff Reporter NEW DELHI
Several schools situated ad jacent to Ring Road will start from 10 a.m. on Mon day to avoid inconvenience due to police arrangements since a full dress rehearsal of Independence Day cele brations will be held on the same day. In a communication to all schools, the Directorate of Education, on advice of the Traﬃ c Police on Sunday, said, “The full dress rehear sal of the Independence Day celebrations will be held on Monday. Therefore, in order to avoid inconve nience to students, schools in the aﬀ ected areas will
open at 10 a.m. tomorrow [Monday] instead of regular timings.” The areas likely to be af fected by heavy police ar rangements will be the ones adjacent to Ring Road from ISBT to Rajghat, JLN Marg from Rajghat to Ranjit Singh ﬂ yover, Asaf Ali road, Church Mission Road, SPM Marg, Pul Duﬀ rin North, Zo ravar Singh Marg and Yamu na Bazar up to Hanuman Sethu, the statement also said. Apart from schoolchil dren, commuters using this route to get to work in the morning will also need to take diversions before 10 a.m.
Flying kites in an over cast August sky is a favou rite pastime of Delhiites on Independence Day. However, due to several accidents it has led to, ﬂ ying kites has become an activity that is being discouraged among chil dren. The Directorate of Education (DoE) has launched an antikite ﬂ y ing campaign and has is sued a circular to all heads of schools to sensi tise students and staﬀ members during the school assembly about the menace of ﬂ ying of kites. A circular issued by the DoE reads, “Flying of
kites sometimes leads to accidents causing harm and injury to humans, animals and birds. It be comes lethal and hazar dous because of metal coated string used in ﬂ y ing kites. Often accidents involving kite ﬂ ying have been reported causing injuries — small, grievous and sometimes fatal.” ‘Grave concern’ The circular also stated that it is a matter of grave concern and therefore, the passion for kite ﬂ ying among the students should be discouraged by creating awareness about the danger it can pose for people as well as animals and birds around.
4 held with 180 bottles of foreign liquor
Schools near Ring Road to open at 10 a.m. today
By DoE ahead of Independence Day
Staff Reporter New Delhi
Parking will not be available at all metro stations from 6 a.m. on Tuesday till 2 p.m. on Wednesday. PTI *
DMRC to close parking at metro stations As part of security measures for IDay Staff Reporter NEW DELHI
The Delhi Metro Rail Corpo ration (DMRC) has said that as part of security measures taken on the occasion of In dependence Day, parking fa cilities at all metro stations in the national Capital will not be available from 6 a.m. on Tuesday till 2 p.m. on Wednesday. ‘Swachh Bharat’ The DMRC has instructed all parking contractors to use the opportunity to clean the
parking lots thoroughly in the spirit of ‘Swachh Bharat’. “Parking facilities will not be available at Delhi Metro stations from 6 a.m. on Tuesday [August 14] till 2 p.m. on Wednesday [August 15] as part of security mea sures undertaken on the oc casion of Independence Day,” the DMRC said in a statement. It also said that it will deploy its oﬃ cials to in spect parking sites to ensure strict compliance with the decision.
Four persons were appre hended and 180 bottles of imported liquor were seized from their posses sion on Sunday, the Geeta Colony police said. The imported liquor was being circulated in the Del hi and the National Capital Region in luxury vehicles. The vehicles — a black SUV and a white sedan — carry ing the illegal liquor were also impounded. A case under Sections 33, 38, and 58D of the Delhi Excise Act has been regis tered in connection with the matter at Geeta Colony police station. The accused have been identiﬁ ed as Paramjeet alias Pammi (58), Parvin der (52), Varun (20) and Rakesh Marwah (40). Pa ramjeet was involved in two similar cases in 2012 and 2015. Further investigation in the matter is on, the police said.
Indo-Asian News Service Gurugram
A police constable saved a man from drowning in a Fa ridabad canal here on Sunday. A senior police oﬃ cer said a Crime Branch team of Sector 39, headed by its chief Rajkumar, was on its way to conduct a raid in Fa ridabad. The team saw a man drowning in the Yamuna canal in Faridabad. People had gathered and were shouting for help to rescue the man. “Constable Lukman Khan, who is part of the Crime Branch team, took oﬀ his uniform and jumped into the canal to save the man,” the police said in a statement in Gurugram. To receive award “Mr. Khan will receive a cash prize and an apprecia tion letter,” a police oﬃ cer said, quoting Gurugram Commissioner of Police K.K. Rao. The man rescued was identiﬁ ed as Mangal Singh, a resident of Sihi village in Faridabad. The police are investigat ing how Mr. Singh fell into the canal.
Victim moves HC over acquittal of Company chief molests trainee, arrested convicts in 2000 assault case Incident happened on May 15, came to light on August 8; victim was a minor then STAFF REPORTER
Convicts were released on probation by a trial court here Staff Reporter New Delhi
A man, who was assaulted at his residence by ﬁ ve men in 2000, has moved the Delhi High Court challenging the release of the accused on probation by a trial court here. Sunil Jain, an electrician by profession, has in his plea before the High Court sought to set aside the May 29 judgment of a trial court that let oﬀ three of the con victs on probation. Two of the assailants expired during the course of the trial. Mr. Sunil had ﬁ led a com plaint against the ﬁ ve per sons for house trespass and assault on him and his fami ly. Mr. Sunil’s advocate Dha nanjai Jain said that the pol
The victim sought to set aside a May 29 judgment of a trial court here. *
ice did not take any action and that constrained his client to ﬁ le a private com plaint. ‘Long-drawn trial’ He said the complaint was decided after 17 years in which the Magistrate con victed all the three accused
persons and sentenced them to oneyear imprison ment. Subsequently, on ap peal by the convicts, the trial court here let oﬀ all the con victs on probation, citing that they had already suf fered longdrawn trial for 17 years. “The Sessions Court, ig noring the suﬀ ering of the complainant or the victim completely and only con cerned about the suﬀ erings of the accused persons, has admitted the convicts to the beneﬁ t of probation,” Mr. Dhananjai said. It was furth er argued by the petitioner that such an approach would only promote vigilan tism which can never be in the interest of the society at large.
Woman shot at by husband STAFF REPORTER
Music: “Seasons with Krishna” - Vocal recital by Vidhi Sharma at The Stein Auditorium, India Habitat Centre (IHC), 6:30 p.m. Exhibition: “A Tale of Two Cities: Hampi and Newtown - A photographic study of urban memory”, an exhibition of photographs by Rajib De from Kolkata at Main Art Gallery, Kamaladevi Complex, India International Centre (IIC), 11 a.m. – 7 p.m. Exhibition: “Prarambh” - group show of paintings at Roop Chand Institute of Fine Art (RCIFA), 23, Central Market, Ashok Vihar, Phase-1, 11 a.m. – 7 p.m. (Mail your listings for this column at [email protected])
An owner of a private com pany was arrested on August 11 for allegedly molesting a minor trainee of the compa ny in west Delhi’s Naraina, the police said on Sunday. The police said that the victim, who lives in a shelter home of an NGO, joined the accused’s company for a threemonth job training in April. She was a minor when the incident happened. Complaint on August 11 The accused Dinesh (35) was
A woman was shot at by her husband in Dwarka’s Maha vir Enclave on Sunday, the police said. The police said that a PCR call was received regarding the incident that took place on the third ﬂ oor of a house in Mahavir Enclave. A police team reached the spot and the family informed that the injured woman, later identi ﬁ ed as Priyanshi alias Tannu, has been taken to the hospital.
“The police reached Bha gat Chandra Hospital and they found Ms. Priyanshi had sustained bullet injury in the lower back,” said Anto Alphonse, DCP (Dwarka). Ms. Priyanshi told the pol ice that she got married to Vikram alias Roshan Jha around ﬁ ve years ago. Mr. Jha, an alcoholaddict, often demanded money from her to meet his needs, she said. On Saturday evening when she was at her moth er’s house, Mr. Jha arrived. She had gone to bring water
from the refrigerator for him, when he ﬁ red at her back and ﬂ ed. The police said that Ms. Priyanshi has been declared ﬁ t for a statement and a case under IPC Section 307 (at tempt to murder) has been registered at Dabri police station based on her complaint. “The case is under investi gation. The couple used to have frequent ﬁ ghts. Eﬀ orts are being made to arrest the accused husband,” said Mr. Alphonse.
We have < > registered a case under IPC Section 354 A and the Protection of Children from Sexual Oﬀ ences Act Vijay Kumar DCP (West)
arrested from his oﬃ ce after the girl approached police with a complaint of molesta tion against him on August 11. “We have registered a case under IPC Section 354 A
and the Protection of Chil dren from Sexual Oﬀ ences Act. The accused was arrest ed from his oﬃ ce,” said Vijay Kumar, Deputy Commis sioner of Police (West). The complaint stated that the accused used to stare at her and molested her on May 15 when she was alone in the oﬃ ce. The matter came to light on August 8 when the victim reveal her ordeal to a woman counsel lor who visited the shelter home for motivational class es. The matter was brought to the knowledge of other of
One held for burning Constitution Protest took place on August 9; other accused on the run STAFF REPORTER NEW DELHI
Accused absconding; attempttomurder case registered DELHI TODAY
A member of Arakshan Vi rodhi Party has been arrest ed for burning copy of the Constitution during a prot est on August 9 at Parlia ment Street, the police said on Sunday. Deepak Gaur, a resident of Faridabad has been booked under the Preven tion of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971. He was the main accused in the case. The police said that they received a complaint on Au gust 10 from one Anil Tan war, national incharge of Ak hil Bhartiya Bheem Sena, regarding burning the co pies of Constitution and slo gan shouting against B.R. Ambedkar and the SC/ST community by protesters of organisation named Youth
for Equality on August 9 at Parliament Street. The com plainant had submitted a CD containing a video of the in cident in which people were seen burning a book and shouting slogans. On August 9, two diﬀ erent organisations — Youth Equal ity Foundation (Azad Sena) and Arakshan Virodhi Party — held a joint protest at Par liament Street. Mr. Gaur was heading Arakshan Virodhi Party while Abhishek Shukla was heading Youth Equality Foundation. “We have formed teams and several raids were con ducted in Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. Many of the accused were found ab sconding from their houses. We got an information re garding him [Mr. Gaur] and he was apprehended from
Faridabad,” said Madhur Verma, DCP (New Delhi). During interrogation, Mr. Gaur revealed that he and Abhishek Shukla conspired to burn the Constitution with an intention to grab the attention of the government against the amendments in the SC/ST Act. They also is sued press notes and got the video viral on social media, said the police. Deputy Chief Minister Manish Sisodia on Sunday said that the burning of a co py of the Constitution was done at the behest of those in power at the Centre at a place ( Jantar Mantar) that is used as a platform by people to raise their voices to pro tect the Constitution. Chief Minister Arvind Kej riwal has called the incident “shocking”.
ﬁ cials of the shelter home. “The victim came to Na raina police station along with shelter home oﬃ cials. An FIR was registered based on her complaint. She has been counselled,” Mr. Ku mar said. The girl studies in Class X and has been staying in the shelter home since 2015. She joined a Narainabased com pany, which was run by Di nesh, as an oﬃ ce executive trainee. She had joined the com pany on April 1 and left on June 30.
Woman falls into Najafgarh drain, dies STAFF REPORTER NEW DELHI
A woman has died after she fell into a Najafgarh drain, the police said on Sunday. The police said that a police control room call was made at 4.13 p.m. and they were informed that a woman had fallen into the main Najafgarh drain near Ghasipura. They rushed to the spot. The woman was brought out of the drain with the help of a ﬁ re brigade team. She was rushed to Rao Tularam Memorial Hospi tal where doctors declared her brought dead. “The woman seems to be in her late twenties. Ef forts are being made to identify the body,” said a police oﬃ cer. B ND-NDE
Loom of consciousness This past week, India celebrated National Handloom Day, shining the spotlight on artisans and weavers. Is the initiative working?
Malika Verma Kashyap
Three years ago, when National Handloom Day was inaugurated on August 7, Border&Fall’s social media commentary — while appreciating the eﬀ ort to make the craft more accessible — discussed how the initiative felt contrived. Today, despite continuous government investment and Textile Minister Smriti Irani’s 2016 social media campaign #IWearHandloom that is still going strong, public awareness and chatter on social channels grow slowly. My initial sentiment that perhaps not all is to be celebrated? It still remains. I will always remember a quote that textile historian Rahul Jain gave to Mint in 2015, stating, “If equitability was a real concern in India, say, via a wage increase that reﬂ ects a 21st century valuation of traditional crafts, skills and labour, a lot of private players in the ﬁ eld would simply exit. Their proﬁ ts would
interest in handloom has the power to change the lives of millions. One such invention was khadi denim, which I called “potentially revolutionary” when Border&Fall ﬁ rst reported it in 2014. It stood to be a unique proposition within the nine billion dollar denim industry. I sincerely thought it was revolutionary, as did Levi’s, which bought out the production and began to market it. Apparently, soon after, The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) sued Levi’s for use of the word khadi, and it was pulled oﬀ the shelves. This June, it was publicly reported that KVIC sued FabIndia for selling products with the khadi tag. That a governmentrun organisation (which itself uses semimechanised processes to make khadi) is prohibiting the use (and sale) of products claiming to be “handwoven and handspun” is preposterous. This is a handloom reality being swept under the rug, of little interest to Instagram or the Ministry of Textiles. Meanwhile, Bollywood, a perennial favourite for mass information, has also tried its hand at bringing handloom into its rhetoric. August 7 saw the “logo launch” of the Anushka Sharma and Varun Dhawan starrer Sui Dhaga (where the
Threadbare: (Clockwise from top left) Designer Sanjay Garg of Raw Mango (in grey); a handloom at Maku; creations from 11.11 and Maku
former plays an embroiderer, and the latter a tailor). Stencils of the ﬁ lm’s logo were sent to artisans across the country to be embroidered using native techniques. The resulting styles ranged from banjara and gota patti to kasuti. That handloom day factored into a big ticket movie’s launch strategy is interesting — a sign that it is on people’s minds, even if only as a possible PR stunt. Like and share Among the design community though, National Handloom Day saw a weak show. However, a lack of hashtags does not necessarily mean a lack of support. Santanu Das of Kolkata based Maku Textile respects the initiative and would have engaged, but states, “I manage my social media myself, there is only so much I can do.”
fall dramatically.” This remains the singular issue (and answer) to the entire plight surrounding handloom: if we were to pay higher wages to weavers, we would have a healthy socio economic handloom community. However, it is not in the best interest of most designers to petition for this change. The weaver’s tale The irony of this conﬂ ict of interest is responsible for much of my apprehension towards celebrating a day even as inequity continues to exist. Understandably, a National Handloom Day is too publicfacing, ﬂ eeting, and topical to address this kind of change, but I do think a smart and strong digital campaign funded by the government could do much to address a necessary perception shift. Renewing a widespread
At Raw Mango, where I serve as Strategic Director, we had multiple conversations on the importance of the day as a communication tool. Much internal dialogue resulted in a wellreceived digital campaign highlighting the contributions of handloom heroes such as Martand Singh and local farming communities. We also conducted candid interviews asking people a range of questions including, “Do you know what handloom is?” and “Do you wear handloom?” Answers, respectively, were “mostly no”, and “no”. What’s in a name? Designer Rajesh Pratap Singh, who works extensively with handloom states, “the day is good to raise awareness — any excuse to revisit this conversation is a good one, even if it is as formal as this. It is much more than a Valentine’s Day. If this is what is needed to bring about a discussion on handloom, then why not? What comes of it
HAGAR THE HORRIBLE
CALVIN AND HOBBES
is another story.” It is telling that today, weavers are still called “weavers“, whereas designers are felicitated with the decency of a full name. It is a contentious space, and one of the concerns with National Handloom Day is that it will further sweep the overwhelming reality of this relationship under the rug. For this reason, it can feel slightly disingenuous to some. For others, the reality is that handloom is a way of living and working, with no special reason to highlight the human condition to such “PR lengths”. Despite all this, some believe that India already has a leg up. Santanu Das believes that government policies have, in fact, helped. “We are better oﬀ than our neighboring countries,” he opines. “I went to Bangladesh and felt sorry for their craft sector in terms of access to market and sense of quality. For us in India, handloom and craft are part of the mainstream market and today handloom is a buzzword — at least we have made this happen.” The writer is the Founder of Border&Fall and Strategic Director for Raw Mango.
TIGER THE GUARDIAN QUICK CROSSWORD-12838 4 Most especially (5,3,4) 5 Nervous and easily upset (6,6) 6 Common breakfast fare (5,3,4) 7 Spanish farewell (5,2,5) 12 Indecorous (8) 15 Looked for (6) 18 Relating to China (preﬁ x) (4)
Solution will appear in Delhi Metro dated August 14, 2018. Solution No. 12837
PEARLS BEFORE SWINE
1 Medicated solution used for gargling (9) 8 Separated (5) 9 South African sun dried meat (7) 10 Sudden occurrence (as of disease) (8) 11 In good health (4) 13 In poor health (6)
14 Low joints (6) 16 Prima donna (4) 17 Ancestor (8) 19 Young goose (7) 20 Stoneworker (5) 21 Fit to sail (9) ■ Down 1 Driving a car (8) 2 Cheerful — optimistic (6) 3 One of two equal parts (4)
Gender bender: (clockwise from left) Ivan Ayr and stills from the ﬁ lm
Venice Director Ivan Ayr on how his début feature ﬁ lm, which premières at the Venice International Film Festival later this month, goes beyond gender politics Namrata Joshi
The synopsis of Soni — two Delhi policewomen dealing with the growing violent crimes against women — makes one reﬂ exively think of gender and the sorority of wo men. However, ﬁ lmmaker Ivan Ayr (his nom de plume) on a long distance call from San Jose, is quick to put things in perspective about the ﬁ lm that will have its world pre mière in the Orizzonti Compe tition section at the Venice In ternational Film Festival later this month. “Gender is the premise. It is one of the things the ﬁ lm looks at. The subject is live in the backdrop but my in tent has been to go deeper… it is not something I wanted to beat in the head with a stick.” His characters are not vic tims nor did he want to glorify them; the two extremes are what he ﬁ nds our cinema al ways veering towards. Instead, he wanted to portray simple, regular women, show their as pirations, weaknesses and strengths. In that sense Ayr refers to Soni as a character study. Ayr elaborates on how he wanted to explore the ‘human ness’ of the two characters caught in a certain situation. He wanted the audience to grapple with the moral dilem mas such a moment would have thrown at them. Gender plays a role to the extent that
also at the fest Rai Anil Barve and Adesh Prasad’s horror fantasy Tumbbad, will be the ﬁ rst Indian ﬁ lm ever to open the Venice International Film Critics’ Week this year. The only other Indian ﬁ lm at the festival with Soni, it will release in India on October 12 in Hindi, Marathi, Tamil and Telugu.
the two protagonists are wo men but the ﬁ lm could have been about two men as well.
Muted emotions At a deeper level, Soni is about the power imbalance intrinsic in our society, even in the sup posedly empowered sections like lawenforcers. “The as sumption is that if they are fe male cops they will be in a po sition of power, they won’t be susceptible to everyday crimes that other women face,” says Ayr. But is that really so? “It’s about how we may have the power to curb the menace but could ourselves be targets.” The ﬁ lm was inspired by “the unspeakable incidents that brought Delhi under the spotlight of shame”. But Ayr says it is not a kneejerk reac tion to the Nirbhaya rape case of 2012. “May be the seed was sown then but it took time to settle in the subconscious.” The cop’s point of view is the pivot. “People in uniform are supposed to keep emo
tions in check and enforce the law,” he says. But what of the emotional tussle, the rage within? For him, the vantage point of the police is crucial for the broader view of the sit uation on ground and a closer look at reality. “A police sta tion is where the actual weak nesses of a society are in full display,” adds Ayr who has worked with ﬁ rst time actors for Soni. It took him six months to ﬁ nd Geetika Vidya Ohlyan and Saloni Batra, who play the lead roles. “I didn’t want a casting director to pre sent me with a pool of actors; I wanted to audition as many professional and nonprofes sional actors as I could.” Single take We go on to talk about the technicalities of ﬁ lmmaking. There is a story but not a typi cal threeact screenplay. One thing leads to another but there are no plot twists, no ex pectations. There are silences to oﬀ er both the characters and the viewers pauses for re ﬂ ection. Each scene has been shot in one take; all for real ism, to make it seem credible. “I wanted to stay in a particu lar space and time with the characters, without the intru sion of cuts. I wanted them to react organically to things within that frame,” says Ayr. Filmmaking has been a pas sion fuelled on the side for him, beyond the day job of technical writing. Home is Chandigarh and he keeps re turning from the US to spend 23 months in India every year.
An electrical engineer by training, Ayr had always been interested in writing and he started taking short courses in literature and history. He vi vidly remembers a class on adapting novels to screenplays that piqued his interest in par ticular: “It showed me how ci nema has its own language,” says Ayr. On Soni The ﬁ lm’s idea occurred to him in 2014 and he kept build ing on the characters while pa rallely making shorts. The pre production started in Novem ber 2016, which is when he spent a lot of time with Delhi police personnel, observing the daily grind, the dynamics and hierarchies within. Ayr kept revising the script until the end of January 2017 and shot in a 24day schedule in Delhi in February. Soni was picked by the Work In Progress Lab of Na tional Film Development Cor poration’s Film Bazaar in No vember last year where it got further reﬁ ned under the mentorship of renowned French editor Jacques Comets and veteran director, Marco Mueller. Ayr thinks that had it not been for the Film Bazaar, Soni would not have got the kind of attention it did, especially from the international dele gates, festival programmers and curators. “It gave a big push towards the place we ﬁ nd ourselves in today,” he says, hoping to take the City of Canals by storm.
The design of success
DOWN MEMORY LANE
A mysterious ‘encounter’
Motivational speaker Shiv Khera says a person with a positive attitude cannot be stopped
The violent death of Raja Man Singh of Bharatpur remains an unsolved puzzle
Rajat Sinha R.V. Smith
Who killed Raja Man Singh of Bharatpur? The mystery remains unsolved even 33 years after his death on Fe bruary 21, 1985. The event keeps returning to mind space with TV channels playing up the longdrawn out legal case (with 15 sus pects) that has ﬁ gured in the Rajasthan High Court in Jaipur, in Gujarat and now in UP after the Supreme Court directive, with a ga laxy of lawyers camping on the lawns. Incidentally, three dozen judges and la wyers have been associated with the case, which caused a big sensation in Delhi when the alleged murder took place. It was said to be the fallout of a dispute bet ween Man Singh and the then Rajasthan Govern ment, with the Congress as suring the Raja that in the forthcoming election the Chief Minister, S. C. Mathur would not canvass against him. But even so the CM ar rived in Bharatpur in a heli copter for the purpose which angered the mercu rial Raja so much that he drove his jeep twice into it, wrecking the copter. The next day when Man Singh was driving through the grain market there was a shootout between his par ty and the police in which the Raja was killed, causing tension not only in Bharat pur but the whole of Rajas than. The repercussions were felt in Delhi too, where the Central Govern ment was also caught in the loop at the outrage. Raja Man Singh was the second of four brothers of Maharaja Brajendra Singh, an honorary Colonel, who had succeeded his father, Maharaja Kishen Singh to the gaddi in 1929. Their con nection with Delhi begin in mid18th Century. After his succession, Brijendra Singh also became the custodian CM YK
Press is resting now”. “Very good,” said the old colonel, “rest well for tomorrow you are going to have a hectic time”. And so it turned out to be. Early in the morning the invitees moved to the jheel in a ﬂ eet of cars, which should all now qualify for the Vintage Rally. The rajas and maharajas, the ranis and special guests had their gunbearers. The others moved about with their own weapons. The collec tion of guns was amazing. There were modern wea pons and some very old ones too.
A ﬂ ight of birds: At the Keoladeo National Park
of the once impregnable fort of Bharatpur (Mittika Qila or mud citadel which had deﬁ ed the might of the British under Lord Lake in 1805 and was captured only in 1826 when Lord Com bermere lead the assault. The ﬁ rst man to enter it was Anthony John (Antonious Jonadies) a Greek soldier of fortune who later became a gem merchant and started the chain of the once fa mous Johns’ Mills in Delhi, Agra, Kanpur and other places. Delhi connection Raja Man Singh was a fre quent visitor to Delhi, stay ing at the Bharatpur House and also the one at Agra. I met him once but it was his brother, Maharaja Brajen dra Singh with whom I had at least three meetings dur ing Army events. He was a prominent presence wear ing a blue blazer. Man Singh was also a nattily dressed man, conspicuous in a felt cap, like the one sported by Dev Anand in Bollywood
ﬁ lms. He was wearing the same sort of cap when he met his end. One thing worth mentioning is that both the Maharaja and Raja were robust JatRajputs physically very ﬁ t for the Army. Raja Man Singh was a lieutenant when he left ser vice because of State pres sures. One thing that always comes to mind is the Bha ratpur duck shoot which my brother and I attended in 1962 as Press representa tives, along with Nawabza da Farooqur Rahman Khan. We were housed in a palace room and after a lively evening were taken to the shootsite the next morn ing. The experience that fol lowed is worth recounting. Bharatpur is among the places where you can ﬁ nd a wide assortment of vintage cars owned by members of the former ruling family, their nobles and oﬃ cials. The cars are still in use and hardly raise an eyebrow as they weave in and out of
narrow bazaars and streets. They are an accepted mode of life just as the surround ing medieval havelis are. Bharatpur brings back me mories of the duck shoot held during the time that General “Timmy”. Thimay ya was the Army chief. He was among the guests, along with all the rajas and maharajas. The Maharaja of Mysore was conspicuous. It was from his family that the Bharatpur ruler had mar ried a princess, who be came his second wife. Another name that is not forgotten is that of the ju nior Rani of Dewas. All of them came in cars of diﬀ e rent vintage. Some mem bers of the diplomatic com munity were also there, and among them one who got rather tight at dinner on the evening preceding the shoot. Housed in the same building as the journalists, he returned around mid night, calling out, “Press, Press, where are you?” Rah man Khan replied, “The
Hunting expedition The obese Maharaja of Mysore was not particularly mobile and just sat in one place; his attendants hand ing over the guns to him. But his aim was good like that of Raja Man Singh. As the ﬁ rst shots were ﬁ red, the birds rose with a great ﬂ apping of wings and it seemed as though a huge cloud had descended on the lake. Everybody who counted had been assigned a butt. The shooting conti nued till lunch time. The ju nior Rani of Dewas was a good shot and bagged a large number of birds. There were other ladies shooting too, but none to beat her or Brajendra Singh. The afternoon repast was taken. It was sumptu ous amid a picnic atmosph ere. Gin and beer were aplenty and those not keen on shikar excelled them selves in guzzling. But later Colonel Brajendra Singh bid goodbye to hunting and converted the lake and its environs into the Keoladeo National Park with the help of Raja Man Singh. But the question remains: Who killed him? THE AUTHOR IS A VETERAN CHRONICLER OF DELHI
Shiv Khera, popular motiva tional speaker and best sell ing author of books like “You Can Win” and “Living With Honour”, held the audience captive with his charm and eloquence at the launch of his latest oﬀ ering “You Can Achieve More: Live by De sign, Not by Default” (Bloomsbury) at New Delhi’s NCUI auditorium, recently. His new book, which is a re sult of “15 years of hard la bour,” is purposed to serve as a blueprint to unlock the limitless potential that re sides within each individual regardless of intelligence, education or skill. Through an engaging and thought provoking speech, he gave an overview of what he wished to convey through his work. As the title of the book suggests, he urged readers to “live by design and not by default”. According to Khe ra, individuals who live by design, lead a life ﬁ lled with happiness and well being by taking control of their own circumstances. On the other hand a life lived by default is marred with guilt, remorse and resentment. “A person with a positive attitude can not be stopped and a person with a negative attitude can not be helped, therefore to change the reality we should ﬁ rst change our mentality.” He laid special emphasis on ﬁ ve types of strengths that are essential for attain ing and sustaining success,
Making a point: Shiv Khera
namely – physical, ﬁ nancial, mental, emotional and spiri tual. Khera elaborated upon each strength. First of all, he said that a healthy body is a necessary prerequisite for all our endeavours in life thus physical strength is so mething that should never be ignored. Financial strength pertains to wealth and ﬁ nancial security, and contrary to the general un derstanding that money can’t buy happiness. He as serted that money earned through fair means did, in fact, brought happiness. “Mental strength and forti tude keeps us from drown ing in the tides of hardships and when it comes to emo tional strength, relation ships are of prime impor tance. A person who lacks healthy relationships is emo
tionally bankrupt and such an emotionally unstable per son is never to be trusted.” Lastly, he said, spiritual strength was something that provided us a moral com pass and a strong value sys tem that always kept us on track. Delving deeper into his thesis, Khera mentioned that in this fast moving world, technology and most importantly ideas were get ting obsolete almost on a daily basis. “This can either be seen as a problem or an opportunity that can be ex ploited. Even in this era of rapid transitions, people skills, persuasion skills and skills of prioritisation hold their ground as immovable constants and the one who masters them is destined to great achievements in life.”
SHORT TAKE Gali Guleiyan in Melbourne Gali Guleiyan will be travelling to Indian Film Festival of Melbourne along with the other criticallyacclaimed ﬁ lms. Gali Guleiyan (In the Shadows) is a psychological dra ma about an isolated paranoid man, who is slowly losing his grip on reality. In 2017, the ﬁ lm premièred at Busan International Film Festival and also went on to win the Grand Jury award. The ﬁ lm stars Manoj Bajpayee in a pivotal role. B ND-NDE
Facilitator of change: CWO will look at human resources, company culture and infrastructure GETTY IMAGES/ISTOCK *
the person to have the ability and experience to work with large teams and run largescale pro grammes. She should have worked at a senior management level and have the passion for health, living the life herself, says Vijayalakshmi S, a life coach in Chennai.
“We know exactly when we need to recharge our mobile battery, but we don’t know when our own batteries are down,” said a partici pant at Thrive Global’s Master class for CEOs and CMOs in Guru gram. Thrive Global, the brainchild of Arianna Huﬃ ngton, helps companies prioritise well being, thereby upping productivi ty and the bottomline. The thought resonated with most par ticipants at the workshop, who echoed that stress and burnout were almost a norm in today’s workplace. “Recovery can’t be chocolate cake at night,” reiter ates the trainer at the session, Joey Hubbard. Last month, the University of Pennsylvania appointed its ﬁ rst Chief Wellness Oﬃ cer, Dr Benoit Dube, an associate professor of Clinical Psychiatry. The job de scription said the person would undertake “initiatives that pro mote the physical, psychological, emotional, intellectual, and social wellbeing” of Penn’s student population. Meanwhile, at Stan ford Medicine WellMD Center, there is a weeklong Chief Well ness Oﬃ cer course, meant for “wellness leaders”. We have ﬁ nally realised that the HR department’s episodic or reactive measures aren’t going to work in the long run. The odd yo ga session at work is not a ﬁ x for longterm stress that’s almost baked into our work systems. And that it’s hard to change poor lifes tyle habits when people’s jobs in volve sitting for a large part of the day. “The corporate structure is
Introducing, the Chief Wellness Oﬃ cer From creating a community that will cycle to work to helping with smoking cessation and developing greener spaces in the oﬃ ce, the CWO will be a powerful new inﬂ uencer within the new order of work not built for care; it’s diﬃ cult to scale. But that’s exactly what hu man beings need,” says Sairee Chahal, founderCEO, Sheroes, Delhi. “Care is not going to hap pen because it’s on HR’s list.” In fact, that is how it will be dif ferent from an HR role, because it’s not just about looking at hu man resources, but also about company culture and infrastruc ture. Where a Chief Medical Oﬃ c er is a doctor who primarily looks at curative measures, diagnosis and treatment, a CWO will be fo cussed on preventive measures, says Dr Arun Chaudhary, CMO at
FUNNIES AT WORK
Comic strip Dilbert’s creator Scott Adams revealed that the name for the office satire series was suggested by his former boss.
Maruti Suzuki India. He says that things are already going the well ness way, even in his own organi sation, where food at the canteen is customised for those with spe cial dietary needs. How then will the post of a Chief Wellness Oﬃ c er evolve, and what is the envi ronment she will bring to the of ﬁ ce? We asked people who work across industries. The CWO will be a facilitator of radical change “The design of the company, the language used, what is valued, all this will be a part of the agenda,” says Sairee. And the change is usually driven by the CEO. At her own company, she says, “We’ve done away with Monday meet ings, changing them to a oncea month reﬂ ection, where we sit on the ﬂ oor and have chai. The idea is to diﬀ use builtup stress, and see ourselves as a community.” Sairee’s company has also put in place corporate counselling hel plines. “Empathy is our core value, be
The individual’s health will be linked with the company’s It’s quite clear that the CWO’s role can come into being only if it has the board’s approval and their conviction that it can be held ac countable. At one level, boards will examine whether employee wellbeing endeavours genuinely reduce cost burden and increase productivity. “The role will have a P&L (proﬁ t and loss) responsibili ty, linked to certain KPIs (key per formance indicators),” says Vijay Raaghavan, Associate Director – Management Consulting, Health care, PwC, Bengaluru. “As Indians, we’re very data centric and analytical; we like seeing logic,” says Dr Marcus Ran ney, who heads Thrive Global’s India operations. “Not sleeping seven hours a day leads to a 29% drop in productivity, for in stance.” He talks about certain speciﬁ c RoIs that companies look at, that can be improved by better employee wellbeing. “JP Morgan wanted to look at millennial re tention, Safaricom wanted to look at road traﬃ c accidents, Hilton wanted to look at the enhan cement of revenues per room by
cause you can’t pour from an empty cup,” she says. Health ‘cov erage’ is not restricted to a topup plan on insurance. “There’s 100% OPD coverage and both sets of pa rents are covered, and at any gi ven point, about 30% of the staﬀ is on a remote working arrange ment,” she says. “Living in cities is a perennial challenge, and teams should be cushioned; they should feel supported.” By extension, the CWO will not be a ‘support’ func tion, but will be key to how oper ations are managed, busi nesses are run, not limited to a smoking cessation programme or a group walking challenge, or even putting in a gym. She will look deeper. She may, for instance, ﬁ nd that many in the organisation have a lowerback problem, from sitting too many hours, and so look at how to minimise that. So while the CWO may or may not be a doctor, the key is for
night, and we put employees through the programme, and pe ople got better service,” he says. “Adoption will increase because leadership is missiondriven.” At another level, they will also see it as risk mitigation — the pre vention of an untoward incident. No one wants an employee col lapsing under stress. On a more positive note though, companies will see what they put into well being as an investment, rather than expenditure, with longterm goals in mind. “Look at the three stakehol ders: the provider of mindbody soul services, senior leadership, the employee who will beneﬁ t. Just as life insurance has a topup scheme, the CWO can bring pro grammes into the company with a base oﬀ ering, and see how ma ny are pushing topup packages. “It becomes a way of the CWO saying, ‘We are not only deliver ing, but employees think it is worth spending on’,” says Vijay. This care may become the se condmost important reason for people choosing it, attracting bet ter talent. There’s likely to be less absenteeism, higher retention. Wellness will be redeﬁ ned Wellness is seen in terms of com prehensive wellbeing. Thrive Global has ‘nine pathways to thrive’, including wellbeing, wis dom, connection, purpose, re charge, productivity, resilience, innovation. The welfare oﬃ cer was a com mon portfolio during the 1920s and 30s, when industry was be ing set up in India, says Pankaj Bansal, CofounderCEO, Peo pleStrong, Delhi. “He was at the forefront of basic safety and amenities, like lighting or leave. It was a proactive role that helped both individuals and the compa ny.” Pankaj says that the role of the CWO will help align the per son with the work they do, so they see it as an extension of themselves and their values. Pankaj hopes to see an oﬃ ce connected via technology to form communities. So there may be a space for a group of employees to cook together. Or another may cycle to work together. Communication plays a huge role, whether to the board, about looking at it as an investment, or to employees. “They need to be given the comfort that this is not shortterm, that it is holistic, and ex actly how it will work for the indivi dual,” says Praful Akali, FounderMD, Medulla Communica tions. The CWO then is the caretaker of the compa ny’s health.
To what extent does the quality of the shoes you’re wearing aﬀ ect your performance or your ﬁ tness? ● Bumrah: For training and highve locity running, shoes are very impor tant. This is especially true for fast bow lers because we run a lot. Our shoes are to us what batsmen’s bats are to them. ● Bhuvi: If you do not have good shoes, you can get injured. I injured my ankle and was out for almost four months. If you have good gear and shoes, you can go for long runs and sus tain yourself for a longer duration. If you had to ﬁ x a ﬁ tness regimen for school children, what would CM YK
Fit and fast!
What is your ﬁ tness routine on an ordinary day? ● Bumrah: It’s diﬀ erent for diﬀ erent days and for each player. We have a ﬁ xed plan made by our trainers. The plan reﬂ ects what we need to improve: if I need to work on my speed or strength, my ﬁ tness schedule will be designed according to that. I usually bowl three to four days a week, plus I do running sessions, gym sessions, and pool recovery sessions (after a heavy workout). Bowling in the morning, gym in the evening, and then recovery — that’s a typical day. ● Bhuvi: Our Indian team trainers give us a programme for the oﬀ season. I mean, there’s no oﬀ season (laughs) but we are given a schedule for every day of whatever seven to ten days we get oﬀ . Whether you’re a batsman, bowler, or an allrounder, ﬁ tness is tough if you fol low your regimen religiously. We play cricket, gym, run, and so on — it’s like playing three to four sports all together.
Newly appointed as the brand ambassa dors for Japanese footwear and sports equipment company Asics, fast bowler Jasprit Bumrah and allrounder Bhuv neshwar Kumar speak to us about their ﬁ tness mantras, strict diets (and cheat days), and their advice for youngsters. Here are edited excerpts from the interview.
Cricketers Jasprit Bumrah and Bhuvneshwar Kumar talk ﬁ tness, food, and shoes you suggest? ● Bumrah: School children don’t need to get into ﬁ tness regimens as of now. They should just play and enjoy the sport they like. ● Bhuvi: Playing sports is enough to stay ﬁ t. I’m a sports lover. Not just crick et; I play badminton and football too. When I get some time oﬀ , I prefer to play sports rather than working out.
basically lots of sweets. I have a sweet tooth. If I am on a strict diet, which I mostly am, I try to have proteins, carbs, ﬁ bre, and vitamins in every meal. That helps me recover. Until three years ago, I wasn’t the kind of person who’d follow a diet, so I just used to eat everything. Since then, what I have changed most drastically is my diet, and my ﬁ tness has improved so much.
What does your daily diet look like? ● Bumrah: It’s usually quite a strict diet. I don’t eat breads, fried food, or sweets. I wanted to lose weight earlier; now that I am in a good position, I have anything and everything — biryani, pas tries, Indian sweets — but once a week. When I’m playing test matches, I some times get more than one cheat day per week. But generally, it is healthy pro teinoriented food six days a week. Lots of grilled food and ﬁ sh. It’s great to have cheat days! Your craving goes away and it’s in limitation too. So, six days is maintenance and one day is enjoy ment. ● Bhuvi: During oﬀ season, my diet is… I don’t want to tell you! (laughs) It’s
Most people don’t take proper care of their ﬁ tness these days. What’s your advice to them? ● Bumrah: When we were small, all we had was outdoor games and we used to be outside all day. It was fun for us and we kept ﬁ t too. Nowadays, kids spend a lot of time on their gadgets. I like to see kids playing outside. If you don’t keep ﬁ t, your body can become vulnerable to illnesses. ● Bhuvi: India does not have a sports culture now. Most people don’t believe in working out. If you’re not ﬁ t, you won’t be able to do things you want to. You have to be ﬁ t, whether you’re work ing a ninetoﬁ ve job or you’re a sport sperson.
Did someone say 1984? Shovon Chowdhury
I have always been afraid of Big Brother, even before I read 1984, which only con ﬁ rmed my suspicions. Most of us are, to a greater or less er extent. It’s because of the circumstances of our birth. When we ﬁ rst come into the world, naked and wriggling, we feel like we can do anyth ing. We are wild and free. Af ter the initial euphoria, things go rapidly downhill. Soon people begin to or der us about. Get your hand out of the potty! Drink your milk! Don’t wear your under wear on your head! Stop
ﬂ ushing the Lego! Stay away from the bougainvillea! Shortly afterwards, you ﬁ nd yourself staying in late at the oﬃ ce, making elaborate, meaningless diagrams for your boss’ PowerPoint pre sentation. The fascists are all around us, making us bow to their will. You could argue that resis tance is unnecessary, and we should simply go with the ﬂ ow. But if there’s one thing I’ve learnt, it’s this. Things can always get worse. We may be living and dying in subjugation, but there are times when men and women of principle have to stand up against the forces of tyranny. This is one of those times. A new threat has arisen. The concept of Chief Well ness Oﬃ cer is being ﬂ oated, even in reputable publica tions like The Hindu. It’s a call to arms. Action is need ed. We cannot stand idly by
while they proliferate. Com panies have always focused on health. It’s a way to pre tend that they care. By and large, this involved an an nual visit to the company doctor. He would feel your pulse, ask you to cough, and certify you completely ﬁ t. He never even took a blood sam ple, because the company was already sucking enough of it. He was pleasant, and happy to chat. He never took too much interest. The Chief Wellness Oﬃ c er, on the other hand, will be deeply interested, but have no budget, because the last thing the company wants to do is spend more money on you. He will not, therefore, be in a position to give you analgesics, or mild laxatives, or perform minor proce dures. Instead, he will pro vide advice and instruction. He will deﬁ ne principles and lay out guidelines. He will ex
amine lifestyles and regulate food choices. He will ask you to cut down on drinking. These were the few parts of your life that you could still call your own, but not any more. Now they will be part of your Annual Assessment, with adverse remarks such as ‘tends to lose focus during meditation’ and ‘refuses to eat yoghurt.’ Your bonus will be linked to your Body Mass Index. Meetings will end with Vedic chanting. If your company has hired a Chief Wellness Oﬃ cer, there’s no time to waste. Rise up now, before it’s too late. Your lifes tyle is all you have left. Don’t let them take it away. In Shovon Chowdhury’s most recent novel, Murder With Bengali Characteristics, Governor Wen is unable to procure the penis of a Royal Bengal Tiger, because there aren’t any